oles / vles:



I'm no longer updating this page. (Dec. 2013)


  If any of these links is broken or isn't working any longer, I suggest that you try The Internet Archive, "a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, we provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, and the general public".

Copy and paste the URL in the Wayback Machine and click on 'Take Me Back'.

I hope you are as lucky as I've been most times.  :-)



Blogs and Blogging


CMC: Computer-Mediated Communication


Community Building Online






Related articles  

Teaching and Learning Online



  Vodcasting Web 2.0 Wikis  
  Email Page   EFL-ESL Page  


Locations of visitors to this page


      7 Things You Should Know About... ("pieces provide quick, no-jargon overviews of emerging technologies and related practices that have demonstrated or may demonstrate positive learning impacts"; organized by years: 2005-2008; one technology per month) (EDUCAUSE)  
      10 x 10 ("('ten by ten') is an interactive exploration of the words and pictures that define the time. The result is an often moving, sometimes shocking, occasionally frivolous, but always fitting snapshot of our world. Every hour, 10x10 collects the 100 words and pictures that matter most on a global scale, and presents them as a single image, taken to encapsulate that moment in time. Over the course of days, months, and years, 10x10 leaves a trail of these hourly statements which, stitched together side by side, form a continuous patchwork tapestry of human life.")  
      700 reasons for studying languages  
      GeoURL ("a location-to-URL reverse directory. This will allow you to find URLs by their proximity to a given location")  
      Online Practice Modules ("completing the puzzle of professional development") - Susan Brooks and Bill Byles (Internet4Classrooms)  
      RSS News Feed Generator ("web tool is designed to help teachers create RSS feeds for aggregating news stories from Google News, that are related to curriculum topics and issues")  
      Speakeasy ("test your connection speed")



7 things you should know about... Blogs ("a series on a variety of emerging learning practices and technologies"; ELI, Aug. 2005)

10 Habits of Bloggers that win! - Vicki Davis (3 Mar. 2006)

80 things to do with your weblog - Thomas Leverett (7 Nov. 2005

ABC Book on Blogging

Abdullah's Blogging: A Generation 1.5 Student Enters the Blogoshpere ("The paper attempts to improve our understanding of how blogging in L2 composition courses can contribute to the development of a student’s writing") - Joel Bloch (LL&T, Jun. 2007)

A brief history of the blog - David Wiley (2003)

A Internet na Iniciação à Língua Estrangeira: Blogs e CALL lessons (a presentation in Portuguese) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (ESE Setubal, 27 Set. 2004)

A Learning Blogosphere (1): Into the Deep ("In Fall 2004, I developed a distributed learning blogosphere for non-technical students at the University of Michigan. Ninety-five percent of participants felt blogging improved their learning. Here I provide the hard, pragmatic lessons we learned in getting community interaction to work.") - B. Gibson (2004)

.. and now, for a walk in th blog forest: blogging, RSS and what it means for teaching and learning - Michael Chalk

A Place to Be Heard (Anne Davis talks about her blogging experiences)

Are You A Blogger? - Joe Moxley and Terry Beavers (, Sep-Oct. 2003)

Audible Revolution ("Online radio is booming thanks to iPods, cheap audio software and weblogs") - Ben Hammersley (Guardian Unlimited, 12 Feb. 2004)

Autonomy in Online (Teaching &) Learning Environments - James Farmer (2004)

Blackboard Blogging ("The teachers' lounge -- that secretive place where, students imagine, teachers sip coffee, smoke and gossip about them -- has gone global. The blogosphere is the new lounge where teachers gather to talk about vicious administrators, educational reforms both stupid and smart, marriage, divorce and, yes, students.") - Valerie Strauss (Washington Post, 4 Apr. 2006)

Blog Assisted Language Learning (BALL): Push button publishing for the pupils ("This paper examines the definitions of ‘weblog’, explains the weblog’s history and discusses how weblogs develop writing, reading and communication skills. The positive and negative potential of weblogs for language teachers is discussed, the use of weblogs in a writing class for non-native English speakers in the first year of university study is demonstrated, and feedback from these students is considered.") - Jason M. Ward (TEFL Web Journal, 2004)

Bloggers Need Not Apply ("What is it with job seekers who also write blogs? Our recent faculty search at Quaint Old College resulted in a number of bloggers among our semifinalists. Those candidates looked good enough on paper to merit a phone interview, after which they were still being seriously considered for an on-campus interview. That's when the committee took a look at their online activity...") - Ivan Tribble (The Chronicle of Higher Education, 8 Jul. 2005)

Blogging (a wiki with many resources)

Blogging 101 - Web logs go to school - Alorie Gilbert (CNET News, 17 Oct. 2005)

Blogging Across the Curriculum ("... a growing and living resource for weblog projects...") - Pattie Belle Hastings (Aug. 2003)

Blogging and Presence Online ("This booklet was created to illustrate and document the chat: Blogs and Presence Online I gave at Tappedin on February 16th 2004 for for the TESOL EVOnline 2004 Session: Becoming a Webhead. I have structured it around the questions posted in the blog opened at

a) definition/contrasting/comparing blogs to forums, web pages, wikis
b) best blog providers
c) where to find and how to place add-ons like list of links, a tagboard / comment box, voice
d) how to make blogs collaborative and interactive
e) blog management in your everyday routine.") - Barbara Dieu (Feb. 2004)

If you have problems accessing this e-book presentation, click here for the .htm document

Blogging and RSS - The "What's It?" and "How To" of Powerful New Web Tools for Educators ("... Two new Internet technologies, Weblogs and RSS (Real Simple Syndication), are redefining the way students and teachers use the Internet, turning them from mere readers into writers to the Web...") - Will Richardson (Information Today, Jan/Feb. 2004)

Blogging Applications Comparison (CIT)

Blogging as a Course Management Tool - Jon Baggaley (The Technology Source, Jul.-Aug. 2003)

Blogging for ELT ("This article takes a look at blogging... [and] gives an overview of blogging websites, suggests why you might want to use them, and gives some practical advice on setting up blogs for use with your own classes") - Graham Stanley (7 Mar. 2005)

Blogging Goes Legit, Sort of (blogs in journalism courses and in education) - Noah Shachtman

Blogging in TESL (a presentation) - Ishbel Galloway (TESOL 2005)

Blogging in the Classroom - Bernie Dodge (Sep. 2004)

Blogging Services Feature Comparison (CIT)

Blogging thoughts: personal publication as an online research tool - Torill Mortensen & Jill Walker (InterMedia Report, Mar. 2002)

Blogging to Learn ("...This paper will introduce the blogging phenomenon and present some options for educators. Some theoretical principles and guidelines for practice will be presented, along with some further resources for exploring the blog-o-sphere and creating a blog...") - Anne Bartlett-Bragg (2003)

Blogosphere: The emerging Media Ecosystem ("How Weblogs and Journalists work together to Report, Filter and Break the News")  - John Hiler (Microcontent News, 28 May 2002)

Blog Research Issues (a post) - Liz Lawley (Many 2 Many, 23 Jun. 2004)

Blog Revolution: Expanding classroom horizons with Web logs ("...At this point, I think it's safe to say that blogs are here to stay. As any journalist, politician, or business executive will tell you, a world inhabited by content-producing ordinary people—also known as bloggers—means big changes. That's soon to be true for educators, as well.") - Will Richardson (techLearning, 15 Oct. 2005)

Blogs ("Blog stands for Web-log, an informal personal Website. Thousands of people blog every day. (Blog is both a noun and a verb.) I’ve blogged for 18 months, and I’m convinced that blogs are destined to become a powerful, dirt-cheap tool for e-learning and knowledge management....") - Jay Cross (Learning Circuits, Apr. 2002)

Blogs @ Anywhere: High fidelity online communication ("...This paper includes a brief review of some of the institutional and individual blog projects that are taking place in higher education. In doing so it examines the different types of blog environments that are being used in terms of their communication dynamics and subsequent impact upon teachers, learners and pedagogy...") - Anne Bartlett-Bragg and James Farmer (4 Jul. 2005)

Blogs: A Disruptive Techonology Coming of Age? - Phillip D. Long (Campus Technology, n.d.) (originally published in Syllabus, Oct. 2002)

Blogs and Teaching - Jill Walker

Blogs and Wikis: Environments for On-line Collaboration - Bob Godwin-Jones (LL&T, May 2003)

Blogs as Virtual Communities: Identifying a Sense of Community ("This research investigates what form of communication is made possible through the weblog and what its uses are for the future... blogs have the potential to evolve into socially beneficial, self-sustaining virtual communities.") - Anita Blanchard (Into the Blogosphere)

Blogs can come back to bite you - Martha Irvine (The San Diego Union-Tribune, 19 Jul. 2005)

Blogs for Kids - Sharon Housley (RSS Specifications, 2004)

Blogs in Education (a podcast) - Keith Burnett

Blogs in Plain English (a video) - Lee Lefever (Nov. 2007)

Blogs in the Classroom

Blogs: Webs of Connected Learning ("This article shares how blogs enable both adult learners and students to create their own Personal Learning Networks, sometimes with unintended consequences – both positive and negative. It also examines possible solutions to address unintended consequences among student blog use.") - Miguel Guhlin (techLearning, 1 Jul. 2006)

BlogTalk: A European Conference on Weblogs - May 23-24, 2003 (Vienna, Austria)

Blog your Bulletin ("...Some principals are now using a Weblog or blog to post the staff bulletin, rather than Email attachments.") (techLEARNING, 8 Dec. 2004)

Blown away by RSS Feeds & Blogs - Paul Stacey (E-Learning, 25 Jul. 2003)

      An Introduction to RSS for Educational Designers - Stephen Downes (2 Nov. 2002)

Bridging the Gap: A Genre Analysis of Weblogs ("...In this paper, we seek to characterize the properties of the emergent blog genre, and situate it with respect to offline genres, as well as with respect to the broader genre ecology of the Internet... Our analysis suggests that the blog is neither fundamentally new nor unique, but that it—along with other emergent genres driven by interactive web technologies—occupies a new position in the Internet genre ecology. Specifically, it forms a de facto bridge between multimedia HTML documents and text-based computer-mediated communication, thereby blurring the traditional distinction between these two dominant Internet paradigms, and potentially contributing to its breakdown in the future.") - Susan C. Herring et al. (2004)

Campus Communications & the Wisdom of Blogging ("What, then, is the potential for blogs in higher education?") - Sarah Roberts (Syllabus Magazine, Aug. 2003)

Choosing a Blogging Package for Students - Scott Hacker (O'Reilly, 23 Aug. 2002)

Classroom Blogging: two fundamental approaches - Aaron Campbell (10 Oct. 2005)

Communication dynamics: discussion boards, weblogs and the development of communitites of inquiry in online learning environments (...the degree to which a successful community of inquiry can be facilitated through the use of discussion boards is examined and compared to the possibilities afforded by weblogs in the same role. Weblogs, it is argued, offer new opportunities in the development of social, cognitive and teacher presence online and should be considered in the development of or alongside established OLEs") - James Farmer (5 Oct. 2004)

Community Blogging ("An analysis of community as it emerges in blogging: how it is formed, how it should reshape the blogosphere, and how it can be implemented (quite easily) technologically. And along the way, deflating a few pet concepts of the blogerati, such as the value of the long tail and the utility of tagging.") - Stephen Downes (19 Feb. 2005)

Content Delivery in the 'Blogsphere' - Richard E Ferdi and Kaye D. Trammell (THE Journal, Deb. 2004)

Content Syndication and Online Learning ("This paper divides into two parts. In the first part it defines and describes the RSS (Rich Site Summary) format and its emerging use as a format for content syndication by news and media organizations on the world wide web... In the second part, the theories and practice employed by news and media organizations are applied to online learning...") - Stephen Downes (22 Sep. 2000)

Crash course in learning theory ("One formula (of many) for a successful blog is to create a "learning blog". A blog that shares what you know, to help others. Even--or especially--if that means giving away your "secrets". Teaching people to do what you do is one of the best ways we know to grow an audience--an audience of users you want to help. ")

Creating a Writing Course Utilizing Class and Student Blogs (...The objectives of this paper are 1) to show other teachers how to set up a course using blogs at ‘Blogger' (a free blogging service) and 2) to discuss the advantages of blogs for both teachers and students.  The ideas presented are based on a graduate level science writing course taught in the spring of 2003") - Andrew Johnson (TESL-J, Aug. 2004)

Creation of a learning landscape: weblogging and social networking in the context of e-portfolios ("...This short report will explore one idea which could help address the problem of learner engagement creating a scenario where students want to use the system therefore be at the centre of the whole e-portfolio process and in turn, through engagement, benefit from the deep learning potential") - David Tosh and Ben Werdmuller (15 Jul. 2004)

Diaries as introspective research tools: From Ashton-Warner to Blogs (...discusses blogging in the familiar context of diary writing, and then shows how a diary in the form of a blog (allowing others to comment on the 'diary') can be useful as a qualitative research tool...") - Renata Suzuki (TESL-EJ, Jun. 2004)

Education Web Logs - Carol Holzberg (techLEARNING, 1 Aug. 2003)

Educational Blogging - Stephen Downes (EDUCAUSE Review, Sep/Oct 2004)

Educational Blogging Wiki

Elementary writers learn to love their weblogs - An Innovation Odyssey

e-Portfolios and weblogs: one vision for ePortfolio development ("...This report explores the possibility of merging weblog technology with ePortfolios, creating a platform for learning reflection") - David Tosh and Ben Werdmuller (15 Mar. 2004)

Exploring the use of blogs as learning spaces in the higher education sector ("...This paper explores the potential of blogs as learning spaces for students in the higher education sector. It refers to the nascent literature on the subject, explores methods for using blogs for educational purposes in university courses (eg. Harvard Law School), and records the experience of the Brisbane Graduate School of Business at Queensland University of Technology, with its 'MBA blog'. The paper concludes that blogging has the potential to be a transformational technology for teaching and learning.") - Jeremy B. Williams and Joanne Jacobs (AJET, Spring 2004)

Final version of weblog definition (for the Routledge Encyclopedia of Narrative Theory) - Jill Walker (Jun. 2003)

Good Weblog Design and Layout (Guidelines) - Dave Pollard (19 Feb. 2004)

Have you Heard about RSS? - Alan Levine (MCLI, Fall 2003)

How do Educators use the Internet? (a webquest) - Trevor Ettenborough (2004)

How Educators Are Using Weblogs - The Intel Innovator

      A Place to Be Heard: Elementary writers learn to love their weblogs (4th-5th grade)

      A Space of Your Own: Student weblogs motivate young readers to do their best (K-4th grade)

      This Just In: High school journalists use weblogs to mentor younger writers (9th-12th grade)

      Weblogging to Success: Students blossom as writers through a classroom weblog (8th grade)

How the integrated use of blogs and Blackboard can improve a university public relations class: A case study - Ric Jensen

How the Students View Weblogs - Created by Anne Davis (Feb. 2003)

How to Pick Blog Software - J. Baumgart

How To: Start Your Own Blog - Tim Stahmer (techLEARNING, 15 May 2005)

How you SHOULD use blogs in education - James Farmer (29 Jul. 2005)

    How NOT to use blogs in education - James Farmer (27 Jul. 2005)

I'm not sure people realise what goes on ("Bad-mouthing, bullying ... If you want the truth about school life, read the teachers' blogs") - Wendy Wallace (The Guardian, 17 Apr. 2007)

Instructional Blogging: Promoting Interactivity, Student-Centered Learning, and Peer Input ("...however, instructional blogging offers additional opportunities to engage students and extend the virtual classroom. Blogging can complement community building in hybrid and distance courses and can frame personal places in virtual spaces...") - Stuart Glogoff (Innovate, May 2005)

In the Classroom, Web Blogs Are the New Bulletin Boards - Jeffrey Selingo (New York Times Online, 19 Aug. 2004)

Introduction to Blogs and Blogging ("...A blog is high tech and futuristic and may get students interested in writing. Blogs may also help teachers share ideas about their interests in education.") - Michael Stach (techLearning, 1 Apr. 2004)

Just do it... blog it ("how one university is encouraging students to keep weblogs") - Jim McClellan (Guardian Unlimited, 5 May 2005)

Keeping an education-related online diary - Hafsa Ahsan (14 Jan. 2005)

Leading Internet scholar addresses blogs in education ("Laura J. Gurak says teachers can utilize Internet in teaching generation that grew up online.") - Kirsten Matin (The Daily Barometer, 16 Nov. 2004)

Learner Attitudes Towards a Tutor-Run Weblog in the EFL University Classroom - Aaron Patric Campbell

Let's Blog! Introducing Blogs in EFL (presentation) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (18th APPI Conference, 28 Apr. 2004)

Let's go blogging now, everyone is learning how, come on and go blogging with me - Vance Stevens (2005 Tesol Arabia. Live webcast, 14 Apr. 2005)

Logs prepare to go on a roll ("To many, weblogs are an outlet for amateurish journalism, but as an educational tool they can allow students to develop ideas and invite feedback.") - Stephen O'Hear (Guardian Unlimited, 8 Jun. 2004)

Mad Blogs and English(men) - Jim Duber (TESL-EJ, Sep. 2002)

More than Personal: The Impact of Weblogs - Stephen Downes (1 May 2003)

My Students Compare and Contrast Wikis and Blogs - Vicki Davis (25 May 2006)

New Tools: Blogs, Podcasts and Virtual Classrooms - Ethan Todras-Whitehill (NYTimes, 3 Aug. 2005)

O blog como elemento de motivação para a leitura e escrita na língua estrangeira (in Portuguese) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (ProFormar, Jun. 06)

Of blogs and wikis - Glyn Moody (26 Mar. 2004)

One Path to the Blog: An Odyssey in Tracking and Sharing Technology with the Online Higher Education Community ("...This new Web format has already had an important impact on online journalism as well as education. Each of us who blogs has traveled a different path, which ultimately brought us to the realization that blogging was the best solution to a communication challenge.") - Ray Schroeder (eLearn Magazine)

Our ABC Blook on Blogging - The Wrinkles Weblog Group (5th graders guided by Anne Davis)

    ABC Book on Blogging (a blog post on the above "blook") - Scott Adams

    Thinking and Writing Wrinkles - Anne Davis and her students

Pedagogical Underpinnings of Blogs in the Classroom - Barbara Ganley (12 Jan. 2005)

    Presentation Notes for CET Presentation on Blogging in the Liberal Arts - Barbara Ganley (11 Jan. 2005)

Personal Webpublishing as a reflective conversational tool for self-organized learning ("This paper suggests that personal Webpublishing technologies and practices can be conceptualized as a reflective conversational learning tool for self-organized learning. Beyond the examination of the theoretical basis for such a claim, initial ideas for specific learning environment designs on the basis of a "conversational framework" are presented.") - Sebastian Fiedler (May 2003)

Publishing a Project Weblog - Jon Udell (InfoWorld, 28 Mar. 2003)

Pulling sense out of today's informational chaos: LiveJournal as a site of knowledge creation and sharing ("The informational overload currently facing Western society is changing the way we understand the world as well as rendering obsolete our current ways of managing information and creating knowledge. With these changes in mind, I will examine the blogging service LiveJournal as a new and more applicable way of managing information and creating knowledge in today’s society.") - Kate Raynes-Goldie (First Monday, Dec. 2004)

RSS: A Quick Start Guide for Educators - Will Richardson

RSS, Blogging and What it Means for Teaching and Learning - Alan Levine, Garry Putland, Michael Chalk and Michael Coghlan (Webcast recording; 3 Jun. 2004)

    Resources and Examples

RSS could transform online communication - Dan David (eSchool News Online, 3 Aug. 2004)

RSS (file format) - Wikipedia

RSS for Beginners (IRRODL)

RSS History - Dave Winer (Harvard Law, 6 Apr. 2004)

RSS in Plain English (a video tutorial) - Lee Lefever (Apr. 2007)

RSS Quickstart Guide

RSS: The Next Killer App for Education - Mary Harrsch  (The Technology Source, Jul-Aug 2003)

RSS: The New Killer App for Educators - Will Richardson (Webcast recording; 31 Jan. 2005)

RSS Usage Skyrockets in the U.S. (Harvard Law, 4 Jan. 2005)

Some uses of Blogs in Education - Scott Leslie (8 Oct. 2003)

Spinning yarns around the digital fire: Storytelling and dialogue among youth on the Internet - David Huffaker (First Monday, Jan. 2004)

State of the Blogosphere, April 2006 Part 1: On Blogosphere Growth - David Sifry (17 Apr. 2006)

State of the Blogosphere, April 2006 Part 2: On Language and Tagging - David Sifry (1 May 2006)

Summer of the "Blog" - Kevin Hodgson (29 Aug. 2003)

Syndicating Learning Objects with RSS and Trackback - Alan Levine, Brian Lamb and D'Arcy Norman (MERLOT International Conference, Aug. 2003)

Teacher Bloggers and Education Arts - David Warlick (8 Jan. 2005)

Teaching with a Weblog: How to Post Student Work Online ("...  This paper explains how to use a blog for teaching:  (1) The reasons for putting student work online are discussed, (2) the steps needed to initiate and manage a blog are described, and (3) the advantages of a blog as compared with the traditional method of creating web pages are presented") - Timothy C. Johnston (Apr. 2002)

Ten Tips for a Better Weblog - Rebecca Blood (7 Jan. 2005)

The ABCs of RSS ("...In simple terms, RSS is a format for aggregating Web content in one place. an RSS feed ... uses a type of software called an "aggregator" or feed collector to check the feeds you subscribe to, usually every hour, and collect all the new content from those sites...") - Will Richardson (techLearning, 15 May 2005)

The Art of Blogging - Part 1 - George Siemens (1 Dec. 2002)

The Art of Blogging - Part 2 - George Siemens (6 Dec. 2002)

      The Art of Blogging (Summary Notes) - George Siemens (7 May 2004)

The Audioblogging Revolution ("The latest developments in audioblogging such as PODcasting") - Harold Gilchrist

The best of British blogging (Guardian Unlimited, 18 Dec. 2003)

The Blogging Iceberg (Perseus, May 2004)

The Blogging Revolution - Andrew Sullivan (Wired, May 2002)

The (Classroom) Blog: A Moment for Literacy, A Moment for Giving Pause - Austin Lingerfelt (12 Dec. 2004)

The educated blogger: Using Weblogs to promote literacy in the classroom - David Huffaker (First Monday, Jun. 2004)

The History of Weblogs - Dave Winer (Nov. 2001)

The Microcontent News Blogging Software Roundup ("... history and evolution of the blogging software sector...") - John Hiler (Microcontent News, 22 Jul. 2002)

The World Wide Blog (an interview with "Joichi Ito, founder of Neoteny and other Internet companies, [who] finds that cyberspace is embracing it roots — collaboration, community, and personal communications — with bloggers leading the way.") (Ubiquity, Aug. 2004)

Time to check: Are you using the right blogging tool? ("Blogs are one of the hottest publishing tools around, but picking blog software can be confusing and frustrating. Use this primer to get a feel for what's available and what will work best for you.") - Susannah Gardner (USC Anenberg, 14 Jul. 2005)

    Blog software coparison chart (updated 18 May 2006)

Tips on blogging safely for parents and kids (7 Jul. 2005)

To Blog or not to Blog ("...Unlike making Web pages, you don't need any special skills to blog. Free or low-cost blog software applications do all the work for you...") - Christine Boese (, 23 Sep. 2002)

Toxic Blogs Distribute Malcode and Keyloggers (Websence, 12 Apr. 2005)

Understanding Different Weblog Software and Systems ("...Blogging platforms are best categorized as follows: Hosted weblog providers; Stand-alone weblog software; and Remote weblog systems....") - Sheila Coggins (

Understanding Weblogs: a communicative perspective ("This research investigates what form of communication is made possible through the weblog and what its uses are for the future..." - this paper is a summarized translation of a Master's thesis) - Elmine Wijnia

Untangling Blogs & RSS (presentation) - Teri Vogel and Doug Goans

Using LiveJournal for Authentic Communication in EFL Classes ("This paper describes a way for teachers to set-up and facilitate authentic international communication in the EFL classroom using a free, hosted weblog tool with a 1.9 million-member-strong community of active users and built-in social networking features.  It also highlights the potential that social software, like LiveJournal, has for encouraging greater autonomy and self-direction in foreign language learning.") - Aaron P. Campbell (Internet TESL-J, Sep. 2004)

Videoblogging ("a quick overview of what videoblogging is, who's using it in higher education, why it's significant, and what are the downsides"; ELI, Aug. 2005)

Virtual Learning: A toe in the pool of the new media ("Weblogs have changed the media recently, bringing a vibrant and independent quality to personal expression and the delivery of news.  In the same way they are changing language teaching, because a devoted group of teachers are using them to help students get started in the new technology, the new media, and the new forms of expression...") - Thomas Leverett (Global Study, Oct. 2005)

We Blog. What about you? (online presentation: part 1) - Barbara Dieu, Buthaina Al-Othman and Teresa Almeida d'Eça (6th BelNATE-IATEFL Conference. Minsk, Belarus: 4 Nov. 2004)

      Let's Open our own Blog (online presentation: part 2) - Barbara Dieu, Buthaina Al-Othman and Teresa Almeida d'Eça (6th BelNATE-IATEFL Conference. Minsk, Belarus: 4 Nov. 2004)

Weblog Applications for EFL/ESL Classroom Blogging: A Comaprative Review - Aaron Campbell (TESL-EF, Dec. 2005)

Weblog as Online Community Management Tool - Lee LeFever (29 Sep. 2004)

Weblog in ELT: Publishing your Thoughts ("...This paper shares the experience of a language instructor in utilizing weblog to enhance the traditional journal writing task...") - Ghazali Bunari

Weblogging: Another kind of website - Chris Ashley (IST - Interactive University, Fall 2001)

      Weblogs, part II: A Swiss Army website? - Chris Ashley, IST - Interactive University, Winter 2002)

Weblog glossary - Neil McIntosh and Jane Perrone (Guardian Unlimiteds, 18 Dec.2003)

Web Log grading rubric

Weblog Workshop - Anne Davis (2004)

Weblogs: A History and Perspective - Rebecca Blood (Sep. 2000)

Web Logs (Blogs): A Primer and Applications in Education - Ray Schroeder (May 2003)

Web logs in Education FAQ - Will Richardson (2004)

Weblogs and Discourse: Weblogs as a transformational technology for higher education and academic research - Oliver Wrede (Blogtalk Conference Paper, Vienna, 23-24 May 2003)

Weblogs at Harvard Law - Stephen Downes (The Technology Source, Jul.-Aug. 2003)

Weblogs for Use with ESL Classes ("The purpose of this paper is to introduce three ways that weblogs can be used to support ESL classroom learning. After defining what a weblog is, I will proceed to show how weblogs can be put into immediate use in the ESL classroom by means of three distinct types: the tutor weblog, learner weblog, and class weblog. I will also mention the software available for creating and maintaining weblogs.") - Aaron Patric Campbell (The Internet TESL Journal, Feb. 2003)

Weblogs in Education - David Carraher (9 Apr. 2003)

Weblogs in Education: Bringing the World to the Liberal Arts Classroom ("A new, easy-to-use web publishing tool known as a weblog allows users to publish content to the web from their browsers, providing users with an unprecedented ability to participate in the internet community. In the true liberal arts tradition, teachers and students are using these tools to effectively break down the walls of the classroom, integrating teaching and learning with local and virtual communities.") - Sarah Lohnes (The NITL News, Winter 2003)

Weblogs in English Teaching Education ("discussion at JALT 2005 "Sharing our stories") - James M. Hall (Oct. 2005)

Weblogs: The Possibilities are Limitless! - Anne Davis (presentation at NECC 2004)

      What are the possibilities for weblogs in education?

Web logs in Education FAQ - Will Richardson (weblogg-ED, 15 Feb. 2003)

Welcome to the 'new' Web, same as the 'old' Web ("...News feed readers are less about "news" as they are an alternative on-ramp to the Web...") - Christine Boese ( Technology, 15 Jul. 2003)

What are the Differences Between Message Boards and Weblogs? - Lee LeFever (24 Aug. 2004)

What are weblogs? - Dave Winer (4 Jun. 2001)

What are weblogs? - Dave Winer (Nov. 2001)

What is audioblogging? - Mitch Ratcliffe (13 Sep. 2002)

What is RSS?

What is RSS? (basic tips) - Barbara Bray (techLearning, 23 Aug. 2005)

      An introduction to RSS news feeds - James Lewin (IBM, 1 Nov. 2000)

What's all the Fuss with RSS? - Alan Levine (Jul. 2003)

What's The Fuss with RSS? (numerous links)

What makes a weblog a weblog? - Dave Winer (23 May 2003)

What We're Doing When We Blog - Meg Hourihan (13 Jun. 2002)

When Blogging Goes Bad: A Cautionary Tale About Blogs, Email Lists, Discussion, and Interaction - Steven D. Krause

When Weblogs Can Be Harmful ("...we are approaching a historic moment when we will be able to gather far more information about what people know much more quickly. In the abstract, this is a good thing. But does it always lead to the practical effect of better decision-making? I think not...") - Michael Feldstein (eLearn Magazine, 27 Aug. 2004)

Who Are You? Weblogs and Academic Identity ("This article explores what it means to have an online identity in the light both of works by two commentators on identity in the postmodern world, Madan Sarup and Walter Truett Anderson, and of the author’s own experience of blogging over the past five years. Weblogs, while they afford opportunities for identity construction and reconfiguration, can end up changing their authors’ sense of identity in ways they may not expect.") - Rory Ewins (E-Learning, 2005)

Who says elementary students can't blog? - Anne Davis (11 Nov. 2004)

Why blog in the classroom? - Charles Lowe (26 Apr.2003)

Why Weblogs? ("Ideas from various sources") - Will Richardson (2003)

Writing with Web Logs ("An emergent genre is making a space for students to publish online...") - Kristen Kennedy (Tech Learning, 15 Feb. 2003)

Writing with Weblogs: Reinventing Student Journals ("...Blogs offer a communication medium that is more structured than an e-mail list and more focused than a discussion board. The structure creates a framework for social networks and taps a basic human desire to interact and communicate. The thousands who join the blogging revolution each week testify to the potential of the new medium. The instructional potential is striking.") - Glen Bull, Gina Bull, and Sara Kajder (L&TT, Sep. 2003)


Blog hosts/Bloggers (free)  

20six ("is the UK's largest weblogging community". It's free)

21Publish ("the turnkey solution to start your own brabded blog community")

audblog ("a service that provides bloggers with the ability to post audio to their blogs from any phone. At the end of the trial sign up we will provide you with the telephone number...all you have to do is call the number and the world   hears you")

audioBlogger ("provides bloggers with the ability to post audio to their blogs from any phone")

      How does Audio Blogger work? - Jeremy Allaire (last updated 1 Jun. 2004)

      How to Blog by Phone Using AudioBlogger - Sheila Coggins (


      Blog-City Support

Blogger ("offers you instant communication power by letting you post your thoughts to the web whenever the urge strikes")

      How to create a BLOG using Blogger - Vance Stevens (31 Aug. 2003)

      Blogger for Word (plug-in download)

      Blogger for Word (Blogger co-founder on th new feature; 16 Aug. 2005)

blogigo ("the place for stories")

Bloglines (free Web-based news aggregator; "Create a personal Bloglines page loaded with the freshest news about the things you love")

    Adding RSS feeds to MY Yahoo page - Jeremy Zawodny

    Using Bloglines (or How to keep up with dozens of blogs every day) - Preetam Rai (25 Apr. 2005)

BlogMatrix ("Blogging solutions for podcasting and videocasting")


Blogroots (resources on blog hosts)

Blog Software Breakdown ("This chart displays attributes of different user-installed blog software packages side-by-side for comparison. Only server-installed scripts will be included in this list. (Sorry, no Radio, Blogger, etc.) I created this chart to help figure out what blog tool best suited my needs. Hopefully, it will be useful to the self-hosted blogging community as well.")




Buzznet (photoblogging)

ClassChatter ("a free web log service designed specifically for the classroom. puts powerful management tools in the hands of the teacher while protecting students' privacy and identities. Students are added into virtual "class" by a teacher or instructor where they may keep a personal blog, interact with fellow students' blogs or react to topical blogs created by the teacher. Classchatter is created and run by a full time teacher")

DiaryLand (free blogs for educational professionals)


FeedReader ("a lightweight open-source aggregator that supports RSS and ATOM formats")

FeedSweep ("a new, free service that allows anyone to include news feeds on his or her web site")

Flickr (photoblogging) (photoblogging)

Freevlog (a videoblog)

Greymatter ("with fully-integrated comments, searching, file uploading and image handling, completely customisable output through dozens of templates and variables, multiple author support, and many other features—while having perhaps the simplest installation process and easiest-to-use interface of any program offering this level of functionality")

Kablog (photo/moblogging software for mobile phone handsets) (free blogs for K-12 students) - James Farmer (28 Oct. 2005)

    Free Blogs for Schools

LiveJournal ("... is a simple-to-use (but extremely powerful and customizable) personal publishing ("blogging") tool...)

      Blog/Host Provider Review: LiveJournal - Sheila Coggins (


Movable Type ("... customizable publishing system which installs on web servers to enable individuals or organizations to manage and update weblogs, journals, and frequently-updated website content")


      What are SchoolBlogs? (Jan. 2002)

Scrapblog ("create a world for your pictures")



Technorati (a search engine for blogs)



UniBlogs ("free blogs for university students") - James Farmer

Weblog Kitchen

WordPress & WordPress ("an easy and powerful way to start blogging")



Blogs in Education  

APCampbell: Under the Influence of Epoche (language teaching, psychology and various reflections) - Aaron Campbell

Bee Online (a meeting place for students to share opinions and relax) - Barbara Dieu

bgblogging - Barbara Ganley

Blog-EFL ("Observations and comments about the use of weblogs with students and teachers in ELT") - Graham Stanley (Jul. 2003)

Blogs & CMSs - Charles Lowe (a KairosNews blog)

Brandon's Online Magazine ("a collection of weblogs and podcasts written by Mr. Mayo's students at Brandon Middle School in Virginia Beach, VA.")

Brazil and Brazilians Connected - Carla Arena (2006)

CALL Lessons 2003-2004 - Teresa Almeida d'Eça and students

CALL Lessons 2004-2005 - Teresa Almeida d'Eça and students

CALL Lessons 2005-2006 - Teresa Almeida d'Eça and students

Class Blogmeister - David Warlick

Cool Cat Teacher Blog ("Teaching content with new tools, enthusiasm, and belief that teaching is a high calling.") - Vicki A. Davis

Curb Cut Learning: Accessibility, Universal Design and Distance Education - Christopher Phillips

EBN - Educational Bloggers Network

EdBlogger Praxis ("Examples of Educator, Pre-Service, EFL, Classroom, Collaborative, Project , etc, weblogs that are online") - Alberto Delgado

EDTEC700: Blogging in the Classroom - Bernie Dodge (Sep. 2004)

EduBlog Insights ("Comments, Reflections and occasional Brainstorms") - Anne Davis (2004)

Edublog WebRing - beta - James Farmer

Educational Technology Blog - Ray Schroeder (UIS)

Educational Weblogs ("Disruptive Technology Resource for Educators using Weblogs, Blogware, Collaborative tools, RSS & Podcasting, web services and digital tools at home, school, university and community.") - Al Delgado

EFL Practices - Aaron Campbell (includes ideas on using audioblogs) (collection of blogs about England)


Getting to know Brazil ("This is a blog to be used by 3rd graders from Wisconsin, USA, to learn more about Brazil. Ana Maria and her students from Brazil will be answering questions and sharing information with American students") - Ana Maria (Nov. 2006)

Have Fun with English! (for Teresa's EFL 5th and 6th graders) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça and students (2004-2005)

Have Fun with English! 2 (for Teresa's EFL 5th graders) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça and students (2006) - "Best Teacher Blog 2006" Edublog Award (17 Dec. 2006)

ICT in my Classroom - Tom Barrett (Jul. 2006)

jill/txt - Jill Walker

Learning & Technology Blogs (compiled bu eçearnspace)

Let's Blog! (for Teresa's EFL 7th graders) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça and students (2003)

McToonish - Heather M. Ross


OLDaily - Stephen Downes

Online Learning Update - Ray Schroeder (UIS)

Personal Reflections on Writing - Christine Meloni, Donald Weasenforth and students (7 Sep. 2005)

    Introductions and Chat - Christine Meloni, Donald Weasenforth and students (13 Sep. 2005)

    Economic Disparity - Christine Meloni, Donald Weasenforth and students (21 Sep. 2005)

    Same-Sex Marriage - Christine Meloni, Donald Weasenforth and students (1 Oct. 2005)

    Language at Work! - Christine Meloni, Donald Weasenforth and students (17 Oct. 2005)

Priestsic6 ("year 6's classroom blog) - Tom Barrett

SchoolBlogs - Peter Ford and Adam Curry

Schoolmaster's Blog ("trying to find out the potential of this blogging / podcasting tool for my teaching") - Uwe Klemm

Stepehen's Web - Stephen Downes

tBlog - Idioms are Fun! - Anne Davis

Teaching and Developing Online - Darren Cannell

Teaching English with Picture Books ("I teach English to kids (3-11) using an activity-based approach. My syllabus is led by the picture books (sometimes referred to as REALBOOKS) that I choose to focus on (one picture book may be featured in a series of lessons). This blog will describe some of the activities (action rhymes, songs, games and craft activities) that I did with some of the picture books I've used so far...") - Lucy Mellersh

Techlearning blog

Techno-News Blog (UIS)

Techszewski: A Digital Storytelling Blog - Tom Banaszewski

The Blogmeister - David Warlick (2005)

The English Blog: For Learners and teachers of English - Jeffery Hill

The Bardwell Road Centre Podcast ("for English language students by English language students") - Geoff Taylor (Jan. 2006)

Theme Tourism (produced by teachers and students of 'Turismo Sant Ignasi', Barcelona, Spain; "This weblog and accompanying podcast will look at a variety of different themes used to promote tourism today, and will be examining under the surface to see what issues are at stake, and what makes a particular theme successful or unsuccessful") - Graham Stanley

The New Tanuki (. . .for Aaron's EFL learners) - Aaron P. Campbell

The Write Weblog - Anne Davis

Thinking and Writing Wrinkles (ESL & Native English Classmates Learning Together) - Anne Davis

Video-chat unit blog (for 'English for Architecture' students in Caracas, Venezuela)- Dafne González (2003)

weblogg-ed ("using weblogs in Education") - Will Richardson

Weblogs at Harvard Law

WebQuest Portal (a weblog about webquests)

Wells Elementary and Blogging (k-4 students, 21st Century Digital Literacy Skills,Audio Notes) - Cheryl Oakes


  Blogs in Education (in Portuguese)  

Alunos, Computadores e Aprendizagens ("partilhar ideias e experiências sobre a utilização pedaggica dos computadores no 1. Ciclo")

As Nossas Vozes (3. Ciclo: Mar. 2005)

Blog da reciclagem (1. Ciclo: Out. 2005)

Blog dos Golfinhos (2.-3. ano, Jan. 2005)

Blogs na Educação ("Um blog para mostrar que os blogs têm utilidade na Educação. Pretendo reunir experiências, dar pistas para o uso de blogs e discutir a possível construção colectiva do conhecimento, através da partilha, comunicação e interacção.") - José Oliveira


Diário do Gato Malhado - Teresa Pombo (2006)

Ilusões de óptica (7.C, Esc. Secundária da Póvoa do Lanhoso: Out 2005)

Internet e Web na Educação ("Blogs, sites e recursos educativos") - Fátima Franco)

Na Biblogteca - Teresa Pombo (Jun. 2005)


O Cantinho das Cegonhas (1. Ciclo)

O Nosso Clube (de Ciências: diário de bordo da professora)

    Clube de Ciências (registo das actividades pelos alunos)

Utilização Educativa da Internet (Mar. 2005)

  Other Blogs  

Audioblogging 2.0 ("communities of new audioblog posts and podcasts") - Harold Gilchrist

Blogdex ("the most contagious information currently spreading in the weblog community")

Brilliant Ignorance ("Essential freeware for the PC user") - Sudeep Bansal

Eastwikkers ("a group blog on technology, communications, and the place where they meet")

Hitchhikr ("we can't always make it to the conferences we need to attend to mix with the people we need to see -- face-to-face. This is why Hitchhikr was invented, to provide you with a virtual space where, thanks to blogs, podcasts, and RSS, we can connect, share, respond, and grow knowledge out beyond the place and time of the event") - David Warlick

Learning Circuits Blog ("learn like you've never learned before!")

Learning with Computers

Musings - Sharon Peters

TED (Technology Entertainment Design) Talks - Sir Ken Robinson

The Savvy Technologist

Waste of Bandwidth - Andy Carvin

WebToolsforLearners ("Web 2.0 tools for formal and informal learners: students, teachers business people and others")

Women of Web 2.0


  Blog Etiquette  

A Blogger's Code of Ethics - Jonathan Dube (CyberJournalist)

Eats, Blogs and Leaves - Jennifer Garrett (Aug. 2004)

Weblog Ethics - Rebecca Blood


  Guides & Tips  

Blogging Rules for Teens - Larry Magid

Blog Literacy ("If we are going to encourage students to become connected to social networks, we must also teach them strategies for handling the deluge of data they are going to experience. At the end of the day, they still have examinations to pass, and they don't have unlimited time. Here are a few suggestions which may be of use when it comes to reading blogs.") (techLearning, 6 Jun. 2006)

Blog Peripherals: Enhancing your Blog's Presence - Miguel Guhlin (techLearning, 17 Jul. 2006)

Free Blog Software / Hosting

Moderating blog comments (techLearning, 6 Jul. 2006)

Safe Blogging Advice for Parents - Larry Magid

Tag, You're It! (techLearning, 7 Jun. 2006)

Teens Guide to Safe Blogging - Larry Magid

Ten habits of bloggers that win! - Vicki A. Davis, aka Cool Cat Teacher

Weblog Usability: The Top Ten Design Mistakes - Jakob Nielsen (17 Oct. 2005)

What Parents Need to Know About Blogging - Anne Collier

Your Students Are Blogging - Larry Magid



Blog On: Building Online Communities with Web Logs - Todd Stauffer (2002)

Blogging: Genius Strategies for Instant Web Content - Biz Stone (2002)

Essential Blogging - Shelley Powers, Cory Doctorow et al. (O'Reilly, 2002)

      Essential Blogging (sample chapter: 'Advanced Blogger')

Our ABC Blook on Blogging - The Wrinkles Weblog Group

Running Weblogs with Slash - chromatic et al. (O'Reilly)

The Weblog Handbook: Practical Advice on Creating and Maintaining your Blog - Rebecca Blood (2002)

We Blog: Publishing Online with Weblogs - Paul Bausch et al. (2002)

We've Got Blog: How Weblogs are Changing our Culture (a collection of 34 essays) - Intro by Rebecca Blood (2002)


Courses and Workshops  

Creating an IP Weblog Course Outline

      Additional Readings and Resources (a collection of links)

ESL/EFL Weblogs - Anne Davis et al. (Jan.-Feb. 2004)

Motivating Student Writing with Weblogs - Bernie Dodge

Videoblogging Yahoo Group

Weblog Workshop - Anne Davis (last updated 28 Aug. 2003)



About blogging - John Lovas

About Weblogg-ed ("...This site is dedicated to discussions and reflections on the use of Weblogs, wikis, RSS, and other Internet-related technologies in the K-12 classroom...) - Will Richardson

Are your Students Blogging Today? What is a Blog, Anyway?

A Weblog Webliography - Charles Lowe (KairosNews, Apr. 2005)

Big List of Blog Search Engines ("...all the blog search engines, directories, and web-based RSS aggregators I could find, along with brief instructions on getting your site listed...") - Ari Paparo ("Blogcount asks: How big is the blogosphere? What is its shape, color, true nature? Blogcount catalogs efforts to answer these questions. We collect and organize the best reports and analyses on this subject.")

Blog Providers (Blog EFL/ESL)

Blog Resources (Guardian Unlimited)

Blog Search Engine

Blogging Resource Links

Blog Software Breakdown ("attributes of different user-installed blog software packages side-by-side for comparison")

Blogging Software and Tools

Blogs (Gallaudet University)

Blogs in Education

Commented Links to Papers and Articles

Edubloggers Frapper map

Educational Weblog Articles - Compiled by Anne Davis

Feedster ("searching Today's Internet for listings, news, and blogs")

Finding Blogs, Blog Posts, RSS Feeds and RSS Entries - Compiled by Darlene Fichter (2004)

Into the Blogosphere ("This online, edited collection explores discursive, visual, social, and other communicative features of weblogs. Essays analyze and critique situated cases and examples drawn from weblogs and weblog communities. Such a project requires a multidisciplinary approach, and contributions represent perspectives from Rhetoric, Communication, Sociology, Cultural Studies, Linguistics, and Education, among others...") - L. Gurak et al. (eds.) (2004)

Maria Jordano's links to blogs on education, EFL&ESL, blog development, etc

Multi User Weblogging - what are your options - James Farmer


Teaching Teachers to use weblogs effectively - Links compiled by Thomas Leverett and Jessica Montgomerie (Mar. 2005)

Technorati ("brings you what's happening on the web right now")

The bdodge EduBlogging Archive

Weblog Articles

Weblog Links - Anne Davis

Web Log Software, Platforms and Hosts (articles & resources,

Weblogs Compendium ("... everything you need to know about weblogs/blogs: hosting services, tools, directories, definitions, RSS readers and resources...")

Weblogs Compendium: Blog Tools (a blog glossary)

Weblogs in Education (Technology Focus Online, Apr/May 2004)

Weblogs in the Classroom (CMIS)

WWW2004: Workshop on the Weblogging Ecosystem: Aggregation, Analysis and Dynamics (links to the presentations) (18 May 2004)



Blogging Basics: Creating Student Journals on the Web ("You will learn what blogging is and how to create classroom blogs for you and your students.") - Lorrie Jackson (Education World, 14 May 2003)

Blogging with Blogger (Open University OLRC)

Blogs for Education - Seb Schmoller (2005)

Getting Started with Blogger: A Tutorial from the Folks at Feedster

How to Create an RSS Feed With Notepad, a Web Server, and a Beer - Stephen Downes (29 Jul. 2003)

How to set up a classroom blog using Class Blogmeister: Initial Setup - Vicki A. Davis, aka Cool Cat Teacher (23 Feb. 2006)

How to Start a Blog - Phillip J. Windley (Dec. 2004)

RSS Tutorial for Content Publishers and Webmasters - Mark Nottingham (7 Sep. 2005)

Setting up your Blog with - Bernie Dodge (Apr. 2004)

Using Bloglines (or How to keep with dozens of blogs every day) - Preetam Rai (25 Apr. 2005)

Using Blosxom to Create a Weblog on Darkwing - Mary Harrsch (last updated 2 Apr. 2004)


  Twitter: Microblogging  

Twitter Homepage


11 Useful Twitter Tools That Don’t Require Your Password

13 Twitter Tips and Tutorials for Beginners

Learn how to search Twitter

Twitter in Plain English


Twitter for Teachers (wiki)

    ESL/EFL Projects   

    Getting Started

    Training Resources & Links

    What is Twitter?


Other resources

Edu Tech Twitter Group (discussion group)

Plurk (social network)

TweetDeck ("a desktop application that looks to capture the abundance of social media and display it in a unique columned user interface")

Twitter4Teachers (wiki)



Adjusting to MOOs - Nick Carbone

A Taxonomy of Educational Chats for EFL/ESL - Dafne González (Paper presented at Primer Congreso Virtual de Aprendizaje con Tecnologia: May 2003)

Chat Services with a Voice ("This paper investigates techniques to provide additional dimension to student-student and student- teacher interaction at an academic institute. The technologies adopted also take into account the constraints posed by the Internet infrastructure that is widely used for this interaction and the affordability of the solution for the user community.  The research adopts an approach that does not involve the user community to subscribe to higher bandwidth connections. The research involved a background study of current tools and software packages to integrate voice and image functionality into a chat service...") - Hira Sathu et al. (Learning Technology, Jul. 2001)

Computer Mediated Communication: A Window on L2 Spanish Interlanguage ("The Interaction Hypothesis states that the conditions for SLA are crucially enhanced by having L2 learners negotiate meaning (i.e., resolve their miscommunications) with other speakers, native or otherwise. . . Fifty intermediate L2 Spanish learners were asked to carry out networked discussions in pairs during their lab time using a synchronous chat program. . . The findings suggest that computer mediated communication (CMC) can provide many of the alleged benefits ascribed to the Interaction Hypothesis. . . The study demonstrates, however, the value of synchronous chat records as a window for investigating interlanguage") - Robert Blake (LL&T, May 2000)

Culturally Speaking Online: How daunting can it be for EFL Students in Taiwan? - Aiden Yeh (2002)

Development of Communication Conventions in Instructional Electronic Chats - Karen L. Murphy and  Mauri P. Collins (Journal of Distance Education, 1997)

Educational Chat: Chat and the ESL Class (presentation) - John H. Steele (2001)

Enhancing collaboration through chat in ESP: A conversation analysis ("Text and/or voice chat rooms are ideal spaces for interaction, collaboration and negotiation of meaning. However, they have not been fully exploited in language teaching. This study shows the results of a conversation analysis of 24 transcriptions of text chat sessions where architecture students were carrying out collaborative group work. The researchers wanted to discover the discourse patterns and conversational strategies used by the students in this online context to study their possible repercussions in English learning. The results suggest that the students were building the kind of discourse that is thought to lead to language learning.") - Dafne González and Leticia Esteves (Teaching English with Technology, May 2006)

Five Messages about IM (business oriented) - Daniel J. Horgan (, 4 Nov. 2001)

From MOO to MEOWs: Domesticating technology for online communities ("TAPPED IN is an on-line teacher professional development (TPD) research testbed designed to meet the needs of a large and diverse community of education professionals. The MOO technology that supports the testbed has demonstrated sustainability, usability, desirability, and utility across a wide-rage of activities and users. However, we are quickly coming up against technology scaling and integration issues as our community grows and demands new collaborative capabilities emerging on the Internet. Informed by our experience with TAPPED IN and reviews of related work, we are developing a new online "community-ware" technology called MEOW (Multi-user Educational Online Workspace) which can scale to handle large virtual communities") - Patricia Schank, Jamie Fenton, Mark Schlager and Judi Fusco (Dec. 1999)

Giving Exams in an Online Chat Room - Janet K. M. Marta (Jan. 2002)

Godzilla Can MOO, Can You? MOOs for Construction, Collaboration & Community Research ("... This article briefly examines MOOs and advances the argument that language educators who profess an educational philosophy of constructivism, collaboration, and community, and who want to further their own professional development would be well advised to consider using MOOs...") - Larry B. Davies, Lesley Shield and Markus J. Weininger (TLT, Feb. 1998)

IM is here. RU prepared? ("Instant messaging software isn't just for teenagers. Businesses that adopt it foster speedy communication and collaboration.... Questions get answered immediately, ad hoc discussions and debates take place online instead of during meandering in-person meetings, and small problems are solved before they have the time to turn into big problems.") (business oriented) - Scott Kirsner (Darwin, Feb. 2002)

In-Room Chat as a Social Tool - Clay Shirky (O'Reilly Network, 26 Dec. 2002)

Instant Messaging - Collaborative Tool or Educator's nightmare! ("...this paper reviews some of the good, the bad, and the ugly about instant messaging and some of the benefits and drawbacks of instant messaging in educational settings") - Robert Farmer (2003)

Instant Messaging for Instant Communications - Reid Goldsborough (PMA, Apr. 2001)

Instant Messaging for Instant Communications - Reid Goldsborough (DWC, May 2001)

Instant Messaging in Higher Education: A New Faculty Development Challenge ("...This presentation examines potential applications in higher education, and presents a training model to maximize faculty and staff use of the technology.") - Ellen R. Cohn (2002)

Instructional Use of Skype in an Online Graduate Program ("This paper examines instructional use of Skype®, a synchronous communication freeware program, in two graduate Web-based courses in an Educational Technology program. Skype® was piloted and adopted to conduct group deliberations. To collect student feedback, open-ended questions were used and informal Skype conversations with course participants were made. Preliminary findings suggest that the freeware program is deemed an effective tool to build synchronous interaction and to provide just-in-time clarification and information. Significance, recommendations, and challenges are addressed.") - Cheng-Chang (Sam) Pan (TCC 2005)

Interacção em chat: que futuro em sala de aula de língua estrangeira? ("Numa pequena investigação que levámos a cabo com alunos de pós-graduação que frequentam o Mestrado em Didáctica de Línguas (em Setúbal) e em Didáctica de Línguas no 1º Ciclo (em Aveiro), no ano lectivo de 2004/2005, procedemos a uma recolha, através de questionário, das suas convicções acerca da ferramenta do chat, em geral.

A análise das respostas, baseada nas representações dos alunos acerca da interacção neste meio virtual, revelou que, na generalidade, os sujeitos não lhes atribuem nem parecem vislumbrar potencialidades didácticas decorrentes do seu uso. Todavia, outros estudos (por exemplo, ABRAMS; ANDRADE, ARAÚJO e SÁ & MELO; BLAKE; CHAPELLE), remetendo para a utilização dos chats com finalidades didácticas em sala de aula de línguas, apontam para a validade do recurso a esta ferramenta, com resultados promissores a vários níveis, nomeadamente, do desenvolvimento da competência de comunicação, da competência plurilingue e da aprendizagem colaborativa.

Tentaremos, nesta comunicação, confrontar estas duas perspectivas, apontando possibilidades de integração do uso dos chats em sala de aula de línguas. ") - Sílvia Melo e Ida Rebelo (2005) (in Portuguese)

Introducing EFL Students to Chat Rooms ("This article contains four lesson plans that show language learners how to use chat rooms for language learning purposes. This paper covers the following: A. Pedagogical rationale for using chat rooms as language learning tool. B. Difficulties language learners have with chat rooms. C. Lesson plans for four activities. D. References.") - Jo Mynard (2002)

It's good to talk - Facilitating discussions and chats in WebCT ("The following is an account my experiences of tutoring a module using this college’s VLE, WebCT. The WebCT course was actually set up as a project for the MA in Education in e-learning at the University of Hull and ran in the summer term of 2003. What distinguishes this ‘course’ or module was that the delivery and management was entirely online...") - Martin Compton (Ferl, 14 Jul.2004)

LanguageMOO: A multi-user object-oriented domain for second language education ("Advances in computer mediated communications (CMC) technologies have fostered the emergence of tools that enable synchronous communication. One class of these tools popularly known as MOOs, (multi-user domains object-orientated) utilize open source software to create learning environments in which users can interact synchronously and create virtual objects and content within the context of a virtual world...") - Mark Peterson (Learning Technology, Oct. 2002)

Live interviews in voice chat with intermediate ESL students (a lesson plan) - Christina Jones (Teaching English with Technology, May 2006)

Making Online Sense of the Chat Room Environment (.ppt presentation) - Mandi Axmann, Cynthia Calongne, Dawn Cox and Bernard Poole (Apr. 2003)

MOO for English Education (MOO (Multi-user dungeon/domain Object Oriented) is a text based virtual environment especially good for language acquisition. As text MOO has developed into web MOO, its interface has become more user-friendly with sound and pictures. With its well-designed interfaces and well-programmed objects, MOO can provide great synchronous and asynchronous activities both for educators and learners. Today MOO can offer not only an interactive e-learning classroom for students to work on project based activities like text chat, treasure hunt, room design, games… etc., but also an online community for teacher professional development like group (mailing list), discussion board, online session/conference…") - Cheng-chao Su a.k.a Venny Su (Mar. 2005)

MOOing in a foreign language: how, why, and who? ("A MOO is a telnet-accessible text-based virtual environment in which synchronous communication takes place between "players" logged on at the same time. The acronym stands for "Multi-user domain, Object-Oriented." MOO-space is created by players who use MOO commands, normally in English, to write text that describes "objects" such as characters, rooms, and things. The players may interact with and manipulate the objects, or they may simply "talk" with each other in the created spaces. Simple commands allow players to discover who else is currently logged on, to name and describe themselves, to communicate with other players, and to write text conveying non-linguistic cues such as emotions, physical appearance and actions...") - Lonnie Turbee (Jun. 1996)

MOOs and Language Learning ("...Synchronous communication between language learners is now possible, using either 'chat' programs such as Internet Relay Chat [IRC] or MOO.  Here, we briefly introduce and examine the advantages of using MOO for language learning") - Lesley Shield, Markus J. Weininger, and Lawrence B. Davies (May 1999)

MUDs, MOOs, WOOs and IRC ("...The most significant difference between these and other modes of Internet-based communication is that 'events' (such as replying to what someone has written) happen in 'real-time', that is they are primarily synchronous modes. This paradigm has a number of consequences, for better or worse, that make communication somewhat different from the more 'static' modes, such as email and newsgroups. This section will concentrate primarily on MUDs and MOOs and WOOs, since they appear to be the most appropriate for teaching.") - Stuart D. Lee et al. (1999)

Negotiation of Meaning and Codeswitching in Online Tandems ("The prime objective of the study was to give those students who participated in the online exchanges a chance to meet with native speakers of their target language in real time and to investigate if the concept of tandem learning . . . could be successfully transferred from e-mail-based discourse to a format in which the learners could interact with each other in real time over a computer network") - Markus Kötter (LL&T, May2003)

No Talking, Please, Just Chatting: Collaborative Writing with Computers - Marsha Chan (1996)

Noticing and Text-Based Chat ("This study examined the capacity of text-based online chat to promote learners’ noticing of their problematic language productions and of the interactional feedback from their interlocutors. In this study, twelve ESL learners formed six mixed-proficiency dyads. The same dyads worked on two spot-the-difference tasks, one via online chat and the other through face-to-face conversation. Stimulated recall sessions were held subsequently to identify instances of noticing. It was found that text-based online chat promotes noticing more than face-to-face conversations, especially in terms of learners’ noticing of their own linguistic mistakes.") - Chun Lai and Yong Zhao (LL&T, Sep. 2006)

Online Communication Tools that Promote Language Learning and Foster Professional Development - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (Polifonia, 2004)

Online Lectures: Benefits for the Virtual Classroom ("...Most courses would benefit from the addition of synchronous communication. This form of communication usually occurs in an online chat room where the students and instructor gather at a specific time to communicate directly with one another.... In this article we focus on the merits of regularly scheduled chat room interactions as an important component for Web-based instruction...") - Alvin Wang and Michael Newlin (T.H.E. Journal, Aug. 2001)

Perceptions of Anonymity in a Language Learning Text Chat Room - Karen Bond (Jan. 2002)

Processes and Outcomes in Networked Classroom Interaction: Defining the Research Agenda for L2 Computer-Assisted Classroom Discussion ("The present paper focuses on the use of one networked technology, namely synchronous computer-mediated interaction, in the second language (L2) classroom. The scope is intentionally limited to research concerned with evaluating the potential benefits of computer-assisted classroom discussion (CACD) in terms of second language acquisition (SLA) theory...") - Lourdes Ortega (LL&T, Jul. 1997)

Promoting Synchronous Interaction in an e-Learning Environment ("Cyber-instructors continually seek instructional tools that will hold students’ attention, and make online communications more efficient and effective. Skype is the latest one to test"; includes 7 instructor recommendations for Skype use) - Cheng-Chang (Sam) Pan and Michael Sullivan (THE Journal, Sep. 2005)

Rationale for chat in language learning - Vance Stevens and Yaodong Chen (Sep. 2002)

SchMOOze University: A virtual learning environment ("One of the major developments in the field of computer assisted language learning (CALL) in recent years has been the emergence of MOOs -- virtual learning environments (VLES) that bring together groups of learners for real-time text-based communication. This review will focus on a description of SchMOOze University, a World Wide Web-based ESL MOO.") - Mark Peterson (TESL-EJ, Dec. 2000)

Strategies for Using Chat as a Communication Tool (ION)

Synchronous virtual environments in computer-assisted language learning (CALL): New pedagogical approaches ("...This paper will examine some of the ways in which MOO virtual worlds are being utilized in second language education.") - Mark Peterson (Learning Technology, Jul. 2003)

"Talking" on the Internet: SchMOOze University (how to get started with SchMOOze) - Deborah Healey (1997)

      How To at SchMOOze - Deborah Healey (Nov. 1997)

      Using SchMOOze in the Classroom - Deborah Healey (Dec. 1997)

Teacher autonomy in MOOs: supporting language teaching in collaborative virtual environments ("In this paper we will first discuss the concepts of learner and teacher autonomy, before looking at some of the issues that involve the introduction of computer-assisted language learning in teacher education, and some of its current drawbacks. We will then look at web-enhanced object-oriented Multiple-User Domains (MOO) as an example of Internet-based virtual reality and argue that they can ideally support the autonomous learner and teacher. Finally, we will give an example of a tandem-based language learning project that involves Information and Communication Technology (ICT) students...") - K. Schwienhorst (JITTE, 1999)

Teaching and Learning through Chat: A Taxonomy of Educational Chat for EFL/ESL ("Chat are synchronic communicative spaces which are incorporated into online  activities, especially in EFL/ESL courses, due to the possibilities to interact with native and non-native speakers of the L2 they offer participants. Teachers interested in using chat for educational purposes should know the characteristics of  different chat tasks according to the objective, role of moderator, and structure of the  interaction to be generated, in order to plan their activities accordingly. This paper introduces a taxonomy for educational chat which was designed based on the author’s experience using chat with language learners and in-service teachers.") - Dafne Gonzalez (IATEFL Poland Computer SIG Journal , Oct. 2003)

The Importance of Being Synchronous ("...As our classes become increasingly computer-mediated, as our students become increasingly computer-literate and willing to take courses online, the dislocations caused by these sea-changes must concern us as teachers. As we consider using asynchronous or synchronous computer-mediated communication in our online classes, questions about and challenges to our teaching methods and objectives confront us like an insistent blinking cursor.") - Joel Haefner (Apr. 2000)

The Use of Chat in EFL/ESL ("As many practitioners with exposure to the medium will agree, chat (or if you prefer, synchronous online communication) has much to offer language teachers and learners. In the article that follows, Teresa Almeida d'Eça presents her case for chat from the point of view of a teacher with positive experiences and a balanced awareness of the potential of the medium.") - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (TESL-EJ, Jun. 2003)

The Webheads Community of Language Learners Online - Vance Stevens and Arif Altun (7 Nov. 2001)

To chat or not to chat in the EFL classroom, that is the question! - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (2002)

To Chat or to Chatter: Making Online Sense of theChat Room Environment ("...What are some of the reservations that professors might have about using the Chat Room? Why include the Chat Room as a tool in the online learning environment? What is the role of the instructor? What are the conditions for optimal learning in the context of the Chat Room? What is the role of immediacy and feedback? How can the Chat Room, in its various forms, cater to different learning styles?") - Bernard Poole (TCC 2003)

Using Chats in EFL: A Tool for Collaborative Learning ("The present article will aim to offer a personal practical vision on the use of chatrooms in Secundaria and Bachillerato. It will try to go all the way from an initial hypothesis to the demonstration of the usefulness of chatrooms in the FL curriculum by showing an experimental study.") - Gregorio Blanco Martín (The GRETA Magazine, 2002)

Using a Modular Approach to schMOOze with ESL/EFL Students ("...the current article proposes a modular approach for using schMOOze University, the premier MOO site for ESL/EFL...") - James Backer (TESL J, May 2001)

Using Native Speakers in Chat ("This study considers implications for distance language learning of negotiations by a group of intermediate learners of Italian interacting in dyads on a Web based Italian native speaker (NS) chat program. . .") - Vincenza Tudini (LL&T, Sep. 2003)

Virtually there: introduction to MOO - Lesley Shield and Markus J. Weininger (Mar. 1999)


Chat environments  

CMC clients promoting language learning through chatting online (information on numerous chat platforms) - Vance Stevens

Dave's ESL Cafe Chat Central

Instant Messaging, Chat and Telephony tools

Internet Audio Communication for Second Language Learning: A Comparative Review of Six Programs - Gary A. Cziko and Sujung Park (LL&T, Jan. 2003)


Guides, Guidelines, Hints, Resources, Tips...  

AussieMOO's Netiquette Guide - M. Fellows (1999)

Bringing K-12 Students into Tapped In

Chat as a Teaching Tool (ION, Nov. 1999)

Chat Information (help) - Deborah Healey (2001)

Chat Rooms for EFL/ESL Use (scroll halfway down until you find this heading) - a result of the "Good Practice Day" 2002 organized by the University of Leiden, Netherlands

Conferencing Online: an Overview - Deborah Healey (1998)

Guide to MOO Interface

Internet Relay Chat (IRC) - Telecollaborate!

      Chat Room Safety Tips (includes a list of chat rooms)- Tommy Payton (1999)

      State of The Union (a project incorporating IRC)

MOO Basics - Kathleen Fletcher-Bacer

Mr. C's MUVE Links - Jeff Cooper

Resources - compiled by Karen Murphy (2000)

Strategies for Teaching in MOOspaces - Claudine Keenan and Peter Sands

Strategies for Using Chat as a Communication Tool (ION, 2003)

      Pedagogic Uses

      Coping Strategies (for monitoring and conducting online text chat)

      Chat Etiquette - Jo Torgessen (1996)

Using Electronic Chats for Instructional Purposes - Karen L. Murphy and Mauri P. Collins (Mar. 1997)

Welcome to MOOs (helpful commands and links) - David Beach and Laurie Miller (Feb. 1997)



5 Steps to Problem Based Professional Development ("Problem-based learning, however, provides a different approach. It focuses you on a problem in which the premise and the characters in the story all come from the experiences of your students and real life.") - Miguel Guhlin (techLearning, 1 Apr. 2006)

7 Things you Should Know about Virtual Meetings (ELI, Feb. 2006)

8 Steps to 21st Century Learning ("Re-directing schools to adapt 21st Century Learning means change – which is not always easy. No matter how you look at it, change means rocking the boat. Along with the technology tools and skills that 21st Century Learning demands, come shifts in the way teachers think and teach in the classroom") - Lydotta Taylor and Jill Fratto (techLearning, 1 Dec. 2006)

10 Essential Strategies for Leading a Technology Department - Terry Freedman (TechLearning, 18Sep2008)

24 Hours in the Life of a Synchronous Trainer - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Mar. 2001)

A Comparison between a Distance and a Traditional Graduate Accounting Class - Margaret Gagne and Morgan Shepherd (THE Journal, Apr. 2001)

A Constructivist Method for the Analysis of Networked Cognitive Communication and the Assessment of Collaborative Learninf and Knowledge-Building ("This article presents a discourse analysis method designed to study networked cognitive communication processes in knowledge communities, such as conceptual change, higher order learning and knowledge building. The method is grounded on genetic epistemology and integrates constructivist and socio-constructivist theoretical concepts.") - Milton Campos (JALN, Apr. 2004)

A day in the Life of a Cybrarian: 36 hrs = 1 Day - BJ Berquist (2000)

A day in the life of an online language educator - Vance Stevens (TESL-EJ, Dec. 2002)

Addressing Faculty Concerns About Distance Learning ("Despite the rapid growth of distance learning programs, faculty are often resistant to moving their courses into a distance learning format. This article synthesizes the common sources of concern among resistant faculty as identified in the literature, the mechanisms to bridge those concerns, and evaluates the effectiveness of the administrative solutions for faculty support that have sought to address them.") - Jennifer McLean (OJDLA, Winter 2005)

A Framework for Design and Evaluation of Internet-Based Distance Learning Courses Phase One - Framework Justification, Design and Evaluation - Russell K. Baker (OJDLA, Summer 2003)

A Framework for Designing Questions for Online Learning (". . .Questioning is a significant instructional design element for the promotion of effective discussion. This article describes a theoretical framework for designing questions for starting online discussion and follow-up questions to maintain the discussion. This framework is placed within a broader context of discussion within a constructivist, online environment. . ." - Lin Muilenburg and Zane L. Berge (eModerators, Mar. 2002)

A Journey into Constructivism ("...I've constructed this text in an attempt to demonstrate my current understandings of constructivism, as well as the process by which my knowledge developed....") - Martin Dougiamas (Nov. 1998)

Andrological and Pedagogical Training Differences for Online Instructors - Heather S. Gibbons and George P. Wentworth (Jun. 2001)

A New Age of Education and Tutoring ("...The technology of the 21st century has made it possible to bring together the tutor and student into the same room, face to face, although they may be time zones apart. The computer does not teach the student but rather fosters the ability for teacher and pupil to work together in a one-on-one classroom setting, void of peer pressure but with a voluminous and highly effective level of direct instruction....") - Howard Heller (techLearning, 1 Ap. 2005)

An Online Learning Community: the students' perspective - Michael Coghlan and Vance Stevens (TCC2000, March 2000)

Assessing Consumer Attitudes toward Online Education - Sean Gallagher and Basar Poroy (Eduventures, May 2005)

Asynchronous Discussions: Importance, Design, Facilitation and Evaluation - Tracey Smith (ION, Nov.-Dec. 2002)

A Theory for eLearning - Mark Nichols (Mar. 2003)

A Virtual Treasure Trove ("The educational opportunities offered online can help students explore ancient Mayan ruins—or the reasons behind a poor essay grade") - Neal Starkman (THE Journal, Apr. 2007)

A Virtual Virtuoso: CathyAnne Murtha ("...The occasion is an online class, taught by CathyAnne Murtha, founder of the Access Technology Institute (ATI). The format is called voice chat, in which the students and teacher talk "live" to one another from points scattered around the country in a virtual classroom that renders distance irrelevant. The positive energy they create as a unified group is palpable....") - an interview by Deborah Kendrick (AccessWorld, Sep. 2004)

A White Paper: Achieving Success with Blended Learning ("...This white paper shares cutting-edge research and thinking on Blended Learning as it explores: What is blended learning? Why blend? How do you blend? Where does one start?") - Harvi Singh and Chris Reed (Centra Software, 2001)

Barriers to Distance Education and Training: Survey Results ("...This study supplies evidence of not only what barriers there are in distance education, but the priority given to them by various stakeholders and at different stages of organizational maturity regarding distance education and training. Implications include: 1) recognition that it is common for the perceived barriers to be greater in the initial stages of organizational maturity in distance education and training, and 2) it should be expected that the ranking of which obstacles are most important to solve will change as distance training and education within the organization becomes mission-critical.") - Zane L. Berge et al. (May 2002)

Baring Professional Souls: Reflections on Web Life ("Web-based practice is currently being described and analyzed extensively, but so far the literature shows few examples of frank, intrapersonal practitioner reflection about that practice. This reflective analysis of an online professional development event illustrates in three narratives and a meta-reflection how three practitioners negotiated the conceptual framework, the activity design, and the roles and presence of the two online facilitators....") - Elizabeth J. Burge et al. (JDE, 2000)

Becoming a Webhead: First Steps in Blended and Online EFL/ESL Teaching ("BaW is an online teacher training workshop about Web-based communication tools with the aim of introducing EFL/ESL teachers worldwide to this fascinating new world so that they can start blending them in their daily practice. In two years, 358 teachers around the world have joined the BaW online sessions and are now using technologies in their teaching practices. In this paper, we will unveil part of what went on before, during and after the BaW 2005 online workshop.") - Dafne Gonzalez and Teresa Almeida d'Eça (Teaching English with Technology, Jul. 2005)

Before Pedagogy: Issues for Language Educators in an Era of Technological Change ("...In this talk today I want to raise issues around the uses of computer technology in society in general, tying these more global issues to education. I am not going to review particular programs or educational packages; rather, I want to raise issues that we as educators need to discuss if we want the new technology to work for us. I am going to take the topic of this session as a jumping off point for what I consider to be basic issues educators must address concerning technological change.") - Denise E. Murray

Be Prepared for Anything in a Synchronous Environment - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, May 2000)

Beyond Simple (and Boring) Multiple-Choice Questions - Karl M. Kapp (Learning Circuits, Jul. 2007)

Big Tech on Campus ("The success of school-backed technology initiatives is critical for providers of digital lifestyle equipment and services, which test early-adoption patterns and scramble for mindshare among tech-heavy spenders. But there's a fine line between giving students access to cutting-edge technology and making them marketing guinea pigs, some critics warn...") - Marguerite Reardon (CNET News, 6 Sep. 2004)

Blended Collaborative Learning: Online Teaching of Online Educators ("...the author explores the advantages and disadvantages of using online learning environments to teach academic staff about teaching online and so shares his considerable experience in online education to suggest practical techniques for the online teaching of future online educators and in the process, creating effective blended collaborative learning educators.") - Gerard Prendergast (Apr. 2004)

Blended Learning ("...The following material resulted from an ANTA-funded project which set out to investigate blended learning through a series of interviews with teachers. Interviewees were encouraged to reflect on their blending practices and on what they’d learnt along the way. In every case the teachers quoted are out there doing it, exploring how they can take advantage of the possibilities of computers and the Internet.") (ANTA)

Blended Learning (, 2005)

Blended Learning (Wikipedia)

Blended Learning @ UNT

Blended Learning and Sense of Community: A Comparative Analysis with Traditional and Fully Online Graduate Courses ("Blended learning is a hybrid of classroom and online learning that includes some of the conveniences of online courses without the complete loss of face-to-face contact. The present study used a causal-comparative design to examine the relationship of sense of community between traditional classroom, blended, and fully online higher education learning environments. Evidence is provided to suggest that blended courses produce a stronger sense of community among students than either traditional or fully online courses.") - Alfred P. Rovai and Hope M. Jordan (IRODL, Aug. 2004)

Blended Learning: Choosing the Right Blend - Felicia Douglis

Blended Learning Design: Five Key Ingredients ("People are not single-method learners!” says e-learning guru Elliott Masie (cited in Rossett, 2002). Indeed, while specific “blended” offerings differ, industry consensus continues to point to the use of multiple modalities for learning. Masie puts it simply: “We are, as a species, blended learners.” If this is true–that people perform better when they have a mix of modalities and methods of learning–what defines the most effective mix? Will any combination of modalities do, or is there an “optimum blend,” a “sweet spot” to blended learning? In short, what is the most effective blended learning design? This paper suggests the need for five critical ingredients for blended learning, and uses both traditional and modern instructional design to back it up.") - Jared M. Carman (Oct. 2002)

Blended learning in the mixer ("...In coming to terms with blended learning, it’s helpful to start with what it is not. First of all, it is not providing learners with choices of how to undergo a piece of training ...") - Clive Shepherd (Above&Beyond, Dec. 2004)

Blended Learning Models ("The term blended learning is used to describe a solution that combines several different delivery methods, such as collaboration software, Web-based courses, EPSS, and knowledge management practices. Blended learning also is used to describe learning that mixes various event-based activities, including face-to-face classrooms, live e-learning, and self-paced learning. Unfortunately, there's no single formula that guarantees learning, but here are some guidelines from NIIT on how to order your learning activities.") - Purnima Valiathan (Learning Circuits, Aug. 2002)

Blended Learning Resources: Sloan-C ("Sloan-C will be using this web site to collect and share resources for educators and administrators involved with blended and hybrid learning")

Blended Learning Systems: Definition, Current Trends, and Future Directions ("So what is this “blended learning” that everyone is talking about? This chapter will provide a basic introduction to blended learning systems and share some trends and issues that are highly relevant to those who are implementing such systems. To accomplish these goals, the chapter will address five important questions related to blended learning systems...") - Charles R. Graham

Breaking the Barriers of Time and Space: More Effective Teaching Using e-Pedagogy ("...The opportunity to extend time and to reconfigure space in the online classroom creates the potential to improve teaching and enhance learning in unique ways...") - Peshe Kuriloff (Innovate, Oct./Nov. 2005)

Building a Course on the Run - Michael Coghlan (Dec. 2002)

Building a Stronger Faculty ("New and improving technologies can enhance professional development practices") - Pamela Wheaton Shorr (Scholastic, Mar-Apr. 2005)

Building a Web-Based Collaborative Learning Environment ("This paper presents the experiences from our first Web-based course, Introduction to MEMS, in the fall of 2004. The experience is evaluated from both the instructors’ and the students’ points of view, and the key elements for building a Web-based collaborative operative learning environment, such as effective team work, positive interdependence, leadership, and individual accountability, communication and leadership are discussed in order to promote student learning experiences. Our experiences indicate that collaborative learning at Web-based environment may give as good results as classroom learning or even better...") - Yi Jia (Jul. 2005)

Building Success for E-Learners (Part 1) (" to successfully implement five success factors that create success for e-learners...") - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Jul 2003)

      Motivating Online Learners (Part 2) - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Aug. 2003)

      Creating Collaboration (Part 3) - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Sep. 2003)

      Managing the Synchronous Blend (Part 4) - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Oct. 2003)

      Technology Impact on E-Learning - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Nov. 2003)

      Be An Active and Participative Instructor - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Dec. 2003)

Building Virtual Language Learning Communities - John H. Steele (14 Nov. 2002)

Building Your Personal Learning Network ("An important part of learning is to build your own personal learning network -- a group of people who can guide your learning, point you to learning opportunities, answer your questions, and give you the benefit of their own knowledge and experience.") - Daniel R. Tobin (1998)

Can Web-based Knowledge Sharing Tools Improve the Learning Process in an MBA Consulting Class? - Nory B. Jones and Mark Rice (THE Journal, Apr. 2000)

Case Methods for Online Learning ("Case analysis is a popular teaching strategy in higher education, particularly in professional degree programs such as business, social work, education, medicine, law, and policy studies. This strategy allows students to apply ideas, theories, and concepts to realistic problem-solving situations. In a virtual classroom, the world is just a click away. Because the online learning environment and the online world of professional life overlap, instructors have new opportunities to engage students. This tutorial will examine how guiding students through the analysis of case studies can enhance online learning...") - Janet Salmons (eLearn Magazine)

Case Study: Exploring Students and Instructor's Perceptions and Interactions in Online Classes ("This case study explores instructor and learner perceptions and attitudes toward interaction in online courses... Analysis of data reveals that although perceptions regarding interaction varied among all interviewed, all participants agreed the level of interactivity was at least adequate for learning") - Noppadol Prammanee (Learning Technology, Oct. 2002)

Cats in the classroom: Online learning in hybrid space ("Students and professors create a shared on–campus classroom environment through individual and collaborative contributions. Similar contributions go into the design of an online classroom. Online instructors build the learning environment to create a shared learning experience, and designers of course management software reinforce this consistency. Examining the online classroom as "hybrid space" — comprising physical and online space — reveals a more complex reality than a seamless learning environment. Students and instructors share a learning experience, but they also occupy local environments that influence their learning and indirectly influence the experience of everyone in the online class.") - Michelle M. Kazmer (First Monday, 5 Sep. 2005)

Classroom Discussions for the Twenty-first Century ("...we devised an experiment to test our thesis: that a moderated discussion forum would impact student writing. Our findings supported our initial belief - a moderated discussion forum does have a positive effect on student writing abilities. This article will explain what we did and what we discovered.") - Beth DePasquale and Tom Miller (techLearning, 1 Aug. 2002)

Classrooms or E-Learning, Instructors Remain Central - Tom Kelly & Nader Najiani (CLO, Nov. 2004)

Cognitive Styles and Distance Education - Yuliang Liu and Dean Ginther (OJDLA, Fall 1999)

Collaboration Supercharges Peformance (audio presentation: covers blogs, RSS, information overload, complexity, time acceleration, network models, value of collaboration, social network software...) - Jay Cross (ASTD 2004)

Collaborative Group Projects: An Essential Element in the Training of Computer Students ("...An integral part of computer training should be group projects where students develop documents but where electronic communications is their only means of collaboration. The main purpose of such a group project would be to promote effective communication...") - Betty Smith (techLearning, 1 Aug. 2002)

Collaborative Learning (includes Techniques, Stories from teachers, Resources. . .)

Collaborative Learning in an Online Environment ("The study described in this article researched the process of collaborative learning that occurred when postgraduate students studying a Master of Business Administration (MBA) program used computer-mediated communication (CMC) as a means of small-group and large-group communication. It reports a largely qualitative study of groups of students learning collaboratively while living remotely from their university campus. The main objective of the research was to observe and document the effects of the use of the computer-mediated group conferences on the group interaction of the students and to record their use and perceptions of the effects of the use of computer-mediated communication in their learning process.") - Elizabeth Stacey (Journal of Distance Education, 1999)

Collision Between F2F & Online Discussion (...This essay takes the position that social exchanges of self-disclosure in online environments are not only different from face-to-face experiences, but that the benefits and drawbacks are reversed.) - Dean Pape (techLEARNING, 1 Dec. 2004)

Communication dynamics: Discussion boards, weblogs and the development of communities of inquiry in online learning environments ("...the degree to which a successful community of inquiry can be facilitated through the use of discussion boards is examined and compared to the possibilities afforded by weblogs in the same role. Weblogs, it is argued, offer new opportunities in the development of social, cognitive and teacher presence online and should be considered in the development of or alongside established OLEs.") - James Farmer (ASCILITE 2004)

Comunidades de Aprendizagem On-line e o Ensino de Línguas (in Portuguese) - Kátia Cristina do Amaral Tavares (Out. 2001)

Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age ("Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism are the three broad learning theories most often utilized in the creation of instructional environments. These theories, however, were developed in a time when learning was not impacted through technology. Over the last twenty years, technology has reorganized how we live, how we communicate, and how we learn. Learning needs and theories that describe learning principles and processes, should be reflective of underlying social environments... Learners as little as forty years ago would complete the required schooling and enter a career that would often last a lifetime. Information development was slow. The life of knowledge was measured in decades. Today, these foundational principles have been altered. Knowledge is growing exponentially. In many fields the life of knowledge is now measured in months and years...") - George Siemens (elearnspace, 12 Dec. 2004)

Connectivism: Learning as Network-Creation ("...Different perceptions of what it means learn (or possess knowledge) do not need to be seen as exclusive. To some degree, objectivism, pragmatism, and interpretivism provide partial insight into a specific aspect of the learning and knowledge process. The nature of the subject matter and the learners themselves have an impact on which approach to knowing will be most beneficial to learners. In contrast to these established views of learning, connectivism presents learning as a connection/network-forming process...") - George Siemens (Learning Circuits, Nov. 2005)

Connectivism: Learning in a digital Age ("This page is a supporting wiki for the Cool-Connections presentation I provided for the Australian Flexible Learning Framework.")

Connectivism: Rethinking Learning (audio presentation) - George Siemens (IOC, 15 Feb. 2006)

Connectivism: Rethinking learning in a digital age (audio presentation) - George Siemens (19 Oct. 2005)

Constructivism, Technology, and the Future of Classroom Learning - Erik F. Strommen and Bruce Lincoln

Crosscultural Communication Online - The Webheads Community (Aug. 2002)

Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Online Collaboration ("This study investigated two interconnected conferences formed by students and instructors from two different cultures—Finland and the United States—to discuss case situations or problems in school observations,in order to examine cross-cultural differences in online collaborative behaviors among undergraduate preservice teachers. . .") - Kyong-Jee Kim and Curtis J. Bonk (JCMC, Oct. 2002)

Definitions of e-learning - Compiled by Julie Coultas, Rose Luckin and Ben du Boulay (IDEAS Lab, Human Centred Technology Group) (May 2004)

Demistifying the Digital Divide - Mark Warschauer (Scientific American, Aug. 2003)

Designing for the Virtual Interactive Classroom ("...Most of us experience more satisfying interactions when we can see and hear each other in the same space and at the same time. While online interactions support flexibility and convenience, synchronicity provides for more efficient and natural interaction. It is more spontaneous, with more richness of communication information. Answers can be immediate (and not be misspelled!); questions can be clarified; and decisions requiring multiple conversational loops can be arrived at quickly...") - Judith V. Boettcher (Campus Technology, May 2005)

Kolabora's Tools ("The Kolabora's Tools page showcases all of the best collaboration and conferencing and live presentation technologies that offer an immediate access, free-trial or download of their tools. From here you can directly try-out and review any of the best tools available in the market.")

Robin Good's Official Guide to Web Conferencing and Live Presentation Tools (updated May 2005)

Design of Net-learning Systems Based on Experiential Learning ("The theory of experiential learning is briefly reviewed and a model of the learning process is presented. The paper then discusses and characterizes a virtual learning environment and its relationship to experiential learning and learning styles. An approach for designing virtual learning environments is presented taking into account the technology for learning. A prototype for a virtual learning environment designed and built by the author and known as LeProf is then discussed. . ." - Juan R. Pimentel (JALN, 1999)

Development of Training and Support Programs for Distance Education Instructors - Melanie Clay (OJDLA, Fall 1999)

Digital Diploma Mills: The Automation of Higher Education - David F. Noble (First Monday, 1998)

Digital Gaming & Language Learning ("This wiki was created to support the TESOL EVO (Electronic Village Online) 2007 session (February-March)") - Graham Stanley, Rita Zeinstejer and Nik Noakes

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants ("It is amazing to me how in all the hoopla and debate these days about the decline of education in the US we ignore the most fundamental of its causes. Our students have changed radically. Today’s students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach." Part 1) - Marc Prensky (2001)

Do They Really Think Differently? ("In Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants: Part I, I discussed how the differences between our Digital Native students and their Digital Immigrant teachers lie at the root of a great many of today’s educational problems. I suggested that Digital Natives’ brains are likely physically different as a result of the digital input they received growing up. And I submitted that learning via digital games is one good way to reach Digital Natives in their “native language.” Here I present evidence for why I think this is so. It comes from neurobiology, social psychology, and from studies done on children using games for learning." -Part 2) - Marc Prensky (2001)

Digital Immigrant Remedial Vocabulary - Marc Prensky (Jun. 2003)

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants: Some Thoughts from the Generation Gap ("The native/immigrant analogy can help us understand the differences between those who are comfortable with technology and those who are not; however, I disagree with many of the conclusions that Prensky draws from it. In this article, I consider the implications of Prensky's analogy and whether it provides sufficient justification to radically change the way we view teaching and learning.") - Timothy VanSlyke (The Technology Source, May/Jun. 2003)

Overcoming Educators' Digital Immigrant Accents: A Rebuttal - Marc Prensky (The Technology Source Archives, May/Jun. 2003)

Digital Natives in the Classroom ("Digital Natives perceive technology as their friend and rely on it to study, work, play, relax and communicate. Natives dominate the seats in our classrooms and are an increasing presence in the entry-level workplace.") - Michael Culligan (EET)

Digital Natives Make Themselves at Home in a Wired World: A Driver of Change for Learning (ASME)

Digital Storytelling ("an innovative learning and assessment strategy for vocational education and training")

Distance-Education Alliance Backed by Oxford, Stanford, and Yale Will Offer Courses to the Public - Scott Carlson (The Chronicle of Higher Education, 22 Aug. 2002)

Distance Education: An Overview - Barry Willis (2003)

Distance Education: Are We Being Realistic? - Diana Oblinger and Jill Kidwell (EDUCAUSE review, May/june 2000)

Distance Learning and Synchronous Interaction ("In this article, I review the benefits and disadvantages of diverse synchronous tools, with an ultimate emphasis on application sharing and voiceover IP (VOIP) as the most advantageous and promising combination for educators in the future") - Joel Foreman (The Technology Source, Jul.-Aug. 2003)

Distance learning - Social software's killer ap? ("In this paper I overview the critical role of interaction and social presence in all forms of formal education, including those delivered at a distance. I then discuss definitions and features of a new genre of web-based tools known as educational social software. These tools have application for both on campus and off campus educational provision, but my focus is on distance education and specific use in self-paced, continuous enrolment courses. Finally, I briefly discuss the Open Source social software tool, ELGG, and our plans for deploying it with both cohort-based and self-paced continuous enrolment courses at Athabasca University – Canada’s Open University." - Terry Anderson (ODLAA, 2005)

Distributed collaborative teaching and learning in a groupware environment ("Using FLE2 groupware (Future Learning Environment 2) we have tried to integrate a distance education course into the regular academic programme at Roskilde University, Denmark. The course was offered jointly by two universities, attracting students and involving teachers from both institutions. The course was evaluated by an external consultant. The practical and pedagogical problems encountered are discussed, and it is suggested that while net-based teaching may be suitable only under certain circumstances in a normal academic programme, skills of communicating and working in an online environment are important qualifications that should be introduced broadly into academic life.") - Simon B. Heilesen, Mia C. Thomsen and Robin Cheesman (2002)

      Computer Support for Knowledge-Building Communities ("In this article we focus on educational ideas and enabling technology for knowledge-building discourse. The conceptual bases of computer-supported intentional learning environments (CSILE) come from research on intentional learning, process aspects of expertise, and discourse in knowledge-building communities. These bases combine to support the following propositions: Schools need to be restructured as communities in which the construction of knowledge is supported as a collective goal, and the role of educational technology should be to replace classroom discourse patterns with those having more immediate and natural extensions to knowledge-building communities outside school walls. CSILE is described as a means for reframing classroom discourse to support knowledge building in ways extensible to out-of-school knowledge-advancing enterprises. Some of the most fundamental problems are logistic, and it is in solving these logistic problems that we see the greatest potential for educational technology...") - Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter (The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1994)

      FLE2: Future Learning Environment2 ("Fle2 is a web-based groupware for computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL). Fle2 has been designed to support collaborative knowledge building and progressive inquiry."; UAD, Finland)

   ("This web site serves as a community site and resource of information for practitioners (teachers), researchers and school administrators in Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) field. Here you can find news and best practices from CSCL community, links to CSCL research, information about CSCL software tools and have discussions with other members of the community...")

            ITCOLE: Innovative Technology for Collaborative Learning and Knowledge Building

      Introduction to FLE2 Pedagogy ("Fle2 is design to support problem based learning (PBL) and inquiry learning. Fle2 help students and teachers to engage in co-ordinated efforts to solve problems and build knowledge together. Process of the study course using the Fle2 should follow the following module of progressive inquiry.")- H. Muukkonen et al., 2000)

      Supporting Problem-Based Learning in Groups in a Net Environment ("...In this paper we seek to identify ways of supporting PBL in groups in a net environment. This exercise is based upon four years of continually refining the conversion of pedagogical principles from face-to-face teaching at Roskilde University to Open University activities using WWW technology. In this process we have been looking for a software concept that could help implement our ideas by supporting students and teachers in their efforts....") - Robin Cheesman and Simon B. Heilesen (Dec. 1999)

Does Distance Learning Work? A Large Sample, Control Group Study of Student Success in Distance Learning ("The relevant public policy question is this---Does distance learning "work" in the sense that students experience as least as much success when they utilize distance learning modes as compared to when they pursue conventional bricks and mortar education? The answer to this question is a critical in determining whether burgeoning distance learning programs are cost-effective investments, either for students, or for governments... This study does not represent the final word on the determinants of student success in distance learning... What this study does contribute, however, is considerable new information about the academic success of distance learning students.")- James Koch (e-JIST, 2005)

Does Using Technology in Instruction Enhance Learning? - Ed Neal (Jun. 1998)

Downloading the classroom: a look at online courses - Jinah Kim (The Tufts Daily, 4 Nov. 2004)

E-Conferencing for Instruction: What Works? ("this preliminary research provides a framework for future studies and for implementation in other learning environments") - Shufang Shi (Educause, 2006)

Educação com os Media (Proformar Online, no. 17, Dez. 2006) (in Portuguese)

Education by Engagement and Construction: Can Distance Learning be better than Face-toFace? - Ben Schneiderman (Apr. 1994)

Education Reform and Technology A Short WebTour ("This article is a tour through the Internet with a focus on understanding educational reform in a technology rich world..." - includes numerous links to topic-related websites) - Margaret Riel (techLearning, 1 Apr. 1997)

Effective Online Instruction (presentation) - Sunil Hazari (1999)

Eight Ways to Get Students More Engaged in Online Conferences - W. R. Klemm (THE Journal, Aug. 1998)

E-Learner Competencies - P. Daniel Birch (Learning Circuits, Jul. 2002)

E-learning 2.0 ("E-learning as we know it has been around for ten years or so. During that time, it has emerged from being a radical idea—the effectiveness of which was yet to be proven—to something that is widely regarded as mainstream. It's the core to numerous business plans and a service offered by most colleges and universities.

And now, e-learning is evolving with the World Wide Web as a whole and it's changing to a degree significant enough to warrant a new name: E-learning 2.0.") - Stephen Downes (eLearn Magazine, 17 Oct. 2005)

E-learning: emerging issues and key trends. A discussion paper ("The purpose of this short paper is to provide a view of the state of e-learning, issues and implications for the use of technology mediated and delivered instruction in the vocational education and training (VET) sector in particular... considers issues and developments of a technical, organisational and pedagogical nature that are likely to generate change in the use of technologies in education and training. The paper offers a view of the driving forces for e-learning, an historical context for its development...") - John Eklund, Margaret Kay and Helen M. Lynch (Flexible Learning, 25 Sep. 2003)

E-Learning: The Fabled Aladdin's Lamp? - Paula Horta (Polifonia 7, 2004)

Elements of an Effective Internet Video Conference - Yvonne Marie Andres

Elements of Group Interaction in a Real-Time Synchronous Online Learning-By-Doing Classroom Without F2F Participation ("Editor’s Note: This is a thoughtful in-depth study of interactivity in online learning. It attempts to link theory to practice and use successful practice to generate theory and valid research data. The investigators studied models of online learning and observed that online interactions are parallel and face-to-face interactions are serial. They attest to the value of collaborative online learning and propose the concept of a “privacy zone.”) - Mia Lobel, Michael Neubauer and Randy Swedburg (USDLA Journal, Apr. 2002)

The Teaching Moment: a learning metaphor ("...What seems to be missing is twofold: what are participants saying and how are they saying it? How is the learning task accomplished, and how are the group’s dynamics facilitated to allow the learning to unfold? This paper is an attempt to make transparent the process of experientially constructing knowledge in a real-time eClassroom, which has been described in Lobel, Neubauer, & Swedburg (2002)..." - Mia Lobel, Michael Neubauer and Randy Swedburg (USDLA Journal, Nov. 2002)

The eClassroom used as a Teacher's Training Laboratory to Measure the Impact of Group Facilitation on Attending, Participation, Interaction, and Involvement ("This paper describes and quantifies the role of group facilitation in an experiential, real-time, online, university level credit course entitled eAHSC/230 Interpersonal Communications and Relations. A new and unique group interaction pattern called parallel communication, as well as classical elements of group interaction are described and quantified. New measures of online group facilitation attributes with analogous face-to-face (F2F) counterparts are presented. Specifically, the impact of effective group facilitation on Attentiveness, on Interaction, on Involvement, and on Participation is explored. The paper also examines the eClassrom’s potential effectiveness as a real time teaching and training laboratory which also functions as a process observation tool that collects and feeds back interaction data, providing teachers and trainers immediate and ongoing measures of facilitation effectiveness") - Mia Lobel, Michael Neubauer and Randy Swedburg (IRRODL, Oct. 2002)

Emerging Models of Online Collaborative Learning: Can Distance Enhance Quality? ("In this essay, we suggest that most instructors, administrators and software developers are missing major opportunities because they assume that online collaboration among students must follow the same forms as traditional interaction in face-to-face classrooms.  Yet, dating back to the 1970s, a few educators and software developers have been pioneering far more imaginative ways of helping students learn with one another in virtual space; they have been multiplying the advantages of extended access with the strengths of enriched learning environments.") - Stephen C. Ehrmann and Mauri Collins (TLT Group, Sep. 2001)

Emerging Leadership Roles in Distance Education: Current State of Affairs and Forecasting Future Trends ("This paper discusses the enormous impact distance learning has had on traditional higher education and leadership roles within those constructs. . . . [It focuses] on transformational leadership qualities that are necessary for current and future successful distance education programs.") - Lisa Marie Portugal (Academic Leadership, Summer 2006)

Engagement Theory: A framework for technology-based teaching and learning - Greg Kearsley & Ben Shneiderman (May 1999)

"e-Nough!" ("What is learning? Are there different kinds? How many? Can we accurately measure them? Can we produce them reliably? How long do they last? These perennially important learning questions are newly relevant in the context of “electronic teaching.” The trouble is, we have no good answers to any of them. But we do know one thing – teaching (“e” or otherwise) does not guarantee learning.") - Marc Prensky (2002)

Estándares y Especificaciones de E-learning: Ordenando el Desorden - Eduardo Hernández (May 2003)

E-tivities: The key to active online learning (book review by Brent Muirhead) - Gilly Salmon (2000)

Evaluating Web Conferencing Systems for Instructional Use - Andrea Eastman-Mullins and Robert Hambrick (Educause 2006, Oct. 2006)

Experience-Enabling Design: An approach to elearning design ("This paper draws inspiration from diverse media to understand what constitutes experience. In doing so, it seeks directions for building experience into design of elearning products...") - L. Ravi Krishnan and Venkatesh Rajamanickam (Global Conference on Excellence in Education and Training, Singapore: 28 May 2004)

Facilitating Interaction in Computer-Mediated Online Courses ("...First we will give a brief introduction to computer conferencing, somewhat generically and look at both the advantages and the disadvantages of the various "flavors" of computer conferencing. You have to know your tools before you can use them. We will then look at interaction in online learning environments, the changing roles of teachers and students and the role of the online conference tutor/moderator/facilitator. This paper concludes with an extensive bibliography.") - Mauri Collins and Zane Berge (Sep. 1996)

Facilitation: the Anti-Lecture - Kaarin Record (techLEARNING, 1 Dec. 2004)

Faculty Use of Course Management Systems (Key Findings) - Glenda Morgan (ECAR, May 2003)

Five Web-Based Training Perils - and How to Avoid Them - Kevin Kruse (Learning Circuits, Mar. 2000)

Flexibility and Interaction at a Distance: A Mixed-Mode Environment for Language Learning ("This article reports on the process of design and development of two language courses for university students at beginning levels of competence. . .") - Antonella Strambi and Eric Bouvet (LL&T, Sep. 2003)

Focus on the Student: How to Use Learning Ogbjectives to Improve Learning ("...learning objectives put the focus on the student and learning rather than the teacher and teaching methods...") - Wendy Cown (Boxes and Arrows, 6 May 2004)

Forklifts for your Mind ("“Software,” shares one author, “is the forklift of the mind.” This quote, appearing in Daniel H. Pink's, A Whole New Mind, illustrates the power that technology can play in the hands of people like you and me, as well as our students. At a recent conference, I was made painfully aware of the shift from desktop productivity tools to online collaborative tools. While the old forklift — productivity tools — are still necessary, being able to use new collaborative tools in combination with the old is becoming critical. Pink puts it in a way that is unequivocal — Thinking is indispensable. It's just no longer sufficient. Restated, that quote might read, Desktop software is indispensable, it's just no longer sufficient for our needs in a connected world.") - Miguel Guhlin (techLearning, 1 Jun. 2006)

From Classic to Electronic Quescussion ("Quescussion is a questioning technique which bans the use of non-questions altogether, thereby challenging the usual relationship between student and teacher and among students themselves... Quescussion is a simple and enjoyable teaching technique which encourages participation and creativity...") - Truls Ostbye & Paul M. Biswell

From Large Lectures to Online Modules and Discussion: Issues in the Development of Online Teacher Education ("In this article, we consider issues in the development of online teacher education based on our experience in replacing large lectures with online modules and discussion. We suggest that the successful development and implementation of online education require two major commitments: one to improve the educational experience for students, and another to encourage close cooperation. . .") - George Gadanidis and Sharon Rich (The Technology Source, Jul.-Aug. 2003)

Gathering and Using Quality-of-Student: Experience Data on Distance Education Courses - Margaret Rangecroft, Peter Gilroy, Tony Tricker and Peter Long (Journal of Distance Education, 2002)

Getting Teachers through the Online Gates - Michael Coghlan (Feb. 2001)

Guest Lecturers in the Online Environment: Part 1 - Virgil E. Varvel Jr. (ION, Jul-Aug. 2001)

Guest Lecturers in the Online Environment: Part 2 - Virgil E. Varvel Jr. (ION, Sep-Oct. 2001)

Happy Online: A Blended-Learning Lesson Plan - Aiden Yeh (Teaching English with Technology, Jul. 2005)

Herding Cats: Building Virtual Language Learning Communities (presentation) - John H. Steele (Oct. 2002)

How Interactive are YOUR Distance Courses? A Rubric for Assessing Interaction in Distance Learning - M. D. Roblyer and Leticia Ekhaml (Jun. 2000)

How to Set up an Internet Course with Free Tools - Anson Chong (2002)

How to Spark Innovation (Innovation alone is simply a good idea, however, how do we create environments in which innovation can go to scale to be taken on by the whole community. How can you act in the school community so others want to take on your innovation? What kind of environments and leadership lead to innovative development?”) - Judy Shasek (techLearning, 1 Dec. 2005)

Hybrid Courses: The Best of Both Worlds (a list of resources)

Implementing the Seven Principles: Technology as Lever ("Since the Seven Principles of Good Practice were created in 1987, new communication and information technologies have become major resources for teaching and learning in higher education. If the power of the new technologies is to be fully realized, they should be employed in ways consistent with the Seven Principles. Such technologies are tools with multiple capabilities...") - Arthur W. Chickering and Stephen C. Ehrmann (updated Oct. 2003)

Implementing Virtual Learning Environments: Looking for Holistic Approach (". . .We summarise here major issues and questions on the implementation of VLEs in traditional educational institutions. These concerns and pending issues have been defined primarily on the basis of nine European case studies. We start by the findings and pending issues on "What are VLEs?", we look into "To whom" they are addressed and what questions have to be dealt with there. Next we deal with "Why" implement VLEs and we finish with the issues concerned with "How" to implement VLEs") - Mario Barajas and Martin Owen (ET&S, 2000)

Implications of Web-Based Technology for Engaging Students in a Learning Society - A. J. Turgeon

Improving Student Performance in Distance Learning Courses - Judy A. Serwatka (THE Journal, Apr. 2002)

In at the Deep End - Swapping Roles through Staff Development Online ("... this paper reports on an initiative that has brought together the outcomes of previous research into an online resource and workshop. Having piloted these, the full version of the workshop was recently completed by a group of staff at Southern Cross University. The authors reflect upon experiences of swapping roles – teachers becoming learners, and educational designer (usually a student advocate in the design process) becoming the teacher. Reflections on experiences are reported from reflective journal and evaluation data.") - Meg O'Reilly and Allan Ellis (ASCILITE, 2002)

Influence of Non-Moderated and Moderated Discussion Sites on Student Success - Deborah A. Kashy et al. (JALN, Feb. 2003)

Informal Learning - the other 80% - Jay Cross (Internet Time Group, Draft, 8 May 2003)

Information is not Instruction! - Kevin Kruse (Learning Circuits, Feb. 2000)

Initial Description of SIG-Organizational ("Most current developments in the use of modern technologies in education are, unfortunately, little more than mere transpositions to a new environment of the much criticised paradigms of the past...") - António Dias de Figueiredo (1998)

Innovation in Collaborative E-Learning (WorkBook) - Janet Salmons (Vision2Lead, 2004)

Innovations in Online Learning: Moving Beyond No Significant Difference ("... this presentation will discuss how IT can be used to surpass traditional modes of instruction") - Carol A. Twigg (Educause Conference, 2002)

In Practice... ("I am at the National Learning Infrastructure Initiative conference to take part in a panel discussion titled Learner-Centered by Practice: Applying What We Know About Learning and Cognition in Designing for the Online Environment. With me were the panel moderator Helen Knibb, David Merrill from Utah State University, and Lynette Gillis, a consultant with Learning Designs Online. Like most quality panels, these members pushed some of my thinking into new directions. And I think as a result we need to restate clearly what we mean by learner centered learning. So - what do we know about learning?...") - Stephen Downes (28 Jan. 2002)

Instructional Development for Distance Education - Barry Willis (2003)

Integrating Internet-Based Reading Materials into the Foreign Language Curriculum: From Teacher- to Student-Centered Approaches ("Whereas many educators enthusiastically embrace the use of Internet-based reading materials, little theoretical and empirical research exists that demonstrates how to make use of such practices in a sound pedagogical way. This article provides guidance to teachers and curriculum developers by describing three approaches to integrating Internet-based reading materials into a foreign language curriculum...") - Klaus Brandl (LL&T, Sep. 2002)

Interactive Language Learning on the Web ("...This digest discusses some of the advantages and challenges for teachers who want to design their own interactive Web-based language learning activities, describes some of the activities produced by language teachers that are already available on the Web, and provides guidelines and resources to help teachers create Web-based activities of their own.") - Sally Morrison, ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics (CAL, Dec. 2002)

Interactive Teaching and Learning "How does the use of the interactive whiteboard promote interactive teaching and learning? How does the use of the ACTIVboard support instructional strategies that lead to the development of literacy, problem-solving, creativity and collaboration skills of students?") - Betsy Whiting (techLearning, 1 Sep. 2005)

Interactivity Whiteboards for Interactive Teaching and Learning ("...In March 2004, a group of teachers (two second grade teachers and the technology resource teacher at Deer Park Elementary School in Centreville, VA) attended several sessions on the use of interactive whiteboards in the elementary school setting at the Virginia Society for Technology in Education (VSTE) Conference in Roanoke, VA. In particular, we saw an ACTIVboard that uses a computer connected to a projector and a touch-sensitive whiteboard. The projector displays images from the computer and the computer is controlled by touching the board with an electronic pen. Teachers can display Internet Web sites, run educational software, show live video, give multimedia presentations, all in an effort to engage students in interactive learning (Fernandez and Luftglass, October 2003)...") - Diane D. Painter et al. (techLearning, 1 Sep. 2005)

Introduction to TAPPED IN: An Online Community for Learning and Teaching - Keiko Schneider (2001)

Interact! With Online Learning - James Kirk (Learning Circuits, Jan. 2001)

Interaction Options for Learning in the Virtual Classroom - Terry Anderson (1999)

Interactive and Multimedia Techniques in Online Language Lessons: A Sampler (". . .The lessons featured were chosen for their quality, the variety of technical features, range of pedagogical techniques, and selection of languages taught.") - Jean W. LeLoup and Robert Ponterio (LL&T, Sep03)

Interactive Videoconferencing in Distance Education - Barry Willis (2003)

Introducing MUVEES: Multi-User Virtual Environment Experiential Simulator ("MUVEES are an engaging way to study classroom-based situated learning and the ways in which virtual environments may aid the transfer of learning from classroom contexts into real world settings...")

It's a Learner-Centered World! - Karen Mantyla (Learning Circuits, Jun. 2000)

Just Use It: Rethinking Technology Training for K-12 Teachers ("A popular and long-standing marketing slogan exhorts potential athletes (and customers) to “just do it.” While arguably not a model for decision-making on matters of great importance, it is worth contemplating whether the underlying philosophy of that phrase might not be the best approach for teacher technology training. Rather than expending time and resources on certain types of computer technology training for K-12 educators, wouldn’t it be better if we (this is the “royal we,” encompassing all who do technology training) espoused a training philosophy of “just use it?”...") - Mary Burns (techLearning, 1 Aug. 2005)

Keeping Online Asynchronous Discussions on Topic ("The purpose of this research was to identify various techniques recommended and used by online instructors for keeping online learners on topic during asynchronous discussion and to identify what factors affected selection.  A thirty-seven item online questionnaire was developed and completed by 135 online instructors subscribing to an international distance education listserv. . ." - Bart P. Beaudin (JALN, 1999)

Langues étrangères, nouvelles technologies et formation des enseignants (in French) - Jean Michel Chaupart (2003)

Learner Contributions to Knowledge, Community, and Learning - Beverly Hunter and John Richards (last updated 4 Apr. 2003)

Learner Support Services for Online Students: Scaffolding for Success - Stacey Ludwig-Hardman and Joanna C. Dunlap (IRRODL, Apr. 2003)

Learning 2.0 ("The Web is no longer just a place to search for resources. It’s a place to find people, to exchange ideas, to demonstrate our creativity before an audience. The Internet has become not only a great curriculum resource but a great learning resource.") - Sheryl Nussbaum-Beach (aug. 2007)

Learning and Teaching in Cyberspace - Greg Kearsley (2000)

Learning Circles: Virtual Communities for Elementary and Secondary Schools - Margaret Riel (1993)

Learning Environments ("There is real danger in trying to build academic on-line environment or virtual university by imitating the structure of a  traditional university...") - NKN 2002

Learning Environments and Pedagogy ("The LTSN Generic Centre has formed a group to look at learning environments and pedagogy (LEAP).  We have commissioned 14 case studies from 7 Universities which will look at how different pedagogies are being employed across different virtual learning environments (VLEs)- namely BlackBoard, WebCT and Lotus Notes.")

Learning from Mistakes with School-Based Technology ("in that decade it was our mistakes that we learned from that allowed us to ultimately reach our goal. It is these mistakes and how we handled these mistakes that form the Top Ten Tips for School Based Technology") - Matthew Ohlson (tecLearning, 1 Aug. 2007)

Learning in Communities - Stephen Downes (AFLC, 4 Mar. 2004)

Learning in Synch with Life: New Models, New Processes ("Learning is a strategic tool which enables corporations to achieve their business goals. Complex environments provide challenges of rapid change and global competition, requiring organizations to align professional development with business realities. Models of learning that have served the industrial era are not capable of addressing the opportunities inherent in quickly changing environments.") - George Siemens (Google 2006 Training Summit, 28 Apr. 2006)

Learning language and learning style: principles, process and practice ("This article suggests that by linking a student's individual approach to learning, a clearer understanding can be gained of how successful foreign language acquisition is achieved. Approaching a learner in his/her own style seems to yield better results: pairing a student with someone of the opposite style appears to nurture the development of further strategies. The conshuct of style offers an opportunity to learn how to teach and learn more effectively") - Gloria Banner and Steve Rayner (LLJ, Summer 2000)

Learning Management Systems (LMS) & Learning Content Management Systems (LCMS) - E-Learning an Enterprise Application? ("Lets look at what a Learning Management System is and what a Learning Content Management System is. How are they different? How do they complement each other?") - Paul Stacey (E-Learning, 26 Oct. 2001)

Learning Managment Systems: Are We There Yet? ("The LMS has reached maturity but is racing to keep up with changing requirements on campus and to meet the need for integration with other enterprise systems and a more collaborative working environment. . . Syllabus asked the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation’s vice president for research in information technology about his vision for learning management systems and related technologies.") (Campus Technology, 7 Jan. 2004)

Learning Management Systems: The wrong place to start learning ("Learning Management Systems (LMS) are often viewed as being the starting point (or critical component) of any elearning or blended learning program. This perspective is valid from a management and control standpoint, but antithetical to the way in which most people learn today...") - George Siemens (elearnspace, 22 Nov. 2004)

Learning Styles and the Internet (strategies from existing online courses that cater for various learning styles) - Marie Jasinski

Ler e Escrever - Práticas e Projectos (Proformar Online, no. 15, Jun. 2006) (in Portuguese)

Lessons a Foreign Student Learned from an Online Course ("...During the first four weeks of intensive practices of building and facilitating online community, I learned some important lessons on how to become a good online instructor from my own experience as a student and from the observations of my instructor's teaching practices.") - Chaohui Wang (tecLEARNING, 1 Dec. 2004)

Lessons in Launching Web-based Graduate Courses - Stanley L. Kroder, Jayne Suess and David Sachs (THE Journal, May 1998)

Leveraging Student Feedback to Improving Teaching in Web-based Courses - Sunil Hazari and Donna Schno (THE Journal, Jun. 1999)

Listen to the Natives ("Times have changed. So, too, have the students, the tools, and the requisite skills and knowledge. Let's take a look at some of the features of our 21st century landscape that will be of utmost importance to those entrusted with the stewardship of our children's 21st century education.") - Marc Prensky (Educational Leadership, Dec. 2005/Jan. 2006)

Looking Beyond Course Development Tools: Faculty Training Issues - Sunil Hazari and Ellen Yu Borkowski (2001)

Magic or Realism? Transforming learning styles into design features in net-based education ("Advantages in comparing net-based education to traditional teacher lead learning are recognized. However, in the hype of “e-learning”, the real needs of users/learners are not given sufficient attention. The present article points to the importance of developing net-based education in accordance with principles for user-centered design. The purpose is to demonstrate the use of learner-centered design in accommodating users with different types of learning styles. This article gives an account of a theory of learning styles and it goes on to show how different learning styles may be transformed into design features.") - Carl Eneroth (Learning Technology, Jul. 2001)

Making the Transition: Helping Teachers to Teach Online - Rena M. Palloff and Keith Pratt

Matching Content to Delivery? Remember the Basics! - Lisa L. Collins (Learning Circuits, Dec. 2000)

Mind the Gap ("The debate about technology and computer use by students continues...") - Jeffrey Piontek (techLearning, 1 Sep. 2005)

More Thoughts on Teaching and Learning: Lessons Learned - Barbara Ganley (14 Dec. 2005)

My Experiences with Interactivity ("...Imagine my surprise, when I attended one of the sessions at the VSTE conference in March 2004, and, there, at the front of the conference room was a large interactive whiteboard doing everything I had always hoped for. The images were BIG, the children could write and they could draw on the board, and they could even click and drag images across the board! They could go to a Web site and do everything that one could do at a computer. This wonderful invention was called the ACTIVboard. I was in love!...") - Brenda Wolters (techLearning, 1 Sep. 2005)

(My) Three Principles of Effective Online Pedagogy - Bill Pelz (JALN, Jun. 2004)

Needed: Creative Teaching & Commitment - Phillip D. Long (EDUCAUSE Review, May-June 2002)

Negotiation of Meaning and Codeswitching in Online Tandems (". . .The prime objective of the study was to give those students who participated in the online exchanges a chance to meet with native speakers of their target language in real time and to investigate if the concept of tandem learning as promoted by initiatives like the International Tandem Network could be successfully transferred from e-mail-based discourse to a format in which the learners could interact with each other in real time over a computer network. . .") - Markus Kötter (LL&T, May 2003)

New Designs for Connected Teaching and Learning ("Technology is not the solution to the complex problems that face our schools but it can dramatically increase the community of participants designing solutions. Fundamental change in the next decades will result from participation in education by a larger community of people who the Internet brings together, rather then from access to technology. This is because education is a human enterprise. It is dependent on the relationship between teachers and learners in a specific social, political, and historical context. My paper focuses on this context and way in which changes to the learning environment alters the relationships between teachers and learners, and between school and society...") - Margaret Riel (2000)

New roles for Educators ("...Though teachers have always been learners, instructional designers and entrepreneurs, technology tools have added new twists to these traditional roles, providing many new opportunities for leadership and for teachers to also become "producers of knowledge."") - Margaret Johnson (MFF, 4 Feb 2000)

New Study Finds Time Spent Online Important for Teen Development ("The most extensive U.S. study on teens and their use of digital media finds that America’s youth are developing important social and technical skills online – often in ways adults do not understand or value") - (MacArthur Foundation, Nov. 2008)

New Tools for Teaching - James J. O'Donnell (2001)

Old Concerns with New Distance Education Research - Barbara Lockee, Mike Moore, and John Burton (Educause Quarterly, 2001)

Online Collaborative Learning in Higher Education (Online Articles: "a bibliography of some important papers about online collaborative learning which have been published online and are available in full free of charge") - Joanne McInnerney and Tim Roberts (2003)

Online Communication ("...Online communication first became possible in educational realms in the 1980s, following the development and spread of personal computers. The background on online communication in language teaching and research can be divided into two distinct periods, marked by the introduction of computer-mediated communication in education in the mid-1980s and the emergence of the World Wide Web in the mid-1990s.") - Mark Warschauer (2001)

Online communication tools that facilitate interaction of participants in a virtual community and their role in language learning (ppt) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (TESOL, Mar. 2003)

Online Communication Tools that Promote Language Learning and Foster Professional Development - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (Polifonia 7, 2004)

Online Debate: A Case Study Combining Traditional Strategy and Online Technology ("...In this article, an online debate is examined in terms of limited communication methods and suggestions are provided for designing an online debate.") - Shawn M. Love (IJIT&DL, Sep. 2004)

Online Learning in Second Language Classrooms: An Ethnographic Study - Mark Warschauer (2000)

Online Learning in Sociocultural Context - Mark Warschauer (A&EQ, 1998)

Online Learning: Social Interaction and the Creation of a Sense of Community ("This paper centres on the sense of isolation that online study may engender among learners... The authors suggest three protocols that can be built into the fabric of online courses in order that a sense of community may be enabled to exist, and productive social interaction can occur... The paper concludes by suggesting that by creating an online sense of ‘self’, the participants of an online course can alleviate feelings of isolation, and create an online community that assists the learning process.") - Joanne M. McInnerney and Tim S. Roberts (Educational Technology & Society, 2004)

Online Pedagogies for Active Learning ("... I thought it might be interesting to explore pedagogical alternatives to lecture and presentation - approaches that reinsert the "human" back in to the learning equation...") - Paul Stacey (E-Learning, 17 Oct. 2003)

Online Professional Development in Support of Online Teaching: Some Issues for Practice ("...The study therefore generated feedback from a self-selected interest group about (a) their beliefs about teaching online and its place within the higher education system, (b) their reasons for choosing to engage in this medium as both a teacher and a learner, (c) their experiences of learning online as part of a professional development course, and (d) the ways in which their experiences of learning online might feed back into their practices for teaching online.") - Karah Hogarth, Ingrid Day and Drew Dawson (IJIT&DL, Sep. 2004)

Online Teaching: Panacea or Problem - Teresa De Fazio

Online Tutoring e-Book - Carol A. Higgison (ed.)

Opportunities in Technology-Enhanced Language Learning (TELL) Classroom Environments ("This study explores opportunities that English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers have created to help students meet English language literacy goals in technology enhanced language learning (TELL) classroom environments. This qualitative study examines opportunities in two TELL classroom environments based on interviews, observation, and document collection for two months...") - Hee-Jung Jung and Sang Hyun Kim (TEwT, Oct. 2004)

Overcoming Barriers to Distance Training and Education ("When people within an organization plan for using distance training and education, there are several barriers to their efforts that they are likely to encounter. Consideration of barriers faced by other organizations may help leaders find solutions to reduce or to minimize obstacles in their own organization. Using a content analysis of thirty-two, in-depth case studies of leading organizations, this study begins to explore solutions to the barriers faced by organizations when they use distance education.") - Soomyung Kim Cho and Zane L. Berge (USDLA Journal, 2002)

PALMing Your Way Through the Educational Maze ("...Like most teachers, the authors considered a handheld as a sort of GameBoy that could hold a lot of addresses and phone numbers. They changed their minds while researching a project on the use of Palm III handheld devices in elementary classrooms. Both discovered that this miniature computer has a lot to offer educators who are seeking a way to slide more easily through the maze of educational tasks/obligations that face teachers every day, in and out of their classrooms...") - Marty Mayer and Dina Mayne (techLEARNING, 1 Nov. 2005)

Participation and Critical Thinking in Online University Distance Education - Mark Bullen (Journal of Distance Education, 1998)

Patterns of engagement in authentic online learning envionments ("The paper proposes ten characteristics of authentic activities, based on educational theory and research, which have been used as criteria for the selection of existing online units or courses for in depth investigation. The paper includes a short review of the literature, a description of the research and some preliminary findings and identification of issues related to the necessity for students to willingly suspend disbelief in order to fully engage in learning scenarios based on authentic tasks.") - Jan Herrington and Thomas C. Reeves (AJET, 2003)

Planning and Managing the Development of Courses for Distance Delivery: Results from a Qualitative Study - W. Dean Care and Judith M. Scanlan (OJDLA, Summer 2001)

Portrait of a Digital Native ("...Today's secondary and even elementary schools are filled with students like Fear who are adept at multitasking and using technology in exciting new ways. A recent Kaiser Family Foundation report, "Generation M: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds," found that students who use media the most also spend more time with family, friends, and other activities. That may explain the need to do many things at once...") - Tom McHale (techLearning, 15 Sep. 2005)

Playing the Lesson ("I had some experiences this week that opened my eyes to the power and potential of games as learning tools. To be perfectly honest, I’ve ignored learning much about games and I'm also guilty of raising an eyebrow when people talked about games as learning tools. But not anymore…") - David Jakes (techLearning, 29 Nov. 2006)

Preparing Learners for Online Learning - George M. Piskurich (2002)

Professional Development: The Electronic Village Online of the TESOL CALL Interest Section - Elizabeth Hanson-Smith and Christine Bauer-Ramazani (TESL-EJ, Sep. 2004)

Promoting Online Interaction in Today's Colleges and Universities - Brent Muirhead (USDLA Journal, Jul. 2002)

Q & A with Diana Laurillard - interview by Lisa Neal (Diana Laurillard is Head of the E-learning Strategy Unit at the Department for Education and Skills in the U.K.)

Quality in e-Learning (ppt) - Dafne González (Tesol, Mar. 2003)

Quality on the Line: Benchmarks for Success in Internet-Based Distance Education - The Institute for Higher Education Policy (Apr. 2000)

Realizing Constructivist Objectives Through Collaborative Technologies: Threaded Discussions ("... This paper presents a situated study -- based on a prominent pedagogical framework -- of the implementation of threaded discussions, a widely used instructional technology, to meet constructivist curricular objectives in university ESL classes....") - Donald Weasenforth, Sigrun Biesenbach-Lucas and Christine Meloni (LL&T, Sep. 2002)

Real-time audio and email for fluency: promoting distance language learners' aural and oral skills via the Internet (pdf - click on p. 55) - Markus Kötter, Lesley Shield and Anne Stevens (ReCALL, 1999)

Relationships on the Line - Joan Cashion and Phoebe Palmieri (2000)

Re-learning through e-learning: Changing conceptions of teaching through online experience ("...This paper draws on recent literature on reflective practice principles of online learning and teaching to explore experiences from those who have been on both sides - online educators and online students... The findings can inform how educators can provide engaging and empowering online teaching and learning environments that move beyond traditional 'comfort zones' and established pedagogies.") - Reem Al-Mahmood and Catherine McLoughlin (ASCILITE, 2004)

Removing Barriers to Professional Development ("...The research results were used to create a model for bridging course development and professional development. The collaborative model is geared toward the hesitant technology user, and allows for individualized support and continuing education opportunities. This model also proposes a framework for instructors to learn actively while they are developing an online course, and to apply new knowledge and skills to immediate course development tasks.") - Lynn Feist (The Journal, Jun. 2003)

Research in Distance Education: A Status Report ("Since the 1950s and expansion of social science research, distance education has been studied in comparison to face-to-face or classroom instruction. Although researchers continue to conduct comparative studies, their usefulness in revealing more information has diminished over the years; invariably, they have returned a "no significant difference" result between various forms of instruction. In recent years, researchers have moved beyond atheoretical, experimental comparative studies and have introduced new methods, such as discourse analysis, and in-depth interview of learners. These new methods overcome many methodological and theoretical limitations of the physical science view of distance education. These studies have further revealed the complexity of distance education, indicating the many variables involved in the concept. Starting with the core issue of instructional interaction and grounded on the theory of transactional distance, a new strand of research using methods related to ystems dynamics, hierarchy and complexity theories, promises a more comprehensive understanding.") - Farhad Saba (IRRODL, Jun. 2000)

Research Insights into Interactivity ("Interactivity research studies involving online classes reveal that students value their opportunities to communicate with their peers and instructors. The author will briefly highlight student expectations for their online classes, discuss important findings from interaction studies and recommend several instructional ideas to enhance the quality of interaction in today’s distance education classes.") - Brent Muirhead (ITDL, Mar. 2004)

Rethinking Learner Support: the challenge of collaborative online learning - Mary Thorpe (Nov. 2001)

Roles and Competencies of Online Teachers - Vera Queiroz and Pollyana N. Mustaro (I-TESL-J, Jul. 2003)

Scaffolding: A model for learner support in an online teaching environment ("...In this paper we offer a theoretical and pragmatic rationale for the development of learning support for online learning, which comprises both resources that learners can access in order to achieve learning outcomes and procedural scaffolds that support the communication process....") - Catherine McLoughlin and Linda Marschall (Teaching and Learning Forum, 2000)

School of the Future World Summit ("Last month, an impressive assemblage of educators and policy wonks from around the globe gathered at Microsoft’s campus in Redmond, Washington to discuss secondary education reform. Unlike the National Educational Computing Conference the week before, where Microsoft released two K–12 software apps, the World Summit wasn’t a news-making event. But it certainly offered a lot of food for thought. Here are some highlights.") - Amy Poftak (techLearning, 1 Aug. 2005)

Searching for Learner-Centered, Constructivist, and Sociocultural Components of Collaborative Educational Learning Tools ("...In this chapter, we embed our discussion in learner-centered, constructivist, and sociocultural perspectives on collaborative technology, with a bias toward the third. The principles of these perspectives, in fact, provide the theoretical rationale for much of the research and ideas presented in this book...")- Curtis Jay Bonk and Donald J. Cunningham (In C. Bonk & K. King (Eds.), Electronic Collaborators:
Learner-centered technologies for literacy, apprenticeship, and discourse
(pp. 25-50). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998)

Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education (reprinted with permission) - Arthur W. Chickering and Zelda F. Gamson (1987)

      Related links

      9 Principles of Good Practice for Assessing Student Learning (AAHE Assessment Forum)

      A "Teacher's Dozen" ("...So, what exactly do we know about learning that might be useful to college teachers? My response is the "teacher's dozen" referred to in the title. It's my own list of fourteen principles of effective higher learning that are well supported by research. My "teacher's dozen" isn't meant to be definitive or exhaustive. It's simply one college teacher's current list of solid principles to teach by...") - Thomas Anthony Angelo (1993)

      Implementing the Seven Principles: Technology as Lever ("Since the Seven Principles of Good Practice were created in 1987, new communication and information technologies have become major resources for teaching and learning in higher education. If the power of the new technologies is to be fully realized, they should be employed in ways consistent with the Seven Principles. Such technologies are tools with multiple capabilities...") - Arthur W. Chickering and Stephen C. Ehrmann (updated Oct. 2003)

      Principles for Good Practice in Education

      Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education: Implementation Ideas - Ted Panitz

      Seven Principles of Effective Teaching: A Practical Lens for Evaluating Online Courses - Charles Graham et al. (West Valley College, last revised Nov. 2001)

      The Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education: A Historical Perspective - Zelda F. Gamson

      Training and Active Learning - Don Clark (May 2000)

      Why 7 Principles? ("...Task force members agreed that the 7 Principles of Good Practice... have successfully stood the test of time and provide the foundation to high quality distance delivery methods... OLN has also updated its Principles of Good Practice document to incite more emphasis on the 7 Principles in projects receiving OLN grant funds... In addition, as you can see, the web pages for teaching faculty have been redesigned using the 7 Principles as anchor...") - OLN: Ohio Learning Network

Shaping Cyberspace into Human Space - Linda Harasim (Sep. 1994)

Situating the Zone of Proximal Development ("Social constructivist theory has advanced the notion that distance education is inferior, because effective learning is thought to require immersion in a cognitive apprenticeship under the guidance of a mentor. Effective learning is said to be situated in activity, context, and culture as a collaboration in a community of practice. Administrators and practitioners in distance education are confronted with a challenge to the efficacy of their endeavors. The authors briefly trace the evolution of social constructivism, the influence of Piaget and Vygotsky, and analyze the effects of contemporary social constructivism with implications for instructional theory and practice.") - George E. Marsh and John J. Ketterer (OJDLA, Summer 2005)

Six Factors to Consider when Planning Online Distance Learning Programs in Higher Education - Suzanne Levy (OJDLA, Spring 2003)

Sizing the Opportunity: The Quality and Extent of Online Education in the United State, 2002 and 2003 ("While there is now some statistical information available on distance education at higher education institutions in the United States, very few if any research surveys have focused on online education. The 2003 Sloan Survey of Online Learning was designed to find answers to some key questions related specifically to online education delivered by higher education institutions in the United States...") - The Sloan Consortium (Sep. 2003)

Social Bookmarking (ELI, May 2005)

Social Bookmarking Tools: A General Review - Tony Hammond, Timo Hannay, Ben Lund and Joanna Scott (D-Lib Magazine, Apr. 2005)

Social Dimensions of Telecollaborative Foreign Language Study (". . .I explore socio-institutional dimensions of German-American telecollaboration and the ways in which they may shape foreign language learning and use. . . I intertwine the socially and institutionally contingent features of language valuation, computer know-how, Internet access, and learning accreditation and the micro-level features of situated classroom interaction and individual psycho-biography in order to provide a rich and multi-faceted characterization of foreign language learning and use on both ends of a German-American telecollaborative partnership" - Julie A. Belz (LL&T, Jan. 2002)

Social Software in Academia ("Still new on campus, social software tools can support students and staff beyond the classroom, reaching around the world for learning and communication.") - Todd Bryant (Educause Quarterly, 29 (2), 2006)

Sounding off ("...There’s a danger with broadband that we do unnecessary things just because we can, but in the case of audio there do seem to be plenty of strong arguments in its favour...") - Clive Shepherd (Above&Beyond, Dec. 2004)

So you want to teach online - Michael Coghlan (Apr. 2001)

Spinning yarns around the digital fire: Storytelling and dialogue among youth on the Internet - David Huffaker (First Monday, Jan. 2004)

Staff development for online delivery: A collaborative, team based action learning model ("This paper describes the early phases of a systems change approach being implemented in the School of Social and Workplace Development at Southern Cross University. An ongoing collaborative action learning model is described as a vehicle for staff development and change management.") - Allan Ellis and Renata Phelps (AJET, 2000)

Strategies for Building Blended Learning (business oriented) - Allison Rossett et al. (Learning Circuits, Jun. 2003)

Strategies for Collaborative Learning: Building e-Learning and Blended Learning Communities ("...Our goal here is twofold. First we will cut through the ambiguous term "community" by sharing a model that describes a number of practical applications for including community as part of your learning strategy. Second, we will outline specific strategies and approaches for building learning-focused communities.") - Soren Kaplan (iCohere, 2002)

Strategies for Learning at a Distance - Barry Willis (2003)

Strategies for Teaching at a Distance - Barry Willis (2003)

Strengths and Weaknesses of Online Learning (ION)

Student-Centred Learning: What does it mean for Students and Lecturers? - Geraldine O'Neill and Tim McMahon (AISHE, 19 Oct. 2005)

Student Satisfaction and Perceived Learning with On-line Courses: Principles and Examples from the SUNY Learning Network ("This paper will examine factors that have contributed to the high levels of learning and learner satisfaction that students have reported in the SLN. The analysis will be done on several levels.") - Eric Fredericksen et al. (JALN, Sep. 2000)

Students and Faculty Respond to Online Distance Courses at Grant MacEwan Community College - Cheryl White (THE Journal, Apr. 2000)

Students' Frustrations with a Web-Based Distance Education Course ("This article illustrates the frustrations that students can experience while taking a distance education course, and how these frustrations can significantly inhibit their educational opportunities.") - Noriko Hara and Rob Kling (First Monday, Dec. 1999)

Students' Perceptions of Online Learning: A Comparative Study ("Although several studies suggest that online education and blended instruction (a “blend” of online and traditional approaches) can be as effective as traditional classroom models, few studies have focused on learner satisfaction with online instruction, particularly in the transition to online learning from traditional approaches. This study examines students’ perceptions of integrating online components in two undergraduate business courses where students completed online learning modules prior to class discussion. The results indicate that participants in an elective course rated the online modules significantly better than those in a required course. Overall, participants in the elective course rated the online modules marginally positive while those in the required course rated them marginally negative.") - Karl L. Smart and James J. Cappel (Journal of Information Technology Education, 2006)

Successful Online Teaching Using an Asynchronous Learner Discussion Forum (". . .General observations related to these categories [Faculty Feedback, Learner Discussions and Course Requirements] were presented followed by several tips for successful teaching in an online environment using an asynchronous learner discussion forum. . .") - Mark H. Rossman (JALN, Nov. 1999)

Supporting Collaborative Learning in Asynchronous Learning Networks ("...the most important elements for an ALN learning environment to support collaborative learning relate to the "social construction" of an interaction environment, consisting of appropriate expectations and norms of interaction...") - Starr Roxanne Hiltz and Raquel Benbunan-Fich (1997)

Surviving the shipwreck: what makes online students stay online and learn? ("Although much is written about reasons why students drop out of online courses, little is said about what makes them stay. This article reports on an experiment whereby online students were exposed to a learning experience modelled on the US television series Survivor. Twenty-four students were put into tribes and allowed to vote one another off the island at the end of each week. Students who were voted out of their tribes, were still on the course, but could no longer rely on the support of their peers. The course had a very high dropout rate, and students reported that the experience was extremely stressful. Yet there were fifteen students who completed the whole course. The question is why? This article identifies and discusses three aspects that contributed to the success of those who completed: The game metaphor, the roles and competencies of the facilitator, and the affective dimensions of peer support in a non-contact environment") - Johannes C. Cronjé et al. (Educational Technology & Society, 2006)

Taking discussion online ("Online discussion allows students to interact with classmates outside class. An online discussion is not fixed in time or space: students can log on at any time from any Internet-enabled computer to seek clarification for issues they encounter in their coursework, to discuss topics raised in class, or to initiate new discussions on related topics...") - Sarah Horton (last updated 8 Sep. 2003)

Tangled Up in Blue: The Web of Resistance to Technology and Theory - Dona J. Hickey (Academic Writing, 26 Mar. 2000)

Teaching as Coaching: Helping Students in a Technological World ("...the most dramatic change is not even at our doors yet: it is our future students, those elementary and middle-school kids who have always had computers in their lives and who will enter our classrooms with expectations that will dwarf the technological capabilities we have today.") - Newton Smith (EDUCAUSE Review, May-Jun. 2002)

Teaching Culture! A multi-national blended course for teachers of adults in Europe ("The Teaching Culture! project develops inter-cultural awareness in adult educators through blended-learning teacher training courses. The main question was whether inter-cultural awareness could develop through a course which was largely online. We experimented in monitoring the progress of inter-cultural awareness, a set of skills which are notoriously difficult to define. We used learning diaries and portfolios over two rounds of the pilot course, the first round with language teachers and the second for teachers in all subject areas. The results of our study suggest that our approach succeeds in raising inter-cultural awareness.") - Anne Fox (Teaching English with Technology, May 2006)

Teaching for Tomorrow: The Changing Role of Teachers in the Connected Classroom ("What is the impact of ICT on teachers and teaching? How is the role of the teacher changing? ICT is one of many factors stimulating change in classrooms everywhere. It is distinctive in its universal prominence and in its dual role as both a reason for change and a means for achieving it. This paper examines the impact of information and communications technology on two key aspects of education, communication and learning, and goes on to consider how it affects teaching and learning") - Janet Jenkins (Eden, 1999)

Teaching on the Net: What's the Difference? Sheryl Burgstahler (THE Journal. Apr. 1997)

Technologies of Online Learning (E-Learning) ("an examination of some of the most exciting technologies and features used in online instruction today, and those we may use tomorrow. Education is one of the fastestgrowing economic and social sectors in the world, and the use of new technologies is an integral and driving component of that growth") - Rory McGreal & Michael Elliott (In Theory and Practice of Online Learning; Summer 2003)

Technology and Second Language Teaching - Mark Warschauer and Carla Meskill (2000)

Technology in the Classroom: Practice and Promise in the 21st Century - Elizabeth Hanson-Smith (TESOL, 2001)

Technology Tools for Today's Campuses ("collection of 72 articles, presented in seven sections, includes important and useful information that you can use in deciding if you want to use such tools as listservs, e-mail, the World Wide Web (WWW), or multi-user domains (MUDs) in your teaching") - James L. Morrison, ed. (May. 1997)

Tech Tools for Learning ("Over the last few years, our relationship with the Web has been changing dramatically. Simple new technologies like weblogs and podcasts are allowing us to not only create content like text, audio, and video more easily, they are also allowing us to publish and share that content on the Web with very little effort. Instead of a “read only” Web, we’re entering the age of the Read/Write Web, where contributing knowledge is as easy as consuming it. Being able to publish worldwide this easily does raise legal and ethical issues for educators to be aware of, but it also facilitates a whole range of new learning potentials for students and teachers in the classroom. Here is a quick look at some of the technologies that are changing the way educators think about and deliver instruction.") - Will Richardson (Teaching with Technology, Jan. 2006)

Ten Great Tips for Facilitating Virtual Learning Teams ("This paper presents tips for educators who would like to successfully integrate and facilitate virtual learning teams within their on-line courses. The techniques are grounded in current research and the theoretical foundations of systems theory and group dynamics. Tips emphasize facilitation of virtual learning teams assembled for the purpose of formal education who are supported by computer-mediated communication tools.") - Margaret L. West and Lara Luetkehans (PSS Corp, Aug. 1998)

The Bad Training Blues - Kevin Kruse (Learning Circuits, Sep. 2000)

The Dangers of Just-In-Time Education ("As the value of higher education is increasingly measured by consumers looking at post-graduation work-placement rates, many of us face pressure to demonstrate the success of our programs through these placement rates. Such measures, however, assess only short-term achievement. The pressure to train students for immediate “success” often threatens to overshadow intellectual values such as critical thinking, problem solving, and the development of broad academic interests...") - Michelle Glaros (Academic Commons, Jun. 2005)

The Death of Cyberspace and the Rebirth of CALL ("... the significance of online communication lies not in its separation from the real world, but rather in how it is impacting nearly every single aspect of the real world...") - Mark Warschauer (English Teacher's Journal, 2000)

The Effects of Internet-based Instruction on Student Learning (". . .In many instances the change to an Internet-based delivery system has been instituted with little or no consideration of the impact on student learning. This paper presents data from a two-semester study of the effects of distance learning on student achievement as well as the impact of distance learning on student attitudes concerning their learning experiences. . ." - Scott B. Wegner, Ken C. Holloway and Edwin M. Garton (JALN, 1999)

The Embodiment of the online learner ("This paper seeks to establish a theoretical context by which we might begin to understand the issue of embodiment in the online classroom, a theoretical context anchored in a discussion of the accounts given by students and tutors of their experiences in online learning environments.") - Siân Bayne (ASCILITE Conference, 2004)

The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching: Trends in higher education - Jean Benoit, M'hammed Abdous and Thérèse Laferrière (1998)

The Experience Designer: Learning, Networks and the Cybersphere (" invitation to the reader to engage in an innovative system of thinking that explores, invents, imagines, probes, provokes, and builds ideas about e-Learning. The thoughts in this book are a collage of critical, creative, hopeful, and skeptical probes that are coordinated into a new system of thought and a new vision for e-Learning.") - Brian Alger (2002)

The Fifth Utility and Learning Styles (how learning styles can be applied in designing online courses; for ESL/EFL teachers) - Michael Coghlan (Oct. 1998)

The Growing Technology Gap Between Schools and Students ("BellSouth Foundation Power to Teach Program") - BellSouth (2003)

The Impact of Student Verbal/Visual Learning Style Preference on Implementing Groupware in the Classroom ("This study reports the impacts of adding groupware technology to project groups in accounting classes. Students who preferred a more visual learning style reported that the use of groupware enhanced their group project experience and helped the project run more smoothly. Students who preferred learning more verbally found significantly less enhancement from the use of groupware and did not feel that the groupware helped the project process as much.") - D'Arcy Becker and Meg Dwyer (JALN, Sep. 1998)

The "Imponderable Bloom": Reconsidering the Role of Technology in Education ("...this paper will address the problems inherent in our willingness to adopt various communication and distance learning technologies without much thought or discussion regarding the potential impact of these technologies on that which defines our humanity.") - Roberts Sanders (Innovate, Aug/Sep. 2006)

The Information-Age Mindset: Changes in Students and Implications for Higher Education - Jason L. Frand (EDUCAUSE Review, Sep-Oct. 2000)

The Innovate Gateway (a series of articles "on the role of video game technology in current and future educational settings"; Aug/Sep. 2005)

The Interactive Syllabus: A Resource-based, Constructivist Approach to Learning ("Sylvie Richards describes how an interactive syllabus can prompt students to engage with course material in adaptive ways. She first distinguishes between two different models for the interactive syllabus: a sequential form ideal for the sciences and a nonlinear form ideal for the humanities. . . then shows how such an online resource can employ multiple media and communication tools to address a variety of learning styles and to promote a more multi-dimensional experience for students. . ." - Discussion Forum) - Sylvie L. F. Richards (The Technology Source, Jul.-Aug. 2003)

Presentation on which the above paper is based: The Interactive Syllabus: A Resource-based, Constructivist Approach to Learning (includes all the examples of interactive syllabi)- Sylvie L. F. Richards

The Internet and the University: Forum 2004 ("includes the papers presented and discussed at the Forum on the Internet and the University, held during the Forum’s 2004 Aspen Symposium. The Internet Forum seeks to understand how the Internet and new learning media can improve the quality and condition of learning, as well as the opportunities and risks created by rapid technological innovation and economic change. Scholars include Stephanie Barish, Sascha Becker, Barry Bosworth, Elizabeth Daley, John Gabrieli, Don Marinelli, Joseph Nye, V. S. Ramachandran, Rosemary Michelle Simpson, Lester Thurow, and Andries van Dam. The Internet and the University: Forum 2004 is a joint publication of the Forum for the Future of Higher Education and EDUCAUSE")

The Life and Times of an E-Trainer - Lesley Darling (Learning Circuits, May 2000)

The New Face of Learning ("It's amazing in many ways that in just a few short years, we have gone from a Web that was primarily "read only" to one where creating content is almost as easy as consuming it. One where writing and publishing in the forms of blogs and wikis and podcasts and many other such tools is available to everyone. One where we can connect not just to content but to people and ideas and conversations as well.") - Will Richardson (Edutopia, Oct. 2006)

The New Literacy ("...A fundamental question for everyone involved in education — administrators, teachers, parents, and students — in this time of rapid change is, "What do students really need to be learning today in order to be ready for an unpredictable future?"...) - Sara Armstrong and David Warlick (techLearning, 15 Sep. 2004)

The New Literacy ("Reading, writing, and arithmetic no longer guarantee students a place in the workforce. A different skill set is in high demand") - David Warlick (Scholastic, Mar-Apr. 2005)

The Old Teacher in the New Classroom: Suggestions for effective distance instruction - Karen Hardin (1998)

The Online Classroom ("...In this discussion, we will be focusing on asynchronous online courses. That is, those classes that are accessed at any time, from any computer with an Internet connection. These classes do not require that all students be online at the same time, but allow students to read (or watch) and respond as convenient.") - Candice Kramer (PBS Campus, 6 Dec. 2003)

Theory and Practice of Network-Based Language Teaching (a chapter from a book edited by both writers) - Richard Kern & Mark Warschauer (2000)

Theory and Practice of Online Learning (a book online) - Terry Anderson & Fathi Elloumi

The People-Process-Product Continuum in E-Learning: The E-Leaning P3 Model ("...In this article, I discuss the stages of the e-learning process in terms of people responsible for providing various e-learning and blended learning products...") - Badrul H. Khan (Educational Technology, Sep.-Oct. 2004)

The Promise of Social Networks ("...Sharing photos is an inherently social activity and Flickr (recently acquired by Yahoo!) is the first web-based photo hosting service to successfully translate this experience into the online space. The key element that makes Flickr so unique is that online collaboration and community are interwoven as main components of the platform design...") - Derek E. Baird (techLEARNING, 1 Nov. 2005)

The Role of the Instructor in Web-Based Instruction: Are We Practicing What We Preach? ("Since it is apparent that the growth of Web-based instruction will continue, educators have a responsibility to address their role in this trend and wield its power wisely. This study examines the use of best practices identified in the literature in the instruction of Web-based courses.") - Laura LaMonica (DEOSNews, 1 Jul. 2001)

The Role of the Online Instructor/Facilitator - Zane L. Berge (1996)

The Study of Distance Education by Distance Education ("...The questions this study sought to address include (a) who the distance education graduate programs are that have emerged to provide academic preparation and leadership in distance education, (b) what some of the characteristics of these programs are, and (c) whether or not the growth in the academic discipline of distance education is keeping pace with growth in the distance education industry.") - Nathan K. Lindsay and Scott L. Howell (IJIT&DL, Sep. 2004)

The Teacher as Interface - Teachers of EFL in ICT-rich environments: Beliefs, Practices, Appropriation - Andreas Lund (PhD thesis, Sep. 2003)

The Titanic, Volkswagens and collaborative group work: Remaking old favourites with new learning technologies - Colin Baskin (AJET, 2001)

The use of computers in the assessment of student learning - Nora Mogey and Helen Watt

The Virtual Classroom: Shaping new Approaches to workplace learning ("...A central tenet of newer sociocultural learning paradigms is collective meaning making. Exploring the collective meaning making that unfolds in an e-learning experience may provide insight into what influence contemporary sociocultural research has on the design and use of e-learning technologies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore what happens in one workplace virtual synchronous classroom (VSC) event and examine factors that influence collective meaning making from the perspective of key stakeholders: the learner, the adult educator, and the software developer.") - Terrie Lynn Thompson (CADE Conference, 2003)

The Virtual Professor: A Personal Case Study - Greg Kearsley (Oct. 1997)

Three Criticisms of the Online Classroom: An examination of a higher education online course in computer-mediated communication ("Technological expertise, access to technology, additional time associated with participation, and the changing role of the instructor a just a few of the many issues the online classroom has changed (and often times inhibited) the ways students learn...") - Jannifer A. Minotti (Learning Technology, Oct. 2002)

Tools for Distance Education: Towards Convergence and Integration ("Interest in the remote delivery of language instruction has increased significantly in recent years. As the Internet has displaced synchronous video as the preferred platform for distance education, the dramatically lower cost and more modest technical requirements of Web delivery make it a feasible option for a much broader range of educational institutions. . .") - Bob Godwin-Jones (LL&T, Sep. 2003)

Understanding Participation in Online Courses: A Case Study of Perceptions of Online Interaction - Noppadol Prammanee (Mar. 2003)

Unlimited learning: Computer and video games in the learning landscape ("It didn't take long for the very first, very simple, computer games to catch the attention of education. Even with the simplest of graphics and moribund processor speeds, children were gripped, and education was fascinated.But that attention was characterised by two entirely different perspectives: some saw a ‘glass half-full’, where others saw a ‘glass half-empty’") (ELSPA, 2006)

Untangling a Tangled Web: An Overview of Web-based Instruction Programs (includes Serf, TopClass, Convene, FirstClass, Learning Space, WebCT) - Scott Fredrickson (THE Journal, Jun. 1999)

Using a Web-Based Course Management Tool to Support Face-to-Face Instruction - Nada Dabbaqh (The Technology Source, Mar.-Apr. 2002)

Using Online Interaction to Break your Addiction to Classroom Training (" learning actually lends itself to interaction, and with little effort can be far more engaging than some traditional classroom instruction... interaction is the best way to produce such necessary adult learning meta-cognition activities as self-assessment and self-correction... interaction is key to a successful online program. But how do you design engaging activities? Here are some sample exercises to get you started... Although many of the example exercises were developed for retail sales training, they’re easily adaptable to other content...") - Michael Burke (Learning Circuits, Oct. 2004)

Using Technology to Enhance a Course: The Importance of Interaction - Thomas J. Keefe (EDUCAUSE Quarterly, (1) 2003)

Using the World Wide Web to Enhance Classroom Instruction - Norman Mathew and Maryanne Dohery-Poirier (First Monday, Feb. 2000)

Using the World Wide Web to Integrate Spanish Language and Culture: A Pilot Study ("This pilot study investigates the potential role of Internet resources as a means to gain a deeper sense of the culture of the Spanish-speaking world for college students... Data collected demonstrate that the Web is a suitable tool to increase language and cultural knowledge, as well as a means to increase motivation. Pedagogical implications are discussed." - Maritza M. Osuna and Carla Meskill (LL&T, Jan. 1998)

Video games and the future of learning ("Will video games change the way we learn? We argue here for a particular view of games—and of learning—as activities that are most powerful when they are personally meaningful, experiential, social, and epistemological all at the same time. From this perspective, we describe an approach to the design of learning environments that builds on the educational properties of games, but deeply grounds them within a theory of learning appropriate for an age marked by the power of new technologies. We argue that to understand the future of learning, we have to look beyond schools to the emerging arena of video games. We suggest that video games matter because they present players with simulated worlds: worlds which, if well constructed, are not just about facts or isolated skills, but embody particular social practices. Video games thus make it possible for players to participate in valued communities of practice and as a result develop the ways of thinking that organize those practices. Most educational games to date have been produced in the absence of any coherent theory of learning or underlying body of research. We argue here for such a theory—and for research that addresses the important questions about this relatively new medium that such a theory implies.") - David W. Shaffer et al. (Dec. 2004)

Video Online ("As media on the Internet becomes cheaper, faster, and easier to use, teachers are increasingly turning to video as a means to enhance the experience of the language classroom. This paper focuses in particular on two important areas of video-based teaching and learning: authentic content and student productions, and the approaches that work with collaborative multimedia projects. The convergence of technology and pedagogy is producing highly motivated students who can express their creativity and stretch their higher cognitive abilities.") - Elizabeth Hanson-Smith and Michael  Marzio (Teaching English with Technology, May 2006)

Virtual Learning Community: Training Staff & Volunteers (Audio presentation) - Janet Salmons (Vision2Learn, 2003)

      Virtual Learning Community - Training Staff & Volunteers (Workbook) - Janet Salmons (Vision2Learn, 2003)


Virtual Teaching in Higher Education: The new Intellectual Superhighway or just another Traffic Jam? - Jerald G. Schutte (1996)

Web-based learning: Factors affecting students' satisfaction and learning experience ("Eighty–two graduate students taking a Web–based course from a Midwest university participated in the study. Web–based questionnaires were used to collect data on student demographics as well as learning experiences and styles. Findings suggest that students’ interaction with classmates and their instructor may have an impact on their satisfaction with Web–based courses. In addition, students’ gender and their perceived level of course difficulty seem to be correlated with interaction.") - Kyung-Sun Kim and Joi L. Moore (First Monday, Nov. 2005)

Webcasting - Paul Stacey (E-Learning, 4 Jun. 2004)

Web-Enhanced Lecture Course Scores Big with Students and Faculty - Brad Stith (THE Journal, Mar. 2000)

What do we mean by Blended e-Learning? ("...The blending of several communication modes gives students more flexibility in terms of the modes in which they can communicate with their fellow students and lecturer...") - University of Sussex

What is Blended Learning? ("Blended learning is not new. The concept is grounded in the idea that learning is a continuous process occurring inside and outside the classroom. In short, “blended learning” intermingles multiple learning strategies or methods with a variety of media. In contemporary terms, learning strategies and media typically include aspects of face-to-face instruction and online (or distance) learning, in combination with a rich variety of learning strategies or dimensions. Other often-used terms that describe blended learning include e-learning, blended technologies, and hybrid teaching...."; includes links to many articles) (Penn State Commonwealth College, 2004)

What Lies Beyond E-Learning? ("Just when we thought we had e-learning all figured out, it’s changing again. After years of experimentation and the irrational exuberance that characterized the late 1990s, we find our views of e-learning more sober and realistic. This is a good sign; we can make more rational forecasts of how the field will evolve. It also presents some challenges, and the direction we are heading may not be the path we originally thought we were on.")- Marc J. Rosenberg (Learning Circuits, Mar. 2006)

What Makes Students Stay? - Bridget Murray (eLearn Magazine, 12 Oct. 2001)

What Works in Blended Learning ("While blended learning isn’t a new concept, many organizations are innovatively combining electronic delivery with other media to do more with less... Here's an overview of how blended learning is being used to create tremendous value for organizations worldwide and highlight major lessons learned from these 16 major programs.") - Josh Bersin (Learning Circuits, Jul. 2003)

Why Johnny Won't Post ("Why do some students resist participating in course discussion boards when they know their grade will suffer? How can students with polished social skills come across in online courses as uncooperative and unengaged, with short postings of little substance? What causes this? Can it be fixed?") - Tim Dotson (Aug. 2003)

Working in Groups - A note to faculty and a quick guide for students (Harvard University)

Working laterally: how innovation networks make an education epidemic ("Helping students to learn better is on everybody’s agenda, and there are many different views about how this is best achieved. David Hargreaves argues that schools will be transformed only when teachers embrace the ‘hacker ethic’ – a passion for developing new practice and a readiness to share the results freely with colleagues through innovation networks.") - David H. Hargreaves (2003)

Writing for Webheads: An online writing course utilizing synchronous chat and student web pages - Vance Stevens (Apr. 1999)

Written Interaction: A Key Component in Online Learning - Judith C. Lapadat (JCMC, Jul. 2002)


Assessment and Evaluation  

9 Principles of Good Practice for Assessing Student Learning (AAHE)

Assessing Learning Objectives Bloom's Taxonomy (ION, 2003)

Assessment Glossary of Terms

Assessment in Higher Education ("This is a web site devoted to world's best practice in student assessment in higher education, and related topics: here you'll find links to online articles, books, journals, and other relevant information...") - Central Queensland University

Assessment Mechanisms (a serious of links organized by the University of New Hampshire)

Assessment Primer (FLAG)

Assessment & Rubric Information (a collection of links) - compiled by Kathy Schrock (Discovery School)

Assessment Web Resources (University of Scranton)

Assessments in Instructional Technology - a collection of links compiled by Bill Vilberg and Lin Harper

Cheating in Online Assessment: Beyond Plagiarism ("...The prevention of plagiarism has been the subject of much attention, but insufficient attention has been given to other problems of dishonesty in online assessment. We survey the types of problems that can occur and what can be done about them...") - Neil C. Rowe (OJDLA, Summer 2004)

Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) - Field-tested Learning Assessment - FLAG

Portfolios ("Student portfolios are a collection of evidence, prepared by the student and evaluated by the faculty member, to demonstrate mastery, comprehension, application, and synthesis of a given set of concepts") - Timothy F. Slater

Scoring Rubrics ("Rubrics provide a readily accessible way of communicating and developing our goals with students and the criteria we use to discern how well students have reached them") - Diane Ebert-May

Student Assessment Learning Gains ("... an on-line instrument that provides information about the specific gains that students perceive they have made in any aspects of a course that instructors have identified as important to their learning...") - Elaine Seymour, Douglas Wiese & Anne-Barrie Hunter

E-Assessment Tools ("This session studies the opportunities for e-assessment in language teaching") - Hyman Wong, Anna Koorey and Hana Prashker

Evaluating What Really Matters in Computer-Based Education ("...The purpose of this paper is to describe fourteen pedagogical dimensions of CBE that have the potential to provide improved criteria for understanding, describing, and evaluating CBE... Pedagogical dimensions are concerned with those aspects of the design and implementation of CBE that directly affect learning...") - Tom Reeves (1997)

Evaluation for Distance Educators - Barry Willis (2003)

Online Classroom Assessment (pres.) - Michael W. Lindeman (ION)

Sample Rubric (ION, 2003)

The Art of Assessing - Phil Race (1995)

Web Based Assessment (a collection of links compiled by Sunil Hazari)


Courses, Course Design, Course Tools (Evaluation)...  

Anatomy of an Online Course - Linda Cooper (THE Journal, Feb. 1999)

Another New Paradigm for Instructional Design - Reuben Tozman (Learning Circuits, Nov. 2004)

Building Community in a Blended Course: How to Build it and How Long does it Take? (.ppt presentation: "A typical course runs for 12 to 15 weeks. Is it possible for a meaningful learning community to emerge in this brief period? This presentation will explore temporal issues crucial to the emergence of voluntary online learning communities and offer suggestions to help instructors and technologists help put time on their side.") - Jane Livingston (NERCOMP Conferences, 2006)

Building Your Own Course Management System ("Many of us have used Yahoo Groups or other free services so that our students can participate in group discussions, or so that we can put material on the web that students can access via the Internet. We tend to collect 'one-trick' applications, each for a specific function. Now it is possible to go beyond that to an integrated course management system that will allow us to place all of our online functionality in a single application. By providing a common interface we can make our online material appear to be a coherent whole and simplify the way students access it.") - Thomas Robb (ETJ Journal, Spring 2004)

Classification of DE delivery systems ("... The report compares a series of CMS packages in terms of their range of features, and in relation to their satisfaction of international online education standards.") - Diane Belyk, Jeremy Schubert & Jon Baggaley (Jan. 2002)

Collaborative Learning Using Online Tools - @One, California Community Colleges (2000)

Course Design (ITC, Univ. of Tennessee)

Course Management Systems (edutools: "This site reviews each product by researching and describing more than 40 product features. . . [and] allows you to step through a number of processes to consider all the aspects of a course management system")

Course Management Systems (CMS) - John Meerts (EDUCAUSE, 20 Oct. 2003)

Course Management Systems and the Reinvention of Instruction ("...In this article, we will argue that university teachers approach the use of the CMS with a pre-existing “mental model” of how the technology should be used and that this mental model then constrains how the teachers use it, thereby using technology to reinforce traditional teaching styles. We will further dispute that there are at least two distinct mental models to account for these approaches, each with a different goal for how to use the CMS...") - Craig Ullman and Mitchell Rabinowitz (THE Journal, Oct. 2004)

Course Redesign Planning Resources (developed by the NCAT)

Criteria for Evaluating the Quality of Online Courses - Clayton R. Wright

Designing for learning: What are the essential features of an effective online course? ("How do online courses differ from traditional university courses? What are the new learning demands made on students in online courses? Which particular design features optimise the teaching and learning process in an online delivery mode?. . .") - Allison Brown (AJET, 1997)

Designs for Learning to Meet 21st Century Expectations (this site includes the abstract and a link to the video presentation) - Alma R. Clayton- Pedersen (EDUCAUSE Annual Conference, 2005)

Different pedagogical uses of VLEs with different learner groups ("This case study reviews the impact of Blackboard on teaching and learning at Kingston College, and describes the development of a model for applying the VLE in different curriculum areas." - Andrew Williams (Ferl First, 15 Apr. 2004)

Drupal ("open source content management platform")

Electronic courseware in higher education ("...In this paper we consider electronic course management systems from a pedagogical perspective, with the goal of aiding educators to effectively utilize electronic courseware in the classroom. By discussing the basics (such as terminology, functions, and uses of the most popular types of electronic courseware) and examining pedagogically based research we hope, at the broader level, to help educators at various levels of technological expertise learn and adapt their teaching styles to maximize student learning.") - Maureen C. Minielli and S. Pixy Ferris (First Monday, 5 Sep. 2005)

Elgg - A Personal Learning Landscape ("A Web publishing application combining the elements of weblogging, e-portfolios, and social networking designed to promote learning through sharing of knowledge, conversation, and reflection in a social/academic setting") - Reviewed by Aaron Campbell, Rudolf Ammann & Barbra Dieu (TESL-EJ, Sep. 2005)

ELGG vs. Moodle - Defusing a False Dicjotomy - Scott Leslie (EdTechPost, 21 Nov. 2005)

Evaluation and Selection of Web Course Management Tools - Sunil Hazari (1998)

Evaluation of Blackboard Course Tool (abstract + link to complete report) - Sunil Hazari (2002)

Evaluating Virtual/Managed Learning Environments (Ferl)

First Year French - University of Texas at Austin

Full Distance Course Basic Format - Continuing Teacher Education, University of Western Ontario

Fully Featured vs. Lean-and-Mean? ("With students in an “Educational Conferencing” graduate course, a comparison was conducted between the merits of an online collaborative package containing a wide range of features and alternative conferencing software containing only a threaded discussion and search feature only. The responses of fourteen students taking part in the study revealed a clear preference for the simpler approach...") - John Baggaley (IRRODL, Apr. 2002)

Getting Results ("A Professional Development Course for Community College Educators": this self-contained professional development course is designed to "challenge previous thinking about teaching and learning and give you the basic tools for effective classroom practices.") (NSF & WGBH, 2006)

How to evaluate a content management system - James Robertson (KM, Jan. 2002)

How to Go From Classroom Based to Online Delivery in Eighteen Months or Less: A Case Study in Online - Jane W. Gibson and Jorge M. Herrera (THE Journal, Jan. 1999)

How to: Use the Moodle Course Management System ("...The Moodle course management system is an open source system that educators can use to create online courses...") - Jeffrey Branzburg (techLearning, 15 Aug. 2005)

ICT focusing on MLE/VLEs ("This curriculum project brought together a number of practicing educationalists to undertake a study into VLEs. The outcome has been highly commendable. The group has made a valuable contribution to the FE sector by reviewing a number of the VLE platforms and exploring the wider organisational issues relating to their implementation.")

Innovating Instruction ("a variety of interactive programs that help teachers to inspire their students...") - Teaching Matters

Integrating the Internet in the Classroom - Michael Krauss

Introduction to the use of Communications and Information Technology (C&IT) for Teaching and Learning - Susi Peacock and Allison Littlejohn

Kolabora's Tools ("The Kolabora's Tools page showcases all of the best collaboration and conferencing and live presentation technologies that offer an immediate access, free-trial or download of their tools. From here you can directly try-out and review any of the best tools available in the market.")

Learning Activity Management Sequences (LAMS) ("Based on learning design, where groups of people use resources to do activities within an environment, LAMS presents a contrast to conventional VLEs as it is activity- rather than content-centred. It can be used to present learners with a sequence of activities, forming a single teaching session or a whole course.") - Vivien Sieber (ALT, Aug. 2005)

Learning Management Systems: Are We There Yet? ("The LMS has reached maturity but is racing to keep up with changing requirements on campus and to meet the need for integration with other enterprise systems and a more collaborative working environment. Reminiscent of the kids in the back of the car on your family’s summer vacation, the persistent question about this technology seems to be, “Are we there yet?” Syllabus asked the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation’s vice president for research in information technology about his vision for learning management systems and related technologies.") - Interview with Ira Fuchs (Campus Technology, 2004)

Match Teaching Strategies and Tools - CIT, UNC-CH

Models of Online Courses ("I  propose a rather simple framework within which to consider the very wide range of existing online courses. The mystification surrounding the term "online course" arises because it is used indiscriminately to apply to nearly any course which makes even a passing use of the Internet, as well as to those where every aspect of the course is only accessible electronically. . . I think it is useful to begin to define the online educational world if only for others to redefine for themselves") - Robin Mason (ALN Magazine, Oct. 1998)

Moodle ("Moodle is a course management system (CMS) - a software package designed to help educators create quality online courses..... One of the main advantages of Moodle over other systems is a strong grounding in social constructionist pedagogy. . . Moodle is Open Source software, which means you are free to download it, use it, modify it...".)

Moodle: A Virtual Learning Environment for the Rest of Us - Tom Robb (TESL-EJ, Sep. 2004)

Moodle 'manual' - Martin Dougiamas

Moodle meanderings (pros & cons)

Moodle Teacher Manual - Matt Riordan

Using Moodle Virtual Learning Environment Software ("This report describes one lecturer’s experience using Moodle, an example of Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) software, to deliver online learning. It covers recent practice in using intranet websites for delivering resources within Penwith College, and shows how the VLE approach offers an interactive, richer learning experience...") - Andy Diament (2004)

Moodle: An electronic classroom ("Moodle is the name of a program that allows the classroom to extend onto the web. This program allows a common place for students to go for many classroom resources. Using Moodle, you can post news items, assign and collect assignments, post electronic journals and resources, and more. This manual seeks to introduce you to the features of this program.") - Matt Riordan (n.d.)

MVCR - Making the Virtual Classroom a Reality (an online training series for online educators)

NEW: The Network Education Ware Project ("NEW is a powerful and robust Internet teaching and conferencing environment based on open-source Internet conferencing software; a suite of open-source distance education software, which is highly modular and makes efficient use of both network bandwidth and human time; easy to adapt for a wide variety of distance education and conferencing uses")

Nuvvo ("free on-demand eLearning")

    Breaking new ground with Nuvvo and Skype

Online Course Caps: A Survey - Boris Vilic (Syllabus, Jul. 2004)

Online Course Development: What Does it Cost? - Judith V. Boettcher (Syllabus, Jul. 2004)

Open Source Course Management Systems (a list of products, notes and reviews compiled by Scott Leslie, edtechpost/edutools)

Robin Good's Official Guide to Web Conferencing and Live Presentation Tools (updated May 2005)

Seven Principles of Effective Teaching: A Practical Lens for Evaluating Online Courses - Charles Graham et al. (The Technology Source, Mar.-Apr. 2001)

Seven Principles of Good Teaching Practice (how WebCT can help address these teaching and learning goals)

So, what is a content management system? - James Robertson (KM, 3 Jun. 2003)

Teaching and Learning with the Net Generation ("As the Net Generation places increasingly greater demands on educators, students and teachers must jointly consider innovative ways of teaching and learning. In this, educators are supported by the fact that the Net Generation wants to learn. However, these same educators should not fail to realize that this generation learns differently from previous generations. Kassandra Barnes, Raymond Marateo, and S. Pixy Ferris offer some defining characteristics of Net Geners' learning style and then evaluate ways in which educators are adapting teaching in order to guarantee effective learning by a generation of digital natives. The article's evaluation and advice carries particular resonance as it is written from an insiders' perspective—by two members of the Net Generation and one educator who enjoys teaching them") - Kassandra Barnes, Raymond C. Marateo and S. Pixy Ferris (Innovate, Apr/May 2007)

Teaching in the One Computer Classroom - Mary Lou McCloskey and Emily Thrush

Teaching with the 'Net (syllabus)

The CMS Lifecycle (KM)

The Myth about Online Course Development ("But what is a course? And how should a course be put online? Instructors are being challenged to move beyond the notion of a course as covering content to the idea of a course as constructing a series of learning environments and activities. Effective learning motivates learners, develops their skills, and enables learners to transfer their new skills to other settings. Interaction is a critical part of the learning experience. How will that be facilitated online?") - Diana G. Oblinger and Brian L. Hawkins (EDUCAUSE Review, Jan/Feb 2006)

The Sociality of Information Technologies - Lucy Suchmann (Lancaster University, 2002)

Tools for Developing Interactive Academic Web Courses: Evaluation (Learn Space, Top Class, WebCT, Tool Book) - The University of Manitoba

Using Tablet Technology and Recording Software to Enhance Pedagogy ("In the following case study, we assess the integration of these tools in three different courses in order to determine whether their use makes a significant difference in student learning") - David Radosevich and Patricia Kahn (Innovate, Aug/Sep. 2006)

VLE Comparison Grid (last updated 8 Dec. 2003)

Web-Based Training Information Center (WBTIC) ("a free information resource for anyone interested in developing and delivering online learning. Here you will find articles about Web-based training and industry trends...")

Web Course Evaluation Questionnaire - Paul Biner, Ball State University

WebCT Communication Hubs (presentation) - Michael Coghlan (Apr. 2001)

WebCT Tour

World Lecture Hall



A Model for Learning how to Teach Advanced Literacy Skills via Computer Mediated Communication ("The thesis proposes and examines a two-faceted subject based approach to allow preservice teachers to practice using and teaching with the internet. The suggested framework is task-based, content-based and uses the buddy-mentor approach. Each preservice teacher is paired with a pupil learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL).  The pair works together through the internet –asynchronously- to complete tasks. Simultaneously, the preservice teacher uses the tools of the internet to create additional personalized learning tasks for the pupil.  The framework is a distributed learning framework where the preservice teachers meet with the instructor on a weekly basis.") - Elaine Hoter (2001)


Developing and Testing Vocabulary Training Methods and Materials for Japanese College Students Studying English as a Foreign Language ("The study reported here had three major objectives: (1) assessment of average vocabulary and comprehension levels of Japanese college students studying English as a second language (ESL) and comparison of the effectiveness of several formats for teaching vocabulary, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension; (2) comparison of three media (traditional silent-reading, audiolingual methods in a language laboratory, and author-designed computer software in a computer laboratory) for teaching vocabulary and reading comprehension; and (3) gaining insights into second language teaching in general and ESL instruction in Japan in particular. Instructional materials were derived from one vocabulary workbook series. Subjects were first- through third-year students at six institutions in Japan. Results indicate that the intensive vocabulary training methods developed for the study were successful in teaching vocabulary usage and retention, with reading and listening comprehension improving as more vocabulary was mastered. Implications for classroom teaching and for future research are outlined. Extensive materials are appended. Contains 293 references. (MSE)") (ERIC ED406844) - John Paul Loucky (Sep. 1994)


Humanizing Learning-At-Distance ("The heuristic study was an exploration of how twenty synchronous online instructors fostered successful e- learning experiences for the whole-person. The resulting set of eight instructional principles may be used to guide successful synchronous learning experiences...") - Kathleen Barclay (2001)



Adapting Online Computer Games to the Online EFL Classroom - Kyle Mawer & Graham Stanley (jan. 2006)

Are Video Games Evil? ("The important thing to find out about video games isn't whether they
are teachers. The question is . . . what do they teach?
") - Chris Suellentrop (WQ, Summer 2006)

Digital Game-Based Learning: It's not Just the Digital Natives who are Restless ("The combined weight of three factors has resulted in widespread public interest in games as learning tools." These factors are (1) "ongoing research conducted by DGBL [digital
game-based learning] proponents;" (2) "today's 'Net Generation,' or 'digital natives,' who have become disengaged with traditional
instruction;" and (3) "the increased popularity of games. . . nearly as many digital games were sold as there are people in the United States (248 million games vs. 293.6 million residents.)"
) - Richard van Eck (EDUCAUSE Review, Mar-Apr 2006)

Game-Based Learning: How to Delight and Instruct in the 21st Century (" videogames (arguably one of the most sophisticated forms of information technology to date) are influencing higher education...

We discussed the following six topics:

  • The dysfunctions of conventional instruction

  • The power of simulations

  • The importance of game-based learning communities

  • The reasons videogames promise a better learning future

  • The changes necessary for the new paradigm to take hold

  • The practical steps that colleges/universities and influential academics can take to move institutions down the trail blazed by USC and others.") - Joel Foreman (EDUCAUSE Review, Sep-Oct. 2004)

Games, not school, are teaching kids to think ("...when kids play videogames they can experience a much more powerful form of learning than when they're in the classroom. Learning isn't about memorizing isolated facts. It's about connecting and manipulating them...") - James Paul Gee (Wired, May 2003)

Gender and Computer Games: Exploring Females' Dislikes ("On average, girls and women are less involved with video games than are boys and men, and when they do play, they often prefer different games. This article reports two studies that investigated the dislikes of German females with regard to video games. Study 1 applied conjoint analysis to female respondents' (N=317) ratings of fictional video games and demonstrated that lack of meaningful social interaction, followed by violent content and sexual gender role stereotyping of game characters, were the most important reasons why females disliked the games. Study 2, an online survey (N=795), revealed that female respondents were less attracted to competitive elements in video games, suggesting an explanation for gender-specific game preferences. These findings are discussed with respect to communication theory on interactive entertainment and their implications for applied video game design") - (JCMC, Tilo Hartmann and Christoph Klimmt (JCMC, 2006)

Harnessing the power of video games for learning ("The success of complex video games demonstrates games can teach higherorder thinking skills such as strategic thinking, interpretative analysis, problem solving, plan formulation and execution, and adaptation to rapid change. These are the skills U.S. employers increasingly seek in workers and new workforce entrants. These are the skills more Americans must have to compete with lower cost knowledge workers in other nations. Games and simulations can also serve as powerful “hands-on” tools for teaching practical and technical skills, from automotive repair to heart surgery. In addition, today’s students who have grownup with digital technology and video games are especially poised to take advantage of the features of educational games.") - Federation of American Scientists (Summit on Educational Games 2006)

Learning in Immersive Worlds: A review of game-bases learning (a report) - Sara de Freitas (JISC e-Learning Program)

Learning with Games, Learning by Making Games (links to several papers) (Italics e-journal, Vol. 5, Oct. 2006)

Scavenger Hunt Enhances Students' Utilization of Blackboard ("The use of the Scavenger Hunt game has made the use of a
web-based course management system, like Blackboard, less threatening for students and has significantly reduced the need for additional instructor time to deal with technology-related issues throughout the
) - Dianne C. Jones (Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, Jun 2006)

Simulations, Games, and Learning ("Today’sgames are complex, take up to 100 hours, require collaboration with others, and involve developing values, insights, and new knowledge. They are immersive virtual worlds that are augmented by a more complex external environment that involves communities of practice, the buying and selling of game items, blogs, and developer communities. In many ways, games have become complex learning systems") - Diana Oblinger (ELI, May 2006)

The Games Children Play (a 30-min. video; "...This programme features two leading academics who support the use of games in education are Henry Jenkins, director of comparative media studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Jim Gee, professor of education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison...")

Where everybody knows your (Screen) Name: Online games as "Thrid Places" ("A theoretical framework is presented for understanding the extent to which massively multiplayer online games are similar to 'third places' (Oldenburg, 1999) for informal sociability, and their potential function in terms of social capital.") - Constance Steinkuehler and Dmitri Williams (Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2006)


Guides, Guidelines, Hints and Tips  

10 Easy steps to Creating Your Online Course: A Blackboard Tip Sheet

10 Tips to Optimize your E-Learning - Beth Archibald Tang (Learning Circuits, Nov. 2000)

7 Things You Should Know About... ("provides concise information on emerging learning practices and technologies. Each brief focuses on a single practice or technology and describes what it is, how it works, where it is going, and why it matters to teaching and learning..."; ELI, Sep. 2005)

8 Ways to Get Students More Engaged in Online Conferences (A Blackboard Tip Sheet) - W. R. Klemm

834 Tips for Successful Online Instruction (a downloadable e-book) - (The eLearning Guild, Dec. 2005)

A Field Guide to Cross-Cultural Projects - Sheila Offman Gersh (techLEARNING, 15 Nov. 2004)

A Guide to Online Education ("The purpose of this Guide is to introduce some of the basic characteristics of online education. It is intended for students or teachers who are new to this domain and looking for some suggestions and advice about how to make it a more enjoyable and worthwhile endeavor...") - Greg Kearsley (1998)

A Quick-Start Guide to Getting Online (basic requirements for getting started with online study)

A Teacher's Guide to Distance Learning - Ann Barron (1999)

An Instructor's Guide to Live E-Learning - Christine L. Duckworth (Learning Circuits, July 2001)

Avoiding Online Discussion Pitfalls (San Francisco State University)

Be an Active and Participative Instructor - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, 5 Dec. 2003)

Collaborative Learning: The Art of Letting Go (Suggestions, Websites, Books & Articles)

Connecting with Students Online - Eileen Harden (techLearning, 14 Sep. 2004)

Creating Online Courses: A Step-by-Step Guide - William R. Klemm (The Technology Source, May/Jun. 2001)

Dealing with Resistant Teachers (quick tips) - Barbara Bray (techLEARNING, 10 Dec. 2004)

Defining Attributes of a Learning Community - Barbara Bray (techLearning, 6 Jan. 2006)

Description of Connectivism - G. Siemens (2 Mar. 2005)

Develop a Telecollaboration (tips and reminders)

Distance Learning: A Step-by-Step Guide for Trainers (a media selection matrix)

Early preview of Skypecasts - Jaanus (2 May 2006)

Effectively Using Electronic Conferencing (Do's and Don'ts)

Electronic Collaboration: A Practical Guide for Educators - a joint production of LAB, NSN and TEECH, 1999

Facilitating Every Student in an Online Course - Virgil E. Varvel Jr. (ION, Mar.-Apr. 2001)

Facilitating Online Learning - Michael Coghlan (1999)

Facilitation Skills (in a Professional Learning Community) - Trena Noval (techLearning, 13Jan. 2006)

Getting Ready to Teach Online - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Feb. 2001)

Glossaries (different resources)

Glossary - Compiled by Eva Kaplan-Leiserson (Learning Circuits)

Grabbing Audio and Video Streaming Files from the Web ("You may have faced a problem of not being able to use some of the Web materials in class due to the simple reason of them being provided in a streaming format... I managed to find a solution to the problem of capturing the audio files of my choice I wanted to include in the listening practice of my classes") - Wojciech Korput (Teaching English with Technology, Jan. 2006)

Guidelines for Establishing Interactivity in Online Courses ("Students are most successful in online courses that provide ample opportunities for them to interact with the instructor, other students, and the course content. An interactive online course must engage students as active learners rather than as passive participants. How can instructors design virtual classrooms that offer students with a variety of learning styles and preferences the greatest chance of success? This article suggests ways of increasing interactivity in online educational environments.") - Mark Mabrito (Innovate, Dec.2004/Jan. 2005)

Guiding Change for the Awareness Stage (quick tips) - Barbara Bray (techLEARNING, 7 Dec. 2004)

Guiding Change for the Informational Stage (quick tips) - Barbara Bray (techLEARNING, 14 Dec. 2004)

Handbook for Instructors on the Use of Electronic Class Discussion - prepared by Nancy Chism 

Hints for Learning Online - University of Guelph Learners Resources (1998)

How to Be an E-Learner - Nuala Sweeney (Learning Circuits, May 2001)

How to develop an Online Course - Priya Williams

      7 Quick steps to developing an online course - Priya Williams

      10 Tips for online course development - Priya Williams

      Development Process (an interactive tutorial)

How to Keep Online Students Motivated - Kate Butler (AFLC, May 2003)

How to Succeed in Distance Learning Courses (1997)

Humanizing Learning-At-Distance: Fostering Successful Synchronous Learning - Kathleen Barclay (2001)

Introduction to Distance Learning

Key Elements of an Online Program (ION, 2003)

Key Factors in Synchronous Delivery - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Feb. 2000)

Making Synchronous Training a Success (though these do's and don'ts are meant for organizations, there are many useful hints for a purely educational institution) - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Jan. 2000)

Managing One or a Few Computers - Barbara Bray (techLearning, 1 Nov. 2005)

No Significant Difference Phenomenon ("This website has been designed to serve as a companion piece to Thomas L. Russell's book, "The No Significant Difference Phenomenon" (2001, IDECC, fifth edition). Mr. Russell's book is a fully indexed, comprehensive research bibliography of 355 research reports, summaries and papers that document no significant differences (NSD) in student outcomes between alternate modes of education delivery")

Online Learning (How to get the most out of your online learning experience) - San Diego State University

Online Response Time - Patricia Phillips-Batoma (ION, Aug. 2000)

Online Teaching Tips - Karla Embleton

Reducing Online Cheating - Karla Embleton (Nov. 2002)

Stave Off these Seven Pitfalls of Distance Learning - Moises Sheinberg (Learning Circuits, Apr. 2000)

Strategies for Labs or Multiple Computers - Barbara Bray (techLearning, 4 Nov. 2005)

Synchronous Exercises from Scratch - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, May 2001)

Synchronous Team Teaching: Put your Heads Together - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, Nov. 2001)

Techniques for Designing and Delivering an Online Course (San Francisco State University)

Technologies - WBTIC

The Pros and Cons of Distance Learning

The Role of Student and Teacher in the Online Classroom - Leslie Bowman (May 2001)

Tips for Communicating in an Electronic Environment - Aina G. Irbe (Learning Circuits, Feb. 2002)

Tips for Interactive Electronic Communication - Donna Reiss (Jul. 2000)

Tips on Shaping a Virtual Learning Space - Linda Harasim et al. (Sep. 1994)

Trouble in Paradise - L. Harasim (Sep. 1994)

Tips for Online Learning - Jeff Hunter (AFLC, Dec. 2002)

Tips for Online Success (for students) - (ION, 2003)

Tips for Training Online Instructors - Greg Kearsley (2001)

What Distance Learners Should Know About Instructional Technology

What Makes a Successful Online Facilitator? (ION, 2003)

What Makes a Successful Online Student? (ION, 2003)

Why Computer Conferencing? - Linda Harasim (Sep. 1994)

Working in Goups (on or offline)



Academic Commons ("a forum for investigating and defining the role that technology can play in liberal arts education")

Association for Learning Technology (ALT)

Educause Review

e-JIST: E-Journal of Instructional Science and Technology

eLearn (Education and Technology in Perspective)

First Monday


Interactive Educational Multimedia (monographic and peer-reviewed articles; Oct. 2005)

JOLT: Journal of Online Learning and Teaching

Journal of Information Technology Education

Learning Link (links to Learning & teaching Journals)


The Technology Source Archives


Learning and Technology (CALL et al.)  

A Developmental Perspective on Technology in Language Education - Mark Warschauer (2002)

An Illustrated History of Computer Assisted Language Learning - Philippe Delcloque (May 2000)

Are Technology-Using Students Better Learners? ("...I'm going to talk about the role of technology in our classrooms. I'm going to focus on computer and Internet technology, though many of us use video, as well, in our classes. I'll start by talking about technology's promise, then look at the reality of how teachers and students actually use computers in the classroom...") - Deborah Healey (Nov. 2001)

Bridging the Technology Proficiency Gap through Peer Mentoring ("...This project was a formal peer mentoring relationship strictly for the acquisition of curricular-driven technology integration skills.... This case study provided evidence that teachers who previously did not integrate technology changed their methodology to include this new tool. As they did this, they began to see the value in technology as it brought students to new and higher levels of learning.") - Frank Rudnesky (techLEARNING, 1 Nov. 2004)

CALL4All (World CALL Directory)

CALL: Computer-Assisted Language Learning (IdeaBank of CALL) (Oct. 2004)

CALL in the year 2000: Still in Search of Research Paradigms? ("Advancements in the design and use of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) activities require that key questions about CALL be identified and effective research methods be used to answer them. In this paper, I suggest looking to research on other types of second language (L2) classroom learning activities for guidance in framing CALL research questions and in discovering relevant research methods...") - Carol Chapelle (LL&T, Jul. 1997

CALL Resources - Compiled by John Higgins (last updated 18 Dec. 1999)

CDW-G Teachers Talk Technology 2005

Computer-Assisted Language Learning (Resources) - Compiled by Claire Bradin Siskin (last updated 30 Aug. 2001)

Computer-Assisted Language Learning (an introduction) - Graham Davies (2002)

Computer-Assisted Language Learning @ Chorus - Jim Duber (last updated 26 Feb. 2005)

Computer-Assisted Language Learning: An Introduction ("...This article provides brief overview of how computers have been used and are being used for language teaching. It focuses not on a technical description of hardware and software, but rather on the pedagogical questions that teachers have considered in using computers in the classroom...") - Mark Warsvhauer (1996)

Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Where are we now and where are we going? - Graham Davies (Aug. 2003)

Computer Support for Knowledge-Building Communities ("... In this article we offer a suggestion for how to escape the pattern of reinventing the familiar with educational technology. Knowledge-building discourse is at the heart of the superior education that we have in mind. We argue that the classroom needs to foster transformational thought, on the part of both students and teachers, and that the best way to do this is to replace classroom-bred discourse patterns with those having more immediate and natural extensions to the real world...") - Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter (1994)

Creating Organizational Environments Supporting CALL Teachers: A One-Point Perspective ("This paper is a CALL specialist’s reflection on creating organisational/institutional environments supporting teachers’ development in CALL within the particular setting of a university-based English language centre providing intensive programs to international students. It will describe the successes and the challenges, the journey and the lessons learnt from this six-year process. It will argue that commitment to empowering teachers, which leads to greater teacher and learner autonomy, should be at the core of such endeavours.") - Renata Chylinski (PacCALL Journal, Summer 2005)

Cutting Edge CALL Demos ("...demo activities which are the result of my experiments with different ways of using new technologies to deliver Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) modules via the web")  - Jim Duber

Electronic Education: Using CALL: What's the Pay Off? ("...I have been compiling a list of "reasons to use CALL" for the past 17 years. In offering some of them here, I acknowledge that many of these points have not been substantiated by research and that not every point will be relevant in every teaching situation.") - Claire Bradin Siskin (ALR, Mar/Apr. 2000)

Electronic Networks and Science Education (" has been found that teachers and students develop new instructional strategies and classroom organization when participating in telecommunication projects. A wide variety of telecommunication projects are explained including tele-apprenticeships, problem solving, and scientific investigations....") - Rita Hagevik (Meridian, Summer 2000)

Emerging Technologies: Tools and Trends in Self-Paced Language Instruction - Robert Godwin-Jones (LL&T, Jun. 2007)

Encouraging Resistant Educators to Use Technology (NCREL, 1999)

Expert and Novice Teachers Talking Technology: Precepts, Concepts, and Misconcepts ("... This study compares and contrasts the "technology talk" of novice and expert teachers of K-8 language and literacy (ESOL). Interview data with eight teachers... serve to illustrate the conceptual and practical differences between those who have adapted technologies as powerful teaching and learning tools and teachers who, in spite of specific formal training in instructional technology, speak about it and its application in starkly contrasting ways...") - Carla Meskill, Jonathan Mossop, Stephen DiAngelo, and Rosalie K. Pasquale (LL&T, Sep. 2002)

Getting Serious about High Tech - David Parker (NYTimes Online, 20 May 2001)

Hands-On Learning ("...Desiring a more comprehensive solution, the educators pioneered an innovative program to seamlessly integrate handheld computers into all areas of the curriculum and foster increased student organization. The school also decided to hold students accountable for the palmOne handhelds throughout the day and allow students to take them home at night as preparation for the itinerancy of Middle School the following year...") - Jenny Garetto (techLearning, 1 Sep. 2005)

How People Learn (and What Technology Might Have to do with it) ("... technology integration in schools is not easy to achieve, no matter how much evidence we have that it can help learning. It's also important to integrate technology appropriately...") - Marcy P. Driscoll (ERIC, Oct. 2002)

How to Overcome Technology Integration Barriers - Peter J. Dragula (techLEARNING, 1 Apr. 2005)

ICT4LT Resource Centre - Graham Davies (last updated 7 Aug. 2005)

Innovative Teaching: Sharing Expertise through Videoconferencing ("...This article will illustrate our process of developing videoconferencing as a tool for international collaboration, with consideration of the technological and pedagogical challenges we faced as well as the advantages this tool holds as a cost-effective means of enhanced student learning...") - Michael Lück and Gerard M. Laurence (Innovate, Oct./Nov. 2005)

Introduction: Theory and Practice of Network-Based Language Teaching - Richard Kern and Mark Warschauer (2000)

IT Challenges in Higher Education ("The integration and application of instructional technologies (IT) in higher education is a complex issue. The advocates for IT cite the many benefits of its implementation and use in education. However, a range of barriers inhibits and prevents increased technology use by professors in higher education.") - Cynthia Gautreau (techLearning, 1 Jan. 2006)

Keeping up with practices in language teaching with ICT and some applications to ELICOS setting ("As students become increasingly become increasingly "digitally native" their teachers face the ongoing challenge of keeping up with technology for providing relevant and current language instruction using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). This challenge seems greater in intensive language training settings, often due to operational rather than technology-related reasons. This paper will examine current ICT trends and new ICT tools as observed  through the activities discussed by an online community of practice. It will then analyse conditions required for their successful implementation into language teaching and thus allow CALL ELICOS practitioners to make more informed decisions about their course design and delivery.") - Renata Chylinski (PacCALL, Jul. 2006)

Language Interactive: A Trailguide to Creating Dynamic Web Pages ("This trailguide is intended for language teachers with an interest in the application of technology to language learning. The information and methods described are applicable in K-12 or higher education. The specific focus is on the World Wide Web...") - Bob Godwin-Jones (1998)

      Ten Ways to Enhance Teaching through Technology - Bob Godwin-Jones (Jun. 1997)

Lessons from the past, lessons deo the future: 20 years of CALL - Graham Davies (2004)

Linking Students to the Infosphere - Boris Berenfeld (THE Journal, Apr. 1996)

Maximizing Face-to-Face and Online Interaction in the Computer Lab ("What makes using technology better than not using it? This question about the benefits and drawbacks of using technology has come up often in my work with English language learners and technology. Although I am a technophile, I have moments of doubt - particularly when the inevitable technical glitches happen at the worst possible times.") - Paige Ware (Essential Teacher, Dec. 2005)

Meaningful Digital Video for Every Classroom (..."in practice, videomaking in the classroom takes dedication, inspiration, and plenty of extra time, not to mention the additional management and equipment responsibilities it tacks on to your day-to-day duties. It is flat-out hard work. Despite those difficulties, teachers have always made great videos. Perhaps this is due to a combination of the tremendous appeal of video, the deep satisfaction of seeing stellar projects on the television set, and the knowledge that work can be archived in media collections. Plus, of course, the great educational benefits to students. But for most teachers, these benefits have not been enough to offset the extra management and hardware burdens. With a state-funded technology mandate, fellow educators and I set out to change that. Now, after three years of trying, I think we've finally learned the keys to making meaningful digital videomaking a part of every teacher's classroom...") - Hall Davidson (techLearning, 5 Apr. 2004)

Observations, Reflections & Research of a Laptop Classroom - Marian Cmapbell & Jerry Woodbridge (techLEARNING, 1 Jul. 2004)

Scholarly Activities in Computer Assisted Language Learning: Development, Pedagogical Innovations, and Research (1999)

Scholarly Web Searching: Google Scholar and Scirus ("...Time will tell whether it becomes a major access tool and replaces some of the traditional indexing and abstracting services or ends up as yet another orphaned initiative. In the meantime, it offers certain benefits and uses, as do several other free Web-based scholarly search tools such as Scirus. Unfortunately, none are even close to comprehensive. Each tool covers one segment exclusively or in very different ways...") - Greg R. Notess (Information Today, Jul./Aug. 2005)

Seeing is Believing - Technology Integration in Practice (GLEF)

Tangled Up in Blue: The Web of Resistance to Technology and Theory - Dona J. Hickey (Academic Writing, 2000)

Teacher Use of Computer and the Internet in Public Schools (NCES, Apr. 2000)

Technology and Learning Expectations of the Net Generation ("Higher education often talks about the Net Generation's expectations for the use of technology in their learning environments. However, few efforts have been made to directly engage students in a dialogue about how they would like to see faculty and their institutions use technology to help students learn more effectively. Through a series of interviews, polls, focus groups, and casual conversations with other students, I gained a general understanding of the Net Generation's views on technology and learning") - Gregory R. Roberts (EDUCAUSE, 2005)

Technology as Cognitive Tools: Learners as Designers - David H. Jonassen (1994)

Technology Refusal and the Organizational Culture of Schools ("...This paper proposes that technology is never neutral: that its values and practices must always either support or subvert those of the organization into which it is placed; and that the failures of technology to alter the look-and-feel of schools more generally results from a mismatch between the values of school organization and those embedded within the contested technology.") - Steven Hodas (EPAA, 14 Sep. 1993)

    From Technology Refusal to Technology Acceptance: A Reprise ("This article suggests ways for school districts to address the serious obstacles to change outlined in Steven Hodas' 1993 piece, "Technology Refusal and the Organizational Culture of Schools,"...) - Jamie McKenzie (FNO, May 1994)

Technophilia vs. Technophobia: A Preliminary Look at Why Second-Language Teachers Do or Do Not Use Technology in their Classrooms ("Given the increasing pressure exerted by technological developments on education, it is important to understand the perceived `technophobia' of teachers and to determine whether fear is the underlying factor behind their decisions regarding technology... This finding suggests that teachers are not really `technophobic' and that institutions are perhaps overly `technophilic' in their rush to obtain the latest innovations without considering the needs of teachers and students.") - Yvonne Lam (CMLR, Mar. 2000)

The Dark Side of the Web - Claire Bradin Siskin (1997)

The end of CALL and how to achieve it ("The title of this paper intentionally contains a double entendre. As in Neil Postman’s famous (1995) book, The End of Education, the term “end” in the title has two meanings. First, it signifies an ultimate goal or purpose, and second, it indicates the finish or completion of a task. In this paper I connect those two meanings to argue that CALL as a field should and will end if we meet its goal successfully. The purpose of this argument is to stimulate discussion, but more, to encourage those of us in this field to reflect on what we believe and do.") - Joy Egbert (Teaching English with Technology, May 2006)

The Impact of CALL Instruction on Classroom Computer Use: A Foundation for Rethinking Technology in Teacher Education ("This purpose of this study is to examine how language teachers apply practical experiences from computer-assisted language learning (CALL) coursework to their teaching. It also examines ways in which teachers continue their CALL professional development...") - Joy Egbert, Trena M. Paulus and Yoko Nakamichi (LL&T, Sep. 2002)

The Teacher's Technology Manifesto - Doug Johnson (11 Dec. 2005)

    My "teacher's technology manifesto" - Gladys Baya

Toward an Effective Integration of Technology: Message Boards for Strengthening Communication ("This paper reports on preliminary findings from a longitudinal study on the integration of multimedia and the internet technologies into language teaching.  Phase I of the study included novice computer users’ approaches to multimedia design. Phase II explored the correlations between their attitudes and cognitive styles; and Phase III focused on their attitudes and beliefs about the use of computer-mediated communication (CMC) tools. The current paper discusses and reports the findings from the last phase...") - Arif Altun (TOJET, Jan. 2005)

Twenty Practical Uses of a Computer for the EFL Professional - Chris Elvin

Using Technology in Learning to Speak the Language of Film ("...By working through the process of integrating technology with the course content, we have used a series of assignments to help students apply what they have learned in the classroom, deepen their understanding of the course material, and develop confidence in their ability to use technology effectively in presenting their own ideas and understanding. In the following analysis, we discuss the importance of planning in the development of technology-based assignments, of collaboration between faculty and instructional technologists, and of the role of public presentations for enhancing students’ learning. We conclude that by incorporating appropriate technology in the process of learning, students not only engage the materials of the course more enthusiastically, they also feel empowered..." - Patricia O'Neill and Janet Simons (Academic Commons, Jul. 2005)

Videoconferencing K-12: The state of the art ("...This article will outline the advantages that IVC provides for teachers in K-12 education, identify resources and research for those interested in using this technology in their teaching, and assess the current potential of videoconferencing to be implemented on a wider scale by K-12 teachers...") - Scott Merrick (Innovate, Oct./Nov. 2005)

      Interactive Videoconferencing @ USN ("The links in this section will take you to online celebrations of Videoconferencing events in the form of Web pages or picture albums")

      Videoconferencing Deserves a Second Look! - Lorrie Jackson (Education World, Jan. 2005)

Web Research: Ten Tips for the Techno-Challenged ("...10 craft secrets that can boost you into the ranks of the supersearchers...") - Michael Simkins (techLEARNING, 15 Jun. 2005)

WELL (Web-Enhanced Language Learning) Project

When CALL was Uncharted Territory - Claire Bradin Siskin (Essential Teacher, Winter 2004)

When Teachers don't Get it: Myths, Misconceptions, and other Taradiddle ("There is nothing more frustrating, perhaps, than a school district’s spending literally millions of dollars on hardware and software for instructional use only to be met by a barrage of excuses from otherwise well-meaning teachers explaining why computer labs, projectors, digital cameras, and other exciting technologies are “not for them.”") - Jim Holland (techLearning, 1 Dec. 2005)

Where Have We Come From? What Has CALL Really Achieved? - Peter Liddell and Claire Bradin Siskin (IALL, 1999)


  Learning Styles, Theories, Strategies...  

About Learning (Funderstdanding)

A journey into Constructivism - Martin Dougiamas (Nov. 1998)

Aprendizagem Colaborative Assistida por Computador (Minerva, Évora, 2000)

Collaborative Learning: Small Group Learning Page (1997)

Cooperative and Collaborative Learning

Cooperative Learning

Cooperative Learning, Values, and Culturally Plural Classrooms - David W. Johnson and Roger T. Johnson

Learning Styles and the Online Environment (ION, last updated 8 May 2005)

What is the Collaborative Classroom? - M. B. Tinzmann et al. (1990)

M-Learning (Mobile learning)  

iPod in Education: The Potential for Language Acquisition - Jeff McQuillan (2006)

iPods help ESL students achieve success: Students are learning English through songs, audio books, and more - Meris Stansbury (eClassroom News, 11 May 2009)

Learning with mobile devices: research and development - a book of papers edited by Jill Atewell and Carol Savill-Smith (2004)


Plagiarism and Cheating  

Avoiding Plagiarism (UC Davis, last modified 25 Oct. 2001)

Beating Cheating Online: Preventing Plagiarism and Cheating in Online Courses (ION, 1999)

Cheating's Never Been Easier - Kendra Mayfield (Wired News, 4 Sep. 2001)

Copyscape ("Search for copies of your page on the Web")

Curbing Academic Dishonesty in Online Courses - Mike McNett (ION, May-Jun. 2002)

e-cheating: Combating a 21st Century Challenge - Kim McMurtry (THE Journal, Nov. 2001)

Internet Plagiarism: A Teacher's Combat Guide ("Have you ever sat down to grade a student's paper and wondered, 'Where in the world did this come from? I know Suzy Sleepalot did not write this paper.' Educators across the country are facing the dilemma of plagiarism more and more. To combat plagiarism, teachers need to know what it is, the strategies to detect it, and the ways to prevent it.") - Jill Suarez and Allison Martin (CITE, 2001)

Perennial Plagiarism (article with links to articles on the topic) - Graeme Daniel and Kevon Cox (Web Tools Newsletter, 7 Jul. 2003)

Plagiarism (a collection of links maintained by the University of Maryland's University College Center for Intellectual Property)

Plagiarism (a collection of links) - Sharon Stoerger

Plagiarism and Anti-Plagiarism - Heyward Ehrlich (Mar.2000)

Plagiarism, Cheating and Getting Ahead ("Cheating among college students appears to have become the norm in U.S. society. Research indicates that more than 70 percent of U.S. college students plagiarize writing assignments (Tyre 2001). Cheating on exams and plagiarism are nothing new, but educators today are alarmed by their prevalence. Three factors underlie any kind of cheating: motive, method, and opportunity") - Lynnette Crane (Essential Teacher, Mar. 2007)

Plagiarism: Detecting, Preventing, and Understanding (UNC, 2002)

PlagiarismdotORG (a collection of resources: definition, tips on prevention, types of plagiarism, FAQ, citing sources, facts about plagiarism...)

Strategies to Minimize Cheating Online (ION, 2003)

Survey: Many students say cheating's OK - Kathy Slobogin ( - Apr 2002)

Technology and Plagiarism in the University: Brief Report of a Trial in Detecting Cheating - Diane Johnson et al. (AACE Journal, 2004)

Using virtual lectures to educate students in plagiarism ("Plagiarism is a concern on all university campuses. Some of the main issues pertaining to plagiarism violations are student misunderstanding or inconsistent and lack of instruction. Virtual lectures are an electronic resource available to students throughout the semester to aid them in proper citation and avoiding academic integrity violations. The technological tool of virtual lectures is also useful for communicating rules of ethics and other regulations for industry or other areas of employment outside of academia.") - Laura A. Guertin (First Monday, 5 Sep. 2005)

What is Plagiarism? (Georgetown University Honor Council, 1999)

Where Cheaters Often Prosper - Joanna Glasner (Wired News, 26 Aug. 2002)

WWW.2Cheat.Com - Clay D. Rooks


Related sites

Genius Papers

School Sucks

The Center for Academic Integrity



Online Project-Based Learning ("... students meet curriculum standards through research, data collection and interpretation, shared writing, and other activities, but they often learn valuable collaboration skills, as well as cultural awareness...")

Resources for International Projects (techLEARNING)

Which Online Project is Right for Me? (includes links to many "recommended projects") - Rosemary Shaw (techLEARNING, 1 Oct. 2004)


Resources, Collections of links  

50 Free Tools to Make Computing Easier - Miguel Guhlin (techLEARNING, 1 Nov. 2005)

Back to School Product Guide (techLearning, 15 Aug. 2005)

Best of Australian Flexible Learning Community (2001-2004)

Characteristics of Quality in Distance Education (links to articles)

Collaborating (links to 10 articles on different aspects of collaborative learning)

Collaborative Learning (Vision2Lead)

Collaborative Learning 2004 Evolving Webliography (Vision2Lead)

Computer Tools that Support Learners

Distance Learning: articles & resources

E-Learning Toolbox (Michigan State University)

FREE: Federal Resources for Educational Excellence

Guidelines for Educational Uses of Networks ("a rich variety of guidelines of how to use networks in powerful ways for education") - compiled by Jim Levin

HitcHikr ("we can't always make it to the conferences we need to attend to mix with the people we need to see -- face-to-face. This is why Hitchhikr was invented, to provide you with a virtual space where, thanks to blogs, podcasts, and RSS, we can connect, share, respond, and grow knowledge out beyond the place and time of the event") - David Warlick

    Announcing - David Warlick (2 Cents Worth, 19 Jun. 2006)

Instructional Design for Online Learning ("a collection of favorite websites to connect you to further links, provide you with some ideas and help you narrow down a search") - compiled by Bernie Poole and Mandi Axmann

Integrating Technology Across the Curriculum (includes links to email, chat and distance learning) - compiled by Michael Krauss

Internet Time Blog ("E-Learning Information & FAQ") - Jay Cross

K12online 2006: Unleashing the Potential ("first annual convention for teachers, administrators and educators around the world interested in the use of Web 2.0 tools in classrooms and professional practice", Oct-Nov. 2006)

    Agenda (with links)

Library Support for Distance Learning (links to distance education organizations, websites, articles, and policies) - compiled and maintained by Bernie Sloan and Sharon Stoerger (last updated Apr. 2003)

Multimedia Tools - Compiled by Maria Jordano

Office of Technology-Enhanced Learning (OTEL)

On-line Collaboration Papers (a collection of links) - compiled by Bill Klemm

Online Communities and Online Learning Resources - compiled by Michael O'Conner (2000)

Online Learning Publications - compiled by WBTIC

Online Resources for Teams and Virtual Teams (Vision2Lead)

OpenLearn: Making educational resources freely available (The Open University)

Resource Guides: Subject Listing - CIT, UNC-CH

Role and Skills of the Online Tutor (e-Learning Centre)

Some Models for Online ESL Teaching and Learning - Compiled by Vance Stevens

Teaching and Learning on the Internet - Compiled by Mark Ryder (last verified 1 Jul. 2005)

Teaching and Learning with Technology ("a listing of many resources and documentation that can assist you in teaching and learning with technology") - compiled by Susan Peck (2001)

Telecollaboration: Developing Intercultural Language Learning through On-Line Exchanges (a collection of resources compiled by Robert O'Dowd)


What it is to be an online learner Library ("links to resources that take a look at what it is to be an online learner - from both a learner and tutor perspective.  Listed in order of entry with the most recent first.")

Wandering the Web Column Archive - Christine Meloni



A traditional setting or a distance learning program? (6 questions to determine the best learning environment for you)

Are distance-learning courses for me? (CIL, 2001)

Are Distance Learning Courses for You?

Components of Technology Literacy for Foreign Language Instructors - Kazumi Hatasa (1998)

Distance Learning Assessment (Thomson / Peterson's)

Is Distance Learning for Me?

Just How Ready Are You for Distance Learning?

Self-assessment (10 questions to determine if distance learning is right for you)


Software evaluation  

Brilliant Ignorance ("Essential freeware for the PC user") - Sudeep Bansal

Classification of DE delivery systems (CMS) - Diane Belyk, Jeremy Schubert & Jon Baggaley (Jan. 2002)

Online Collaborative Tools: evaluation reports

Scholarly Web Searching: Google Scolar and Scirus - Greg B. Notess (Information Today, Jul/Aug. 2005)



DIALANG - Project & System



10 Steps to HTML Bliss (Open University OLRC)

Atomic Learning Tutorials ("More that 30,000 short tutorials on over 110 popular applications")

Audio and Video Streaming: Embedding the media into a web page (Cornell University)

Embedding Media in your Webpages - Elizabeth Hanson-Smith (2005)

How to make interactive sound and video EFL web pages - Chris Elvin (JALT CALL, 2002)

HTML Cheat Sheet (WebMonkey for Kids)

UC Berkeley Extension Online Sample Classroom

Using your Voice Online (Yahoo Messenger and Wimba) - Michael Coghlan

W3 Schools (a collection of resources)

WebCT Learner Guide (version 3.6 of WebCT)



GEDI Student Testimonials ("In this series of short video clips, Virginia Tech graduate students talk about their experiences in GEDI. Topics include pedagogical theory, teaching skills, the setting of the GEDI course, the integration of teaching and technology, diversity issues, and more") (Apr. 2005)

Learning in the Palm of your hand (videos about learning with palmtops)

Stories from the Classroom ("how palm technology can change the classroom") - Hi-CE (Center for Highly Interactive Computing in Education)

The Games Children Play (a 30-min. video; "...This programme features two leading academics who support the use of games in education are Henry Jenkins, director of comparative media studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Jim Gee, professor of education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison...")

Thinking Skills: Brain-Based Approaches ("This programme discusses these multi-sensory approaches and returns six months later to find out how teachers and pupils from Charing School near Ashford were inspired...")

Whiteboard Top Tips ("Overcoming whiteboard phobia is the underlying message of this programme, as expert Simon Botten takes us through his top tips for novice whiteboard users. From first principles - selecting the right kind of whiteboard - to how to involve children in using them and how to maintain them, Simon answers key questions and provides direct and simple advice.") - Simon Botten (Teacher's TV)



Assessing Social Presence in Asynchronous Text-Based Computer Conferencing ("... Social presence is defined as the ability of learners to project themselves socially and affectively into a community of inquiry. Social presence is defined as the ability of learners to project themselves socially and affectively into a community of inquiry...) - Liam Rourke et al. (Journal of Distance Education, 1999)

Collaborative Learning in an Online Environment (a study) - Elizabeth Stacey (Journal of Distance Education, 1999)

CMC and Webheads: Hand in Hand in Education without Borders - Aiden Yeh (TESOL, Mar. 2003)

Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) for Teaching and Learning in the Chinese Context - George C. K. Jor

Computer-Mediated Communication: Its Pedagogical Aspects and Considerations ("... how best to teach language using the synchronous mode of communication. Pair-work, small group and whole class discussions were studied for this purpose. The study shows that students preferred small group discussions as they were more interesting and stimulating than the other two modes of communication...") - Rozina A. Ghani and Nuraihan M. Daud (IATEFL, Apr. 2003)

Crossing Frontiers: New Directions in Online Pedagogy and Research ("This chapter summarizes what knowledge has been gained about learning and instruction in long-distance online exchanges, focusing on three key themes: (a) linguistic interaction and development, (b) intercultural awareness and learning, and (c) development of new multiliteracies and their relations to identity. In each area, research has indicated that there is no single effect of using online communication, but rather that processes and results vary widely depending on a range of logistical, pedagogical, and social factors.") - Richard Kern, Paige Ware and Mark Warschauer (ARAL, 2004)

Different voices, Different spaces ("a collection of resources that features a 'good practice' model applied to voice
technologies in teaching and learning within a range of adult education and vocational training settings.")  (Australian Flexible Learning Framework, 2005)

Eight Ways to Get Students More Engaged in On-Line Conferences - Bill Klemm (TCC '98)

Finding your Voice Online-An Inquiry into the Use of Online Voice Applications in Higher Education ("... This article is the result of a six month enquiry into the use of online voice tools. It does not pretend to be exhaustive, and I recognize that there may be a great many excellent voice tools for education that are not mentioned here. It does attempt to give an overview of what types of tools are available, and describe how they are being used in learning environments.") - Michael Coghlan (Knowledge Tree e-Journal, 2004)

Free Voicemail Services (table with features)

Indicators of Support in Online Interaction - Patrick J. Fahy (IRRODL, Apr. 2003)

Instructional Design Principles for Teaching in Computer Conferencing Environments - W. R. Klemm and J. R. Snell (1995)

Intercultural Computer-Mediated Communication - Néstor G. Trillo (CMC Magazine, Jan. 1997)

Intercultural Computer-Mediated Communication (ICCMC) - William B. Hart (Fall 1998)

Learning Online: Choosing the Best Computer-mediated Communication Activities - Ishbel Galloway & Douglas O'Brien (TLT, Feb. 1998)

Messaging, Gaming, Peer-to-Peer Sharing: Stratetegies & Tools for the Millennial Generation ("...While none of these technologies was developed to support language learning, they are being used for that purpose, sometimes directly, sometimes as a side benefit. Given the wide-spread acceptance and use by students of these technologies, it may be of interest to examine some of the ways in which they are being adapted for use in formal and informal language learning.") - Bob Godwin-Jones (LL&T, Jan. 2005)

MJ's CMC & collaboration tools (A collection of resources) - Maria Jordano

Negotiating for meaning across borders with CMC ("In our Tandem Language Learning (TLL) project experience using Computer Mediated Communication, fifty students of Spanish at a university in the USA exchanged e-mail and participated in synchronous conversations using Instant Messaging with fifty students of English at a university in Argentina.  An analysis of the discourse produced with these two methods of CMC showed that a variety of functions were used by the students to negotiate for meaning.   The investigators will refer to the importance of TLL and negotiating for meaning in Second Language Acquisition as well as the students´ opinions after the experience.  We will also include examples of the learners’ cultural exchange, post study observations, and recommend possibilities for future investigation.") - Peggy Paterson and Susana Trabaldo (Teaching English with Technology, May 2006)

New Dimensions in Computer-Conference Teaching, Using the Structured Logic of "FORUM" - Bill Klemm

Notes on Defining of Computer-Mediated Communication - John December (CMC Magazine, Jan. 1997)

Online Communication - Mark Warschauer (2001)

Options for Internet Collaboration - Bill Klemm

Participation in Computer Mediated Curriculum ("The overall purpose of this research project was to explore the nature of student participation in a Computer Mediated Curriculum (CMC) course... The author compared female and male patterns of written communication using a linguistic framework that was developed under the assumption that people’s needs are reflected in their patterns of speech... and concluded that females were able to meet their needs more consistently over the thirteen-week courses than males, and that males were able to adjust their communication style to become more empathetic. The author discussed implications of the findings for school administrators whose schools either plan to, or currently, support CMC courses...") - Tom Gougeon (IEJLL, Sep. 2002)

PowerPoint: What is Appropriate, When and Why (a presentation) - Karl M. Kapp

Reflective Conversation" in the Virtual Language Classroom ("... Is conscious reflection, in fact, still necessary in a more interactive learning environment? We argue here that it is, and that a challenge is facing the developers of the virtual language classroom to combine the processes of conscious reflection with those of spontaneous interaction. In our view, the medium of asynchronous conferencing is particularly well suited to such a combination as it is flexible with regard to place and pace, and able to support both monologue- and conversation-like forms of written language exchange...") - Marie-Noëlle Lamy and Robin Goodfellow (LL&T, Jan. 1999)

Skype and distance learning

    Skype Advanced Tools

    Skype guide to plugging in your sound equipment

Social Machines: Computing means connecting ("Without much hoopla, many conference centers and university and corporate campuses -- even entire metropolises, in the case of Philadelphia and a few other cities -- are being turned into giant Wi-Fi hot spots. Trains, planes, airports, and libraries are also installing wireless networks to serve customers carrying wireless gadgets. As a result, many businesspeople, students, and Starbucks addicts now expect cheap, easy access to the Internet as a matter of course. Losing it can feel like being stranded.") - Wade Roush (Technology Review, Aug. 2005)

Synchronous collaboration tools for the academic world (audio presentation) - Robin Good (e-merge2004)

Teens and Technology: Youth are leading the transition to a fully wired and mobile nation - Amanda Lenhart, Mary Madden and Paul Hitlin (Pew/Internet, 27 Jul. 2005)

The December List (CMC Resources: "a comprehensive collection of information sources about the Internet and computer-mediated communication") - Compiled by John December (last updated 17 May 2005)

The Effect of E-Mail Messages on Student Participation in the Asynchronous On-Line Course: A Research Note - Marc D. Miller and Ken Corley (OJDLA, Fall 2001)

The Online Report on Pedagogical Techniques for Computer-Mediated Communication - Morten Flate Paulsen (1995)

The TextWeaver: Active Reading Hypertext for Computer Conferencing - Andrew Feenberg (2000)

Towards an Effective Use of Audio Conferencing in Dsitance Language Courses ("In order to respond to learners' need for more flexible speaking opportunities and to overcome the geographical challenge of students spread over the United Kingdom and continental Western Europe, the Open University recently introduced Internet-based, real-time audio conferencing, thus making a groundbreaking move in the distance learning and teaching of languages... The findings of this paper highlight the complexity of the organisational as well as the pedagogical framework that contributes to the effective use of online tuition via audio conferencing systems in a distance education setting.") - Regine Hampel and Mirkam Hauck (LL&T, Jan. 2004)

Ubiquitous Computing - Mark Weiser (Mar. 1996)

Use and Adaptation of Written Language to the Conditions of Computer-Mediated Communication (abstract and concluding chapter of this doctoral dissertation) - Ylva Härd af Segerstad (2002)

What is CMC? - John December (a definition)

What is CMC? - Peter J. Murray (CMC Magazine, Jan. 1997)

What is CMC? An Overview of Scholarly Definitions - Pixy Ferris (CMC Magazine, Jan. 1997)

What is Computer-Mediated Communication? - Gerry Santoro

Why People don't Read Online and What to of about it - Michelle Cameron (Nov. 2005)



9 Timeless Principles for Building Community: Erecting the Social Scaffolding ("...Regardless of how they start, all Web communities need "social scaffolding" to grow and thrive. Social scaffolding refers to those aspects of a site -- roles, rituals, features, events, leadership -- that facilitate community development. Much like a trellis enables an plant to grow, social scaffolding enables members to become progressively more involved in the community...") - Amy Jo Kim (New Architect Daily, Jan. 1998)

34: Growing Virtual Communities ("...This report stresses that an efficient technology is only part of the process underlying a successful online community. It considers the social process on which an online learning community must be founded if it is to flourish and be useful. Definitions of community, learning community, and virtual learning community are reviewed, and the experience of an online community member is discussed. The importance of nurturing the community’s health, and the natural life cycle of a virtual community, are examined.") - Debbie Garber (IRRODL, Aug. 2004)

An Online Learning Community: The students' perspective - Michael Coghlan and Vance Stevens (Mar. 2000)

Assessing the Impact of a Large-Scale Online Teacher Professional Development Community - Judi Fusco, Hunter Gehlbach and Mark Schlager

A visit with Webheads Online Community of Practice for Learners & Teachers - Vance Stevens & Ismail Fayed (EgypTesol, Dec. 2002)

Best Practices for Collaborative Learning Communities ("Collaborative learning communities are individuals joining together to accelerate new knowledge through the dynamic use of social networking and collaboration technologies.")

Body language without the body: situating social cues in the virtual world ("...I will outline how social cues are embodied in the physical world and show ways that such cues are emerging in today's virtual world.") - Judith S. Donath (n.d.)

Building 21st Century Collaborative Learning Communities ("...Sometimes the obstacles to collaboration seem daunting, but as educators we need to collaborate to evolve best practices. By developing great collective partnerships through collaboration and support and seeing the possibilities for curriculum transformation through technology, we can truly become 21st century educators.") - Jeff Cooper (NETC Circuit, Spring 2004)

Building an Online Learning Community (tips)

Building Communities: Strategies for Collaborative Learning ("Here's a model that describes a number of practical applications for including community as part of a learning plan and specific strategies for building learning-focused communities.") - Soren Kaplan (Learning Circuits, Aug. 2002)

Building Online Communities - chromatic (O'Reilly Network, 21 Oct. 2002)

Building Online Communities for Professional Development (presentation) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (18th APPI Conference, 29 Apr. 2004)

Building Sense of Community at a Distance ("This article challenges the belief that strong sense of community is limited to the traditional classroom and proposes that the virtual classroom has the potential of building and sustaining sense of community at levels that are comparable to the traditional classroom. . .") - Alfred P. Rovai (IRRODL, Apr. 2002)

Building Virtual Communities for Professional Development - Ferdi Serim (May, 1996)

Building Your Online Community ("...Fear that the online commitment will be a solitary one frightens many potential distance learners. If this is a concern you share, it may cheer you to learn that most online learners do not experience a lack of contact at all, just contact in a different form. Distance learning does require commitment and the ability to study independently, but so does any educational endeavor. As many have found, being online does not mean being alone. These learners have made the most of all options available to them to assure their success....") - Candice Kramer (PBS Campus Reviews, 6 Jun. 2004)

Collaborative Learning Communities ("Collaborative learning communities are individuals joining together to accelerate new knowledge through the dynamic use of social networking and collaboration technologies.")

Communities of practice ("...In this article we outline the theory and practice of such communities, and examine some of issues and questions for informal educators and those concerned with lifelong learning.") - Mark K. Smith (the encyclopedia of informal education, last updated 30 Jan. 2005)

Communities of Practice - G. Dudeney and N. Hockly (2003)

Communities of practice: a brief introduction ("...This brief and general introduction examines what communities of practice are and why researchers and practitioners in so many different contexts find them useful as an approach to knowing and learning.") - Etienne Wenger

Communities of Practice: Going Virtual ("...We investigate whether CoPs might translate to a geographically
distributed international environment through a case study that
explores the functioning of a CoP across national boundaries." - though more corporate-based, it applies to education) - Chris Kimble et al.(2000)

Communities of Practice: learning, meaning, and identity (Executive summary of the book) - Etienne Wenger (last updated Aug. 2002)

Communities of Practice: The Organizational Frontier (excerpt from the article) - Etienne Wenger and William M. Snyder (22 Feb. 2000)

Community-Building on the Web (companion site to the book: includes excerpts from different chapters) - Amy Jo Kim

Community of Practice Resources (a partially annotated list of references) - Elizabeth Hanson-Smith (9Feb. 2005)

Community Development Among Distance Learners: Temporal and Technological Dimensions ("This paper explores social support and community development among members of a computer-supported distance learning program...Overall, our interviews show that belonging to a community brings benefits to the individuals and to the program, and supports efforts by educators who strive to provide such a community for their distance learners.") - Caroline Haythornthwaite, Michelle M. Kazmer, Jennifer Robins and Susan Shoemaker (JCMC, Sep. 2000)

Cooperative Cultures in Sociotechnical Communities - Nini Ebeltoft and Susanne Nyrop (2001)

CoP Theory Overview (a diagram) - Christopher M. Johnson (2003)

      Distributed CoPs and other Virtual Communities (a diagram) - Christopher M. Johnson (2003)

      Evolution of Community of Practice Theory (a diagram) - Christopher M. Johnson (2003)

      Glossary of CoPs (based on Christopher M. Johnson'd diagrams and compiled by Teresa Almeida d'Eça, 2003)

      Organizational Comparison of CoPs (a diagram) - Christopher M. Johnson

CoPs (a series of links to related sites)

Creating Technology-Supported Learning Communities - David Jonassen, Kyle Peck and Brent Wilson (1999)

Cultivating communities of practice: a quick start-up guide - Etienne Wenger (2002)

Design Principles for Online Communities ("The key challenges the Internet community will face in the future are not simply technological, but also sociological: the challenges of social interaction and social organization. This is not to diminish the difficulties of creating new technologies, but rather to emphasize that even these tasks will pale besides the problems of facilitating and encouraging successful online interaction and online communities...") - Peter Kollock (1996)

Developing a Community in Online Language Learning ("This paper reports on an experiment in community development online which had been in progress for almost two years at the time of its presentation at the international professional conference held at the MLI in Abu Dhabi in May, 2000...") - Vance Stevens (3-4 May 2000)

Discover Tapped In - Lorrie Jackson (Education World, 14 Mar. 2006)

Educational MUVEs: Virtual Learning Communities ("Virtual Learning Communities (VLCs) differ from Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) because the very nature of “community” holds greater meaning and potential than “environment”.") - Jeff Cooper

Enabling Distributed Learning Communities Via Emerging Technologies - Part One ("Emerging devices, tools, media and virtual environments offer opportunities for creating new types of learning communities for students and teachers. Examples of learning communities include a national mix of kids working together to create an online encyclopedia about Harry Potter’s fictional world, or groups of mentor and novice teachers in Milwaukee sharing ideas about effective instruction...") - Chris Dede (THE Journal, Sep. 2004)

Enabling Distributed Learning Communities Via Emerging Technologies - Part Two (" alternative type of distributed learning community - this time based on possible applications of wireless mobile devices to create experiences outside of school that motivate and aid students in developing 21st century skills and knowledge (Partnership for 21st Century Skills 2003). Interfaces for “ubiquitous computing” involve portable wireless devices infusing virtual resources as we move through the real world...") - Chris Dede (THE Journal, Oct. 2004)

Establishing an Online Community of Practice for Instructors of English for Specific Purposes - Christopher M. Johnson (July 2001)

Establishing Community in a Virtual Classroom ("... Creating a sense of community within a virtual classroom is an ongoing challenge for instructors of on-line classes... To meet this challenge the instructor must connect with the students, must help the students connect with each other, must facilitate students in connecting to the learning process through the use of available technology, and must provide a variety of ways for students to connect with the instructor...") - Judith Killion (TCC Conference, 1997)

Evolution of an On-Line Education Community of Practice ("The concept of community of practice has become a major theme of teacher professional development (TPD) research and practice. Advocates argue that communities of practice (CoPs) can be powerful catalysts for enabling teachers to improve their practice (Lieberman, 1996; Rényi, 1996).") - Mark S. Schlager, Judith Fusco and Patricia Schank (2002)

Herding Cats: A Descriptive Case Study of a Virtual Lnaguage Learning Community (presentation) - John H. Steele (5 Apr. 2002)

In Defense of Online Learning (and Veggie Burgers) - Michael Feldstein (eLearn Magazine)

Knowing in Community: 10 Critical Success Factors in Building Communities of Practice ("In the last few years many companies have used the internet and other new information technology to link professionals across the globe to share documents or compare data. But many are discovering that the real value in knowledge management is in sharing ideas and insights that are not documented and hard to articulate...") - Richard McDermott (2001)

Knowledge Networks: Innovation through Communities of Practice (a brief history of the concept of CoPs) - Paul Hildreth and Chris Kimble (eds.) (last modified 5 Jan. 2005)

Learning Electronic Literacy Skills in an Online Language Learning Community ("This paper is about the learning that happens in the synchronous text chat forum of on online group of English Language learners and tutors. It is a socioculturally oriented case study of an
informal virtual community called Webheads, who meet online in various places on the internet.
Although dedicated to English Language learning, much other learning takes place within the group. The study concerns the learning of certain skills associated with electronic literacy,
namely discourse management and technological skills involved in using synchronous text-based computer-mediated communication (SCMC). The paper focuses on the analysis of the concepts of collaboration and scaffolding in learning. Attention is also paid to the analysis of SCMC text, employing the notion of the conversational floor as an appropriate analytical unit for this type of
discourse.") - James Simpson (CALL, Oct. 2005)

Networks, Groups and Catalysts: The Sweet Spot for Forming Online Learning Communities ("...The bottom line is that online community or online interaction is not the goal. It’s one means for helping groups achieve their goals. It is not necessarily about "online community" but what conditions and process are needed to enable communities to use the online environment.") - Nancy White (Aug. 2002)

Online Communities and the Secret Sauce ("... E-learning (K-12, post-secondary, and corporate) over the past few years has been almost exclusively focused on formal learning - online courses, modules, and units that are tested and marked. Missing has been attention to the social/cultural aspects of learning...") - Paul Stacey (E-Learning, 13 Jun. 2003)

Online Communities: Networks that nurture long-distance relationships and local ties (a report) - John B. Horrigan and Lee Rainie (Pew Internet)

Online Community Building: How and What for? ("A Power Point presentation based on the community of practice Webheads in Action and the ongoing training workshop Becoming a Webhead.") - Teresa Almeida d'Eça (19 Feb. 2004)

Online Learning Communities ("While a great deal of attention is currently being paid to putting individual courses or entire degree programs online, less attention is being paid to other components -- affective and social, as well as cognitive -- of a college education, some of which take place outside of class time, and some of which take place during class, but not during instructional time per se. This presentation attempts to alert people to the importance of those other components of a college education, and to suggest ways to foster them online") - Marcy Bauman (TCC '97)

Online Learning Communities: If You Build Them, Will They Stay? ("This study explored best practices for community building in WBI. In doing so, the study sought to examine specific strategies and techniques designed to facilitate the establishment of an on-line community...") - Janette R. Hill and Arjan Raven (ITFORUM, Oct. 2000)

Online learning communities: Investigating a design framework ("This paper reports the development of a design framework intended to support and guide online instructors in the development of a learning community. The study was guided by an investigation of contemporary literature focused on the community construct, online learning community development and the collaborative construction of knowledge and the practices of experienced professionals working in the field. The intended outcome is a design framework that may be useful in guiding instructors in the development of said communities.") - Chris Brook and Ron Oliver (AJET, 2003)

On-line learning, on-line communities (Center for Children and Technology)

Online Learning: Social Interaction and the Creation of a Sense of Community ("This paper centres on the sense of isolation that online study may engender among learners... The authors suggest three protocols that can be built into the fabric of online courses in order that a sense of community may be enabled to exist, and productive social interaction can occur... The paper concludes by suggesting that by creating an online sense of ‘self’, the participants of an online course can alleviate feelings of isolation, and create an online community that assists the learning process.") - Joanne M. McInnerney and Tim S. Roberts (Educational Technology & Society, 2004)

Reading Notes and Links to Literature on the "Community of Practice" Concept (a review of the literature) - John Sharp (Sep. 1997)

Redes e Educação: A Surpreendente Riqueza de um Conceito ("...Ignorando mais de seis décadas de investigação em educação e aprendizagem – e ignorando que a realidade organizacional que inspirava o sistema escolar mudou radicalmente – persistimos em tentar construir a Sociedade da Informação com os mesmíssimos princípios com que começou a ser construída, há mais de duzentos anos, a Sociedade Industrial...") - António Dias de Figueiredo (Mai. 2002)

SelectingTools for Online Communities: Suggestions for Learning Techonologists ("The authors outline the initial questions that should guide online design and then assess the ways in which message boards, virtual classrooms, and user profile pages can work individually and collectively to make learning communities more "habitable" for their members" - Discussion Forum) - Eric Adams and Chris Freeman (The Technology Source, Jul.-Aug. 2003)

Seven Principles for Cultivating Communities of Practice (an excerpt) - Etienne Wenger et al. (25 Mar. 2002)

Strategies for Collaborative Learning: Building e-Learning and Blended Learning Communities ("...Our goal here is twofold. First we will cut through the ambiguous term "community" by sharing a model that describes a number of practical applications for including community as part of your learning strategy. Second, we will outline specific strategies and approaches for building learning-focused communities.") - Soren Kaplan (2002)

Supporting Learning Communities with Technology (a collection of links)

Tap In to Tapped In ("You’ve heard about it. You’ve read about it. Friends and colleagues have raved about the professional development opportunities it provides through ongoing events, groups, and chats. But you still haven’t visited yourself. What are you waiting for? Give Tapped In a chance!")- Bernard Poole (14 Mar. 2006)

Teacher Professional Development, Technology, and Communities of Practice: Are we Putting the Cart before the Horse? - Mark Schlager and Judi Fusco

The Art of Building Virtual Communities ("The burning question for many of us trying to establish educational CoPs is how to design a VLC that is compelling enough that it will compete successfully for the attention of busy educators? Because communities of practice are voluntary, to be successful over time they need the ability to generate enough excitement, relevance, and value to attract and engage members. This is easier said than done.") - Sheryl Nussbaum-Beach (tecLearning, 5 Aug. 2007

      Roles in COPs (Learning Circuits Blog, Jun. 2006)

      Progressive Education - Round Two - Sheryl Nussbaum-Beach

The duality of knowledge ("...In this paper, we argue that ... some knowledge simply cannot be captured.  A method is needed which recognises that knowledge resides in people: not in machines or documents.  We will argue that KM is essentially about people and the earlier technology driven approaches, which failed to consider this, were bound to be limited in their success.  One possible way forward is offered by Communities of Practice, which provide an environment for people to develop knowledge through interaction with others in an environment where knowledge is created nurtured and sustained.") - Paul Hildreth and Chris Kimble (2002)

The Internet: A Land to Settle rather than an Ocean to Surf And a new "Place" for School Reform through Community Development - Margaret Riel (1996)

Themes and Ideas: Communities of Practice - Etienne Wenger

The Process of Community-building in Distance Learning Classes - Ruth E. Brown (Sep. 2001)

The Welcome Mat of a High School On-Line Community: A High School How-To Meet and Greet (building an online ESL community) - Christine Jackson and Beverly Fierro (1 Jul. 2002)

Tilling the Soil: Tools for Building a Web Community ("...As with any other Web-development project, the technologies you choose to implement your online community will affect the options available to your users, so it is important -- especially during the design phase -- to be flexible about both goals and technologies....") - Jonathan Steuer (New Architect Daily, Jan. 1998)

Virtual Communities of Practice as Learning Networks ("This report identifies how virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) impact employees’ job performance, how community members benefit from participating in VCoPs, and what organizations gain from sponsoring and nurturing VCoPs. The findings presented in this report identify specific
ways that a cross-section of VCoPs in a number of organizations help
employees learn and manage the knowledge they need to do their jobs better and serve as learning networks.") - Stephanie Allen, Donna Ure and Stephen Evans (Oct. 2003)

Webheads in Action: A Community of Practice for Language Teachers Professional Development in CMC (presentation) - Dafne González (Presentation at the IV Jornadas CETA in Córdoba, Spain. Apr. 2003)

Webheads in Action: A Community of Practice for Language Teachers Professional Development in CMC (paper) - Dafne González (Apr. 2003)

Webheads in Action (WiA): An online community for professional development - from past to present - Teresa Almeida d'Eca (HLT, Jan. 2004)

What is a "Community of Practice"? (simple topics each with a link)

      Recommended Reading (links to articles and books)

      Resources for Further Learning (more links)

What is a Community of Practice? (ppt) - Chris Jones (TESOL, Mar. 2003)

What is a Virtual Community and Why Would You Ever Need One?? - Sue Botcher, Heather Duggan and Nancy White (Jan. 2002)


Online Communities, Learning Circles, Communities of Practice...  

CPsquare (the comunity of practice on communities of practice)

Education with New Technologies: Networked Learning Community (designed to help educators develop, enact, and assess effective ways of using new technologies)

European Collaborative for Communities of Practice (ECCOP)

Full Circle ("Full Circle is the consulting practice of Nancy White and a network of independent professionals. Using communications as our center point, we provide strategic communication, online community development, facilitation, marketing, and project management services for the community, non-profit and business sectors.") - Nancy White

InterLearn - Margaret Riel

Global Educators' Network (GEN)

Learning Times ("LearningTimes is an open community for education-minded people")

Learning Times ("LearningTimes is the leading producer of online communities and conferences for education and training...")

Online Communities for Professional Development ("...rationales for the development of such communities, best practices and successful examples in the field, some assessments of effectiveness, and directions for the future") - Graeme Daniel and Kevin Cox (Web Tools Newsletter, 11 May 2003)

Real English Online (REO) ("Real English Interactive Video Online Password Center Enjoy Free Online ESL lessons right from your computer") - coordinated by Michael Marzio and Elizabeth Hanson-Smith

      Real English Online (REO) (a review of the site) - Dafne González and Arnold Mühren (TESL-EJ, Jun. 2004)

Tapped In ("The online workplace of an international community of education professionals")

Teacher Talk ("a fast-growing online community where K-12 teachers can discuss classroom techniques, trade lesson plan ideas, and support one another")

Webheads in Action ("Webheads in Action is for anyone interested in interacting online with this established community of ESL learners and facilitators") - coordinated by Vance Stevens

WIDE World (online professional development from the Hravard Graduate School of Education)


Discussion groups  

com-prac - Communities of Practice (an online space for conversations on how to build and support Communities of Practice. It is a discussion for practitioners)





Community Building on the Web - Amy Jo Kim

Cultivating Communities of Practice - Etienne Wenger et al. (2002)

The Virtual Community - Howard Rheingold


Related Sites  

CoPe_it! ("a web based tool supporting argumentative collaboration and decision making for Communities of Practice")

Etienne Wenger: Entrevista por Ana Neves (Jun. 2001)

How to make a CoP fly? - Diane Le Moult (6 Dec. 2002)

Where is Community of Practice Going? - (1 Nov. 2002)



A Recipe for Whipping up Online Facilitation Par Excellence ("...What are the issues in the online learning environment that affect learner satisfaction, and what can online facilitators (as master chefs) do to 'spice up' an online learning environment?") - Susan Byrne and Linda Waddell (Sidebars, Nov. 2003)

Be an Active and Participative Instructor - Jennifer Hofmann (Learning Circuits, 5 Dec. 2003)

e-Moderation - Managing a New Language? Michael Coghlan (Oct. 2001)

Developing learning through effective online moderation (". . . Our specific concern in this paper is with the skills that are needed to tutor online through computer mediated conferences – the transfer of approaches from the traditional distance learning context of written and face-to-face facilitation and the development of new skills required for a new medium") - Gilly Salmon (Active Learning, Dec. 1998)

Effective Online Facilitation (Australian Flexible Learning Framework, Feb. 2003)

E-moderating: the key to teaching and learning online (excerpts of the book) - Gilly Salmon (2000)

E-Moderation: A Training Course for Online Tutors (resources)

Five Roles I Play in Online Courses ("...In online courses, developing meaningful relationships requires different strategies. Although this philosophy is familiar, especially to experienced online instructors, the five roles I describe below provide a useful rubric for thinking about how an instructor can promote community...") - Scot Headley (Innovate, Oct./Nov. 2005)

Masters or Slaves to the Technology? The Role of the E-moderator in E-learning - Gilly Salmon

Moderating Educational Computer Conferences - Morten F. Paulsen (1995)

Moderating Educational Computer Conferences - Robin Mason (1991)

Moderating Online (a comprehensive overview) - Gilly Salmon and Ken Giles (Oct. 1997)

Moderating Online Electronic Discussion Groups - M.P. Collins and Zane L. Berge (1997)

Moderating Tips for Synchronous Learning Using Virtual Classroom Technologies - Randy LaBonte, Susan Crichton and Dane Allison (Mar. 2003)

Playing Croquet with Flamingos: A Guide to Moderating Online Conferences (a comprehensive overview) - Lyndsay Green (28 May 1998)

The Art of Hosting Good Conversations Online - Howard Rheingold

The Role of the Online Instructor/Facilitator (a comprehensive overview) - Zane L. Berge (1996)

Training the e-trainer ("...In this article, Clive Shepherd explores what it is that the e-trainer needs to do differently to make a success of virtual classroom training and realise the benefits that synchronous online communication can bring to just about any organisation with a distributed workforce.") - Clive Sheperd

Welcome to eModerators - Zane Berge and Mauri Collins' page on online distance education and training (2003)

What is a computer conference moderator? - David Winograd (2000)





Online service pairs students, mentors (Mercury News, 10 Jun. 2003)



7 things you should know about... Wikis (ELI, Jul. 2005)

AdventuresInWikiLand ("an introduction to this waky web publishing environment, and links to some cool applications")

Autonomous Technology-Assisted Language Learning (ATALL) ("ATALL is autonomous in that it provides the means for language learners to improve their L2 proficiency whether or not they are taking formal courses in the language they are learning. Thus, ATALL can be used by students in conjunction with formal L2 study or by learners who are not taking L2 classes") - Gary Cziko

Blogs and Wikis: Environments for On-line Collaboration - Bob Godwin-Jones (LL&T, May 2003)

Business is Toying with a Web Tool - Amy Cortese (The New York Times, 19 May 2003)

Citizendium ("A major new encyclopedia project will soon attempt to unseat Wikipedia as the go-to destination for general information online.  Like Wikipedia, the Citizendium (sit-ih-ZEN-dee-um), or "the Citizen’s Compendium," will be a wiki project open to public collaboration.  But, unlike Wikipedia, the community will be guided by expert editors, and contributors will be expected to use their own names, not anonymous pseudonyms") (17 Oct. 2006)

Classroom GoogleEarth wiki - Tom Barrett

Comparison of Wiki Farms ("A "Wiki farm" refers to a server or a collection of servers that provides wiki hosting, or a group of wikis hosted on such servers. This article is not all-inclusive or necessarily up to date")

   Wiki farm

Educational Blogging Wiki

Educational wikis (examples of educational wikis)

Educational Wikis: features and selection criteria ("This report discusses the educational uses of the ‘wiki,’ an increasingly popular approach to online community development. Wikis are defined and compared with ‘blogging’ methods; characteristics of major wiki engines are described; and wiki features and selection criteria are examined.") - Linda Schwartz et al. (IRRODL, Apr. 2004)

Exploring the World of Wikis: Collaborative Web sites organize information, encourage participation ("To overcome this obstacle, Never Again adopted a wiki. Part of the next generation of interactive Web applications, wikis are collaborative Web sites that allow authorized users — or in some cases, anyone with an Internet connection — to rapidly and easily change the content of pages, as well as view a history of changes that others have made.") - Brian Satterfield (techsoup, 5 Jun. 2006)

Helen and Terrie's Wiki on Wikis (a wiki on wikis) - Helen Mongan-Rallis and Terrie Shannon (Jun. 2006)

Helen's EducBlog Wikispace (all about wikis)

How wikis, podcasts, and laptops help students with learning disabilities - Vicki Davis, aka Coot Cat Teacher (25 Jan. 2006)

Is Wiki under your radar? - Chad Dickerson (InfoWorld, 5 Nov. 2004)

Make Way for Wikis ("Easy-to-use software that lets students collaborate is heading to your school") - Eric Oatman (SLJ, Nov. 2005)

My Brilliant Failure: Wikis in Classrooms - Heather James (Kairosnews, 21 May 2004)

My Students Compare and Contrast Wikis and Blogs - Vicki Davis (25 May 2006)

Of blogs and wikis - Glyn Moody (26 Mar. 2004)

Our Book Wiki ("This wiki allows students to post comments and recommendations on the books they're currently reading, or have read.") (2005)

Pedagogies of Wikis - Jude Higdon (ELI Meetings, 2006)

Professional Development through Collaboration in Wikis (a joint online presentation for the WiA Online Convergence) - Dafne Gonzalez and Teresa Almeida d'Eça (19 May 2007)

Puppy smoothies: Improving the reliability of open, collaborative wikis ("The reliability of information collected from at large Internet users by open collaborative wikis such as Wikipedia has been a subject of widespread debate. This paper provides a practical proposal for improving user confidence in wiki information by coloring the text of a wiki article based on the venerability of the text. This proposal relies on the philosophy that bad information is less likely to survive a collaborative editing process over large numbers of edits. Colorization would provide users with a clear visual cue as to the level of confidence that they can place in particular assertions made within a wiki article.") - Tom Cross (First Monday, Sep. 2006)

Quickiwiki, Swiki, Twiki, Zwiki and the Plone Wars Wiki as a PIM and Collaborative Content Tool (includes a comparison of blogs and wikis, and a wiki glossary) - David Mattison (Information Today, Apr. 2003)

Taking a Walk on the Wiki Side (short case study of thw wiki experience) - Brain Lamb (Syllabus, 1 Apr. 2004)

Teaching and learning online with wikis ("Wikis are fully editable websites; any user can read or add content to a wiki site. This functionality means that wikis are an excellent tool for collaboration in an online environment. This paper presents wikis as a useful tool for facilitating online education. Basic wiki functionality is outlined and different wikis are reviewed...") - Naomi Augar et al. (ASCILITE Conference, 2004)

Teaching Hacks Wiki ("Teaching with Technology") - Quentin D'Souza

The use of wikis for collaborative online writing projects - Birgit Ferran

The Wide World of Wiki: Choosing a wiki for an element of a fully online graduate course - James Farmer (10 Jun. 2004)

The Wiki Revolution: A Challenge to Traditional Education - Rita Zeinstejer (TESL-EJ, Mar. 2008)

Uses and Potentials of Wikis in the Classroom ("In this article we describe how teaching and learning have changed across oral, print, and secondary-oral paradigms; in turn, after addressing some controversies over the use of wikis as scholarly and educational resources, we advocate the use of wikis as a teaching and learning tool.") - S. Pixy Ferris and Hilary Wilder (Innovate, Jun/Jul 2006)

Using Wiki in Education (a blog) - Stewart Mader

    Using wiki in education

Visualizing dynamic, evolving documents and the interactions of multiple collaborating authors: a preliminary report (IBM, 2003)

Weave a wiki web - Giles Turnbull (The Guardian, 1 Apr. 2004)

      Talking to Ward Cunningham about Wiki - Giles Turnbull (luvly, 6 Apr. 2004)

Westwood Wiki ("The Online space for students of Westwood Schools to learn and collaborate")

What is Wiki

When and Why to Wiki: An Interview with Adam Frey of Wikispaces (NetSquared, 9 Mar. 2006)

Where the Wiki Things Are - Alan Levine interviews Brian Lamb (29 Sep. 2004)

Why I Don't Like Wikis - Elizabeth Lane Lawley (Many-to-Many, 26 Apr. 2003)

      Wikis are Beautiful - Ross Mayfield (Many-to-Many, 30 Apr. 2003)

Wide Open Spaces: Wikis, Ready or Not ("In 1999, the World Wide Web inventor Sir Tim Berners-Lee looked back on the previous decade and lamented: "I wanted the Web to be what I call an interactive space where everybody can edit. And I started saying ‘interactive,’ and then I read in the media that the Web was great because it was ‘interactive,’ meaning you could click. This was not what I meant by interactivity." That vision of a genuinely interactive environment rather than "a glorified television channel"—one in which people not only would browse pages but also would edit them as part of the process—did not disappear with the rise of the read-only Web browser.1 It’s churning away more actively than ever, in a vivid and chaotic Web-within-the-Web, via an anarchic breed of pages known as "wikis."") - Brian Lamb (EDUCAUSE Review, Sep-Oct. 2004)

Wiki Activities Catalogue (links) (5 Mar. 2004)

Wiki as a PIM and Collaborative Content Tool - David Mattison (Information Today, Apr. 2003)

Wikibooks to offer free eTexts for education - Robert Brumfield (eSchool News Online, 2 Nov. 2005)

    Wikibooks ("a collection of free, open-content textbooks that you can edit")

WikiMatrix ("Select the wikis you want to compare, then press the button")


Wiki Pedagogy ("This article endeavours to denote and promote pedagogical experimentations concerning a Free/Open technology called a "Wiki".") - Renée Fountain (2005)

Wikipedia ("a free-content encyclopedia in many languages that anyone can edit...")

    What is a wiki?

    Study: Wikipedia as accurate as Britannica--at least on science (eSchool News Online, 25 Jan. 2006)

Wikipedia: A Multilingual Treasure Trove - Jean LeLoup and Robert Ponterio (LL&T, May 2006)

Wikis ("the world's easiest to use wiki service"; a website full of resources about the basics of wikis and using wikis)

Wikis ("WIKIS PROVIDE UNIQUE COLLABORATIVE OPPORTUNITIES for education. Combining freely accessible information, rapid feedback, simplified HTML, and access by multiple editors, wikis are being rapidly adopted as an innovative way of constructing knowledge.") - Cathy Arreguin (EET, 2004)

Wikis - another blow to the traditionalist teacher ("What are some of the potential outcomes of wikis for education and the construction of knowledge")

Wikis - a Rapidly Growing Phenomenon in the German-Speaking Community ("In the first part we describe the dissemination of wikis in the German-speaking school community with a special focus on Switzerland, the most active German-speaking country using wikis in schools. In the second part we examine what foundations have to be laid for a further propagation of wikis in the Germanspeaking school community as an example of a non Englishspeaking community.") - Beat Doebeli Honegger

Wikis as a tool for Communities of Practice

Wikis: Collaborative Spaces for the Digital Era (a joint presentation for the 21st APPI Conference) - Teresa Almeida d'Eça and Dafne Gonzalez (4 May 2007)

Wikis, Grafitti, and Process - Clay Shirky (Many-to-Many, 26 Aug. 2003)

Wikis in Plain English (a video tutorial that shows a simple way of teaching wikis) - Lee Lefever (May 2007)

Wikis in the Classroom (a set of links to wiki-related topics)

Wikis Made Simple -- Very Simple - Wade Roush (Technology Review, 21 Jun. 2006)

Wikis test students' research skills ("Wikipedia and other reference sites that allow users to submit and edit content themselves are creating new challenges for educators. Experts say the rise of these kinds of web sites underscores the need for educators to teach students strong information-literacy skills.") - Roger Riddell (eSchool News Online, 25 Jan. 2006)

Wikipedia: A Multilingual Treasure Trove - Jean LeLoup and Robert Ponterio (LL&T, May 2006)

Wikiquote (an online compendium of quotations)

Wikiville ("where 21st Century students can together tell their story of life where they live")

Wiki Wiki Web - Ward Cunningham

      Elements of Wiki Essence

      What is Wiki - Ward Cunningham et al.

      Why Wiki Works

      Wiki Design Principles - Ward Cunningham

      Wiki Essence

      Wiki Getting Started FAQ

      Wiki History - Ward Cunningham

      Wiki Welcome Visitors - Ward Cunningham

      Wiki Wiki Web Faq

Wild about Wikis ("Simply put, wikis enable anyone and everyone to create content online using easily understandable tools... Not surprisingly, K-12 schools are also taking advantage of the opportunities for "collaborative construction" that wikis provide") - David Jakes (techLearning, 15 Aug. 2006)

Wired for Wikiphonics (presentation) - Brian Lamb


  Hosts & Software  

Backpack ("Want to collaborate with someone? With 10 people? No problem. Create a page and share it with your friends or co-workers. Get things done together on your own private shared web page. You can also publish pages for anyone in the world to see.")

Kwiki ("perhaps the simplest to install, most modular, and easiest to extend Wiki. A Wiki allows users to freely create and edit web pages in any web browser. Kwiki is Open Source Software in Perl")

MediaWiki (free Wiki software "hosted on a school's internal server, no ads are present")

PBWiki ("a free, password protected wiki; easy as a peanut butter sandwich")

      Make your Wiki tour

      Template Gallery

PMWiki ("PmWiki is a WikiWikiWeb system developed by Patrick Michaud in the PHP scripting language. PmWiki has been primarily designed as a tool to support easy, collaborative authoring and maintenance of web sites.")

Schtuff ("a FREE Wiki service. A Wiki is a website that lets anyone easily create and edit pages, promoting group collaboration. Schtuff Wikis are called spaces")

SeedWiki ("free, with no limit on the number of wikis you can create or the  number of participants")

Stikipad ("a hosted wiki solution that gives you an easy way to organize your information and share information with others. We run completely in your browser with no downloads and easy administration, letting you take your StikiPad wherever you have access to the Internet")

TiddlyWiki ("a non-linear personal web notebook that allows anyone to create personal selfcontained hypertext documents that can be posted to any Web server") - Jeremy Ruston

TWiki - an Enterprise Collaboration Platform ("a flexible, powerful, and easy to use enterprise collaboration platform") - Peter Thoeny

Web Collaborator ("a free and easy way to collaborate on documents and projects; keeps backups of every revision)


Wikidot ("build a website easier than ever, publish content immediately, share your documents, collaborate with friends or coworkers, create a place for your community")

Wiki hosts - links put together by James Framer (12 May 2004)

WikiSpaces ("We make wikis accessible to everyone, not just technical users. We provide a clean interface, a visual page editor, and a focus on community collaboration")

Writeboard ("write, share, revise, compare")

Writely (a "Web Word processor that is easy to use, lets you share documents instantly & collaborate real-time, edit your documents from anywhere, and store your documents securely online")

ZoHo wiki ("a Wiki that is as easy to use as a word processor")


  PODCASTING (includes tutorials)



An Audacity Tutorial - Daniel James

An Introduction to Podcasting - David Baugh (27 Mar. 2005)

An Introduction to Podcasts for Language Teachers - Claire B. Siskin (Jul. 2007)

Apple's iPod is taking campuses by storm - Takashi Mochizuki (The Nevada Sagebrush, 2 Nov. 2004)

Beginners Guide to Podcasting

Blogs in Education - Keith Burnett

Casting about on the Web 2.0 (list of resources compiled by Vance Stevens)

ClickCaster, Odeo and Podomatic Comparison and Review (20 Oct. 2005)

Computer, microphone, iPod make broadcasting personal ("...If Internet-based weblogs turned everyone into a potential newspaper columnist, and digital cameras let them become photojournalists, podcasting is promising to let everyone with a microphone and a computer become a radio commentator...") - Peter J. Howe ( News, 20 Dec. 2004)

Creating a Podcast - Lorrie Jackson (Education World, 26 Feb. 2006)

Download and Podcast Trial (May-Dec2005) - BBC Radio

Electronic Village Online: An Educator's Perspective ("The first time I heard the word 'podcasting' mentioned was during a chat session for the 2005 Blogging EVO. Two teachers shared the fact that they had Skyped each other and had been trying to record the conversation and make a 'podcast' of it as an experiment. My initial reaction was one that many have. What a silly name! I don't have an iPod so I can't do that!...")- Graham Stanley (ID3 Podcast Magazine, 16 Apr. 2006)

Englishcaster: FAQs - Robert Diem

Exploiting the educational potential of podcasting ("This article has been written for teachers and senior leadership teams in schools. It provides a brief overview of podcasting and how to create and listen to podcasts available on the Internet. The main section is devoted to exploring the potential of podcasting activities and scenarios for pupils and young people in schools, with reference to the National Curriculum for ICT. The use of podcasting as an alternative teaching approach and for personalised learning is also discussed. Consideration is given to issues of copyright and licences. A range of sources for further information about podcasting is also provided.") - Dave Jobbings (RECAP, Jul. 2005)

First UK schoold podcast up for new media prize - Jonny Evans (Macworld Daily News, 20 Jun. 2005) (refers to msgPodcast under Podcasts, below)

How Podcasting Works ("...a very simple step by step illustration of how to subscribe to a podcast") - Peter Rukavina (25 May 2005)

How to build a 10 minute podcast - Eric Rice (4 Jun. 2005)

How to: Create Your Own Podcasting Show on Windows - Zeff Hemel (Oct. 2004)

How to ping - Dave Winer

How to Podcast - Jason Van Orden (2005)

How To: Podcasting - Phillip Torrone (5 Oct. 2004)

How wikis, podcasts, and laptops help students with learning disabilities - Vicki Davis, aka Coot Cat Teacher (25 Jan. 2006)

In Pod We Trust ("Podcasting is an offshoot of that booming internet activity, blogging...") - Peter Day (16 May 2005)

Invasion of the podcasting people? - Christine Boese ( Technology, 8 Dec. 2004)

Ipodder good fodder for MP3 heads: Adam Curry strikes again - Doug Mohney (The Inquirer, 30 Aug. 2004) (" The resource for the iPod platform") - Adam Curry

      A brief History - Adam Curry (5 Oct. 2004)

      What is it? (4 Mar. 2005)

      What is podcasting? - Dave Winer (21 Oct. 2004)

iPods and Podcasting. Too Cool for School? ("In April of 2005, Brandeis created a pilot project to have students in an anthropology class produce museum audio guides that would test the feasibility of podcasting at Brandeis. The pilot was successful beyond our expectations. Learn how this pilot paved the way for a semester-long iPod and podcasting project") - Janet Hill et al. (NERCOMP Conference, 2006)

      Resources used

iPods and Second Language Acquisition

iPods in Education: Innovations in the Implementation of Mobile Learning ("this article will contextualise the use of iPods vis-à-vis mobile learning, emphasising the need to engage in effective planning if innovative e-learning projects are to be successful. Finally, it calls for more research into the relationship between mobile learning and the enhancement of real learning outcomes") - Michael Thomas (The Knowledge Tree, 10 Jul. 2006)

iPod to lecture lazy students - Maswrodl staff (14 Jun. 2005)

It's not a '50s B Movie, it's Podcasting - David Warlick (28 Dec. 2004)

Learn a foreign language on your daily coommute (Instruction is cheap and easy via an iPod) - Catherine E. Soichet (St. Petersburg Times, 5 Jan. 2007)

More Women Are Tuning into Podcasts - Tony Kontzer (techLearning, 27 Dec. 2005)

MP3 Files will Revolutionize your Language Learning - Reid Wilson (Language Impact, 2000)

NCQ Talk: "What is a Podcast?" - Dan Balzer, Kris Smith and Susan Manning (LT, 22 Fe. 2005)

New Tools: Blogs, Podcasts and Virtual Classrooms - Ethan Todras-Whitehill (NYTimes, 3 Aug. 2005)

PAMS Principal Receives Educator 500 Award ("Principal Troy Czukoski, Ed.D., a strong advocate for technology in the classroom, was chosen to be the first to embrace some of that new technology... was the first winner to be interviewed using an iPod" - Bill Rettew Jr. (Phoenixville News (27 Oct. 2005)

Pay No Attention to the Podcaster Behind the Screen - Andy Carvin (6 Jan. 2005)

Podcast (Wikipedia)

Podcast 411 (Podcasting How To Tutorials)

Podcast about The Podcast ("...While I am no expert, I do have experience and I decided to do a podcast about how I have been handling my audio. Podcaster to podcaster if you will. I include lots of pictures and details...") - Michael W. Geoghehan

Podcast numbers cut through hype ("People downloading to podcasts are still in a minority, despite the hype surrounding them, research suggests.") - Jonathan Fildes (BBC News, 10 Apr. 2006)

Podcast Page ("Welcome to Mr. Mayo's Audio Page. This is where I store all the audio we do in class.")

Podcast Takes Word of the Year Honors (tecLearning, 6 Dec. 2005)

Podcasters prepare to launch video era (, 14 Oct. 2005)

Podcasting 101 -- How Educators Can Use This New Technology - Mike Dionne (techLearning, 1 Jul. 2006)

Podcasting (definition in Wikipedia)

Podcasting ("Employing elements of both radio and blogging, podcasting has enormous potential for providing learning experiences for children.") - David Warlick (techLearning, 15 Sep. 2005)

Podcasting ("Bring free audio content into the classroom—and post content for others to listen to!") - Tony Vincent (LearninginHand)

Podcasting (text of a presentation) - Tod Maffin (19 Feb. 2005)

Podcasting (ELI, Jun. 2005)

Podcasting 100 for K-12 Librarians ("Our 21st-century school librarians can lead the way with innovative programming, new resources, and creative instruction. But first, they need to learn what podcasting is all about.") - Esther Kreider Eash (Computers in Libraries, Apr. 2006)

'Podcasting' set to take off - Corey Murray (eSchool News Online, 15 Nov. 2004)

    Podcasting - Will Richardson (eSchool News Online, 19 Oct. 2004)

    Podcasting: A Case Study of Internet Time - Tim Wilson (eSchool News Online, 18 Oct. 2004)

Podcasting & Vodcasting: A White Paper (Definitions, Discussions & Implications) - Peter Meng (Univ. of Missouri, Mar. 2005)

Podcasting: Audio on the Internet comes of age ("...This article aims to take a broad look at emerging trends in educational podcasting and suggest some ways it can be used to support language learning and teaching. I will concentrate on how it can be used with learners, suggest ways of introducing podcasts to a class, and show you how a podcast can be easily created in a matter of minutes using automatic podcasting sites, as well as mentioning other ways of creating podcasts...") - Graham Stanley (TESL-EJ, Mar. 2006)

Podcasting Blues ("...I don't want to dissuade people from trying the technology and seeing what it and they can do. That's the only way we'll see what podcasting might be good for, the old "see what sticks" method....") - Will Richardson (30 Dec. 2004)

Podcasting Defined - Wesley Fryer (techLearning, 8 Sep. 2005)

Podcasting: Do It Yourself Guide (NetLibrary's Sep.05 eBook of the Month)

Podcasting-Education ("Information and discussion regarding podcasting as an educational tool in today's classroom. Teachers, educators and others share how you have used podcasting thus far, how you hope to use it soon, or any special projects that you envision using podcasting in a school setting. Exchange ideas, tech tips, lesson plans, or even your podcast.") - Yahoo Group

Podcasting for Education - D'Arcy Norman (30 Oct. 2004)

Podcasting for ELT - Graham Stanley (Teaching English, 17 Nov. 2005)

Podcasting Guide - Michael Abulencia (29 Aug. 2006)

Podcasting Help

Podcasting in Education - Sean Fitzgerald

Podcast lectures for uni students - (BBC News, 26 May 2006)

Podcasts: New Twist on Net Audio ("For anyone who loves listening to the wide variety of internet audio programming, but can't always listen to their favorite shows when they're scheduled... podcasting sends audio content directly to an iPod or other MP3 player.") - Daniel Terdiman (Wired News, 8 Oct. 2004)

Recording a Podcast - Jake Ludington

RSS 2.0 Specification (Harvard Law)

      How to support enclosures in aggregators (Harvard Law)

Simple Method for Publishing Podcasts as RSS 2.0 feeds - Kevin Lim (12 Dec. 2004)

Skype and Podcasting: Disruptive Technologies for Language Learning - Robert Godwin-Jones (LL&T, Sep. 2005)

SkypeCasting (instructions for podcasting of Skype recordings)

Spoken Internet To Go: Popularization through Podcasting ("...This article starts with a brief historical background on the trends leading to the popularization of podcasting or the sudden prominence of Internet audio...") - Steve McCarty (The JALT CALL Journal, Aug. 2005)

Teaching with iPods? Of course - Robert A. Frahm (SuperSunday, Education, 28 Dec. 2005)

TEFL Podcasting Forum ("Blog focusing on using podcasts for teaching and learning in EFL") - Graham Stanley

The Educational Value of Podcasting (SCOPE Seminar, Oct. 2006)

The Other End of Podcasting - David Warlick (6 Jan. 2005)

The Podcasting E-book - Stephanie Ciccarelli

Trend: Podcasting in Academic and Corporate Learning ("...So what’s the big deal? Why is podcasting becoming such a hot trend?...") - Eva Kaplan-Leiserson (Learning Circuits, Jun. 2005)

What is a Podcast? - Lorrie Jackson (EducationWorld, 31 Jan. 2006)

What is Podcasting - Philip Torrone (20 Ju. 2005)

You, too, can be a podcaster ("'s important to look beyond what's available today to see a day when it will be widely used by public radio, churches, universities, families and anyone else with a microphone....") - Daniel Terdiman (Wired News, 31 Dec. 2004)


  Educational podcasts  

Absolutely Intercultural ("the first ever intercultural podcast. ‘absolutely intercultural!’ is its name and, as far as we know, this is the first podcast in the world to deal with intercultural issues. We’ll be releasing a new episode every second Friday evening") - Anne Fox and Laurent Borgmann (Mar. 2006)Barcelona Young Learners EFL Podcasts - Graham Stanley (May 2005)

Booruch ("David documents his foray into Educational Podcasting") - David Noble (2006)

Brainbubbles (quiz questions to focus you listening)

CK's Listen & Repeat English Podcast - Charles Kelly (Dec. 2005)

Comprehensible Input: The Podcast - Scott Lockman

Connect Learning (Podcasting on the Fly) - David Warlick

Conversationability's podcast - Isabel Teixeira's students (Sep. 2006)

Daily Source Code (a daily audio blog post in mp3) - Adam Curry

Diane's ESL Podcast

Discovery Channel Radio

Educating the NeT Generation (MVP Webinar Series)

Educational Podcasting ("This UK directory lists podcasts for educational use - suitable for use by children and young people at school, college and elsewhere. The directory also lists podcasts produced and published by pupils, young people, and educators")


    School podcasts

    Subject podcasts

EDUCAUSE Pocket Edition

Edukast ("powering podcasts that edukate")

endgadget - Philip Torrone

English as a Second Language (News in VOA Special English)

English as a Second Language Podcast ("a daily, 15-20 minute podcast to help those wishing to improve their English. It is hosted by Dr. Jeff McQuillan, a former professor of applied linguistics")

Englishcaster (Podcast lessons for learners of English)

English Conversations

English Idioms and Slang (Slang and Idiom lessons for learners of English) - Robert Diem

English Jokes

English Pod Song ("a weekly podcast for English language learners") - Graham Stanley

English Teacher John ("An easy-to-understand English learning podcast. We feature: granner, idims. pronunciation, topics and more. We always speak slowly and clearly...")

EPN: Education Podcast Network (" effort to bring together into one place the wide range of podcast programming that may be helpful to teachers looking for content to teach with and about, and to explore issues of teaching and learning in the 21st century")

ESL : Listening : Podcasts (collection of links) - Charles Kelly

ESL : Listening : Podcasts . For Native Speakers ("These podcasts are aimed at native English speakers, so they are probably only interesting to advanced ESL students") - Charles Kelly

ESL : Listening : Downloadable MP3 Files - Charles Kelly

ESLPod (for intermediate and advanced students who want to improve their English: includes explanations of expressions and scripts) - Jeff McQuillan

ESL Pod Cards

Evil Genius Chronicles ("A journal of geekery, music and joy" regularly recorded and podcast/ed) - Dave Slusher

Find Podcasts ("a few directories created to organize the growing number of podcasts. Courtesy of Tony Vincent and Learning in Hand")

GaETC 2005 Podcasts (Georgia Educational Technology Conference)

GaETC 2006 Podcasts (Georgia Educational Technology Conference)

Global Arabic-English Podcasts (EFL, USA, Kuwair, Saudi Arabia, Worldbridges, Peace)

    Bringing the World's Languages to Oberlin - Sue Angell (Oberlin Online, 6 Jan. 2006)

In the Trenches - Kevin Devin

IT Conversations: New Ideas through your Headphones (a podcast: "IT Conversations is a network of high-end tech talk-radio interviews, discussions and presentations from major conferences delivered live and on-demand via the Internet. It's a one-person labor of love...")

Japancasting ("ELT, Podcasting, Wiki") - Steve McCarty

Jokes in English Podcast - Charles Kelly

KidCast (PodCasting in the Classroom)

Kindergarten Pods (Kids reaching out globally!!!)

Learn a Song Podcast ("(MP3 Files to Help You Learn Songs in English") - Charles Kelly

Learning 2005 (Oct.30-Nov.2: "Each week prior to Learning 2005 we will post video, audio and text segments to trigger conversations and dialogues in the learning field.  All content is in the public domain and accessible to all")

Let's talk! Rosa's podcast - Rosa Ochoa (2006)

Madrid Young Learners Podcasts - Graham Stanley

Making Podcasting Accessible to All (about podcasting and accessibility) - Andy Carvin (23 Dec. 2004)


mgsPodcast (The UK's first regular schools podcast, from pupils and staff at Musselburgh Grammar School, Scotland)

      msgPodcast - First Pilot Edition


MicrobeWorld - American Society for Microbiology

Odeo ("explore the world of podcasting: play, download, and create MP3s about interesting things")

Openculture ("foreign language lesson podcast collection")

Podcast About the Podcast - Michael Geoghegan (ReelReviews, 27 Dec. 2004)

Podcast Alley ("the most extensive listing of podcasts on the web... Don't limit yourself to the education category. Many applicable podcasts can be found in other categories! You can also perform a search")

Podcast Pickle ("The first podcast and vidcast community")

Podcasting-Education (A Yahoo Group on "Information and discussion regarding podcasting as an educational tool in today's classroom...")

Podcasting for ELT (EFL & ESL) - ("a station for EFL/ESL educators interested in podcasting and is linked to the 2006 TESOL EVO session and the Podcasting for ELT group")

Podcasting in Academic and Corporate Learning ("You may have heard the term and wondered what it meant. Or you may already be listening to podcasts and pondering how they might be used with learners. This article will provide a basic explanation of podcasting, highlight some uses in learning, offer a Q+A from a corporate supplier, and then provide links to more information.") - Eva Kaplan-Leiserson Learning Circuits, Jun. 2005)

Podcasting in the Classroom ("This edition explores how podcasts are being used by faculty to enhance students' educational experience. Along the way, many are finding unique value to this alternative media format.") - (EDUCAUSE Pocket Edition #3, 7 Jan. 2006)

Podcasting News (a podcast directory, inlcuding Education)

      Podcasting News: English (the Podcast Directory)

Podcast on How to Podcast - Elliot Masie (5 Oct. 2005)

Podcast on SkypeCasting - Thomas Claburn (InformationWeek, 29 Nov. 2005)

Podcast Park ("...your best directory for family friendly podcasts. Our goal is to provide you with the best podcasting has to offer in a worry-free, wholesome environment. Here you will find a wide variety of great podcasts that will entertain, inform, and inspire")

Podcasts from Learn 4 Life - Innovation in Education in the UK

Podcasts with text (links to...)

Podictionary (The podcast for word lovers) - Charles Hodgson

Pod-EFL ("Podcasts for students and teachers of EFL/ESL") - Graham Stanley

Podomatic ("the easiest place to create, find and send podcasts and videocasts")

Podzinger ("To find the podcast you want, don't just search for it ... ZING IT!")

Podzinger Pushes Podcast Search

Radio ESL - Dave Winet (Jul. 2005)

Radio WillowWeb ("an online radio program for kids and by kids. Each new show is called a Willowcast. Each Willowcast can be heard on WillowWeb as an mp3 digital audio file")

Room 208 (3rd-4th graders; 2005-2006)

      New Tools: Blogs, Podcasts and Virtual Classrooms - Ethan Todras-Whitehill (NYTimes, 3 Aug. 2005)

Samba EFL Podcast - Carla Arena (2006)

Soft Reset ("the podcast for those using handhelds in education. Hosted by Tony Vincent and Mike Curtis, you'll learn helpful tips, hear about useful resources, and listen to insightful discussion about topics handheld-using educators care about")

Splendid Speaking ("speaking skills for advanced learners of English") - Peter Travis

    Interviews schedule

Student Podcasting ("a page for English language podcasts created entirely by the students of Grade One at the High School Affiliated to Fudan University: Shanghai, China")

The Bob and Rob Show ("weekly English lessons from a Yankee and a Brit")

The Daily English Show ("home-produced video podcast for EFL") - Sarah Lilburn

The freshest podcasts in the known universe (a sample of the latest podcasts)

The Podcast Directory ("a podcast directory that helps you find podcasts, read and write podcast reviews, listen to podcasts and share your podcast with others")

The Way We Say It (Listen and remember)

Tokyo Calling: Japan's First Podcast - Scott Lockman

Very Vocabulary ("English Vocab Podcasts: great for students... or anyone wanting to improve their vocab")

Who said? ("A literature game delivered as a podcast. Guess the character, story and author") - Amy

Wikipedia ("Learn how anyone who is interested can contribute to this living, online encyclopedia that is a product of group editing") (EDUCAUSE Pocket Edition, 5 Apr. 2006)


  Resources ("...the latest casts from the community...")

Blinkx (for searching the audio tracks in videos and podcasts)

BlogMatrix ("Blogging solutions for podcasting and videocasting")

ClickCaster ("Imagine being able to quickly and easily record, license, publish, and promote your ClickCast without ever having to download a thing.")

CrowdAbout ("build your podcast community")

Digital Podcast (directory of podcasts)

FeedBurner ("helps publishers manage the technical complexities of RSS, while offering tools to help increase awareness and reach, track circulation and usage")

GigaDial: The podstation factory ("a new approach to radio programming. You can use it to create and subscribe to podcast-powered stations composed of individual episodes from your favorite podcasters"; "You can set up a special listening channel... for your class, directing the students to listening material outside of class. The students themselves can post to this channel, so they become actively involved in selecting listening material for their peers, and in their learning", Graham Stanley, 13Nov05)


Juice ("the premier podcast receiver, allowing users to capture and listen to podcasts anytime, anywhere")

Learn Out Loud ("the Internet's first directory for podcasts you can learn from")

Loudblog ("Loudblog makes Audioblogging and Podcasting easy... a sleek and easy-to-use Content Management System (CMS) for publishing audio content on the web. It automatically generates a skinnable website and an RSS-Feed for Podcasting. Just upload your audio files, add some notes and links, and you’re done!")

NPR Podcast Directory (U.S. National Public Radio)


Podcast Alley ("featuring the best Podcast Directory and the Top 10 podcasts, as voted on by the listeners")

Podcast Directory

Podcast Maker (for Macs)

Podcasting Central (free trials of podcasting software and free online tutorials)

Podcasting News

Podcasting Tools

Podomatic Directory

Podscope ("search the audio content of podcasts... It only knows words in the dictionary, but you may just find individual podcast shows for a certain topic")

Podzinger (to bring keyword search to spoken content)

SkreemeR ("a search engine for .mp3 audio)

Tech Tip Podcasts


  VODCASTING (Videocasting)  

MediaSnackers ("a monthly 15 min. vodcast featuring content made, produced or focussed on young people and media from aound the globe")

Podcasters prepare to launch video era (, 14 Oct. 2005)

Podcasting & Vodcasting: A White Paper (Definitions, Discussions & Implications) - Peter Meng (Univ. of Missouri, Mar. 2005)

Vodcasting (Oct. 2005)



Video Podcasts (of all sorts) CBS-Washington, DC Vodcasts



10 Most Dangerous Things Users Do Online ("If your end users knew what damage they could cause when they...") (School CIO)

10+ steps to creating simple HTML files (tutorial) - Vance Stevens

A PC Pioneer Decries the State of Computing - David Kirkpatrick (Fortune, 8 Jul. 2004)

Bridging the Tech-Education Gap - Katie Dean (Wired News, 29 Aug. 2002)

Dodgy links: a warning to all webmasters maintaining lists of links to external sites - Graham Davies (updated 4 May 2005)

E-Learning Accessibility - Paul Stacey (Mar. 2003)

E-Learning and Knowledge Management - Paul Stacey (Oct. 2000)

E-Learning Interoperability & Web Services - Paul Stacey (Dec. 2002)

From slates to software: Exhibit traces 200 years of teaching math ( - Feb 2002)

How to Get the Most Out of an Online Conference - Jim Shimabukuro (2003)

How to Train - and Retain - Teachers - Vartan Gregorian (NYTimes Online, 6 Jul. 2001)

'Hybrid' Teaching Seeks to End the Divide Between Traditonal and Online Instruction - Jeffrey R. Young (The Chronicle of Hiher Education, Mar. 22, 2002)

In the Clasroom: How to use on-screen keyboards with interactive whiteboards - (TES, 22Mar2006)

Learning Orientation Questionnaire: Measuring Online Ability (The Training Place)

Learning Styles Presentation - Virginia Havergal (Ferl, 11 Jun. 2003)

Lessons for the Future Internet: Learning from the Past ("This article describes a few highlights of Internet development in the past, analyzes some of the policy factors at work in that development, and suggests some avenues for academic contributions to the successful evolution of the future Internet") - Michael M. Roberts (EDUCAUSE Review, Jul/Aug 2006)

Live E-Learning - Paul Stacey (Mar. 2002)

More Students Log on to Learn - Peter Schworm ( News, 16 Sep. 2004) (a site where you can get old versions of popular applications)

Online Backups - Bob Rankin (Mar. 2007)

Online Communities and the Secret Sauce - Paul Stacey (Jun. 2003)

People to People not just People to Content - Learning Environments for Active and Alive Content - Paul Stacey (Feb. 2003)

Queen knights World Wide Web inventor (, 16 Jul. 2004)

Some students Prefer Classes Online ("...At least 2.3 million people took some kind of online course in 2004, according to a recent survey by The Sloan Consortium, an online education group, and two-thirds of colleges offering "face-to-face" courses also offer online ones. But what were once two distinct types of classes are looking more and more alike — and often dipping into the same pool of students...") - Justin Pope (Yahoo News, 13 Jan. 2006)

Study: Teens want small, solid schools ( - Apr 2002)

Teaching with technology - Julie Hill (Presentations, Oct. 2002)

Technology Taking Students on Far-Flung Field Trips - Pamela Mendels (NYTimes, 17 Mar. 1999)

Teenage Overload, or Digital Dexterity? - Katie Hafner (NYTimes, 12 Apr. 2001)

Teenagers Try Online Learning - Lisa Guernsey (NYTimes, 15 Feb. 2001)

That Parent-Child Conversation is Becoming, and Online - John Schwartz (NYTimes, 3 Jan. 2004)

The Hundred-Dollar Laptop - Jason Pontin (Technology, Aug. 2005)

Too young for technology? ("Parents, scholars reconsider tech for youngsters") (, 23 Jul. 2004)

Web conferencing: setting the stage for expanding your reach - David Collins (The Business Review, 11 Aug. 2003)

Web is a Vital College 'Utility', Study Reports: Internet Outpaces Library for Student Research Needs - Ellen McCarthy (, 16 Sep. 2002)

What is an Online Conference? - Jim Shimabukuro (2003)

When technology fails, be ready - Dave Paradi (Presentations, Jul. 2004)

Why do Teachers Resist Using ICT? Latest Poll Results - Terry Freedman (21 Dec. 2006)

Wireless Solutions - Carol Holzberg (techLEARNING, 25 May 2005)


  Web 2.0  

2007 Web 2.0 Awards ("over 200 Web 2.0 sites in 41 categories", May 2007)

3spots ("00 social bookmarking tools)

A Day in the Life of Web 2.0 ("The latest powerful online tools can be harnessed to transform and expand the learning experience") - David Warlick (techLearning, 15 Oct. 2006)

All Things Web 2.0 ("a Sacred Cow Dung open directory")

Authentic Assessment with Electronic Portfolios using Common Software and Web 2.0 Tools ("This web page provides information on common software tools available on personal computers and/or the Internet to facilitate assessment FOR learning (classroom-based assessment) in electronic portfolios") - Helen C. Barrett (2006)

Creating ePortfolios with Web 2.0 Tools (links to resources) - Helen Barrett (2007)

Dion Hinchcliffe's Web 2.0 Blog

    Time Magazine's Person of the Year: You and Web 2.0 (20 Dec. 2006)

Fifty Tools (to create a story) - Links compiled by Alan Levine

Go2Web2.0 ("the complete Web 2.0 directory")

Google Docs in Plain English (video) - Lee Lefever

Is Education 1.0 Ready for Web 2.0 Students? ("Web 2.0 is here. Internet users are not only finding information on the Internet; they are also creating and uploading content. What will be the impact on colleges and universities as more digitally savvy students, those who are accustomed to Web 2.0's two-way information exchange, enter their halls? Beginning with an exploration of the meaning and application of Web 2.0, this article considers how Net Generation students with Web 2.0 expectations will reshape institutions of higher education") - John Thompson (Innovate, Apr/May 2007)

Language Learning and Web 2.0 Technologies - Graham Stanley (Nov. 2006)

    Language Learning & Web 2.0 - Graham Stanley (same video in "Teacher Tube")

Memos from Web 2.0 World - Wade Roush (Technology Review, 29 Mar. 2006)

One Woman's/Teacher's Wanderings with Web2.0 - Allanah King (May 2007)

Seconds out, round two ("The explosion of new web services - such as 'blogs' and 'wikis' - has led many to believe that the internet is now entering a second phase. It's finally beginning to resemble a truly interactive learning tool") - Stephen O'Hear (The Guardian, 15 Nov. 2005)

Social Bookmarking in Plain English (a video about - Lee LeFever (Aug. 2007)

The Basics: Your Office on the Web - Ian Delaney (15 Dec. 2006)

The Complete Web 2.0 Directory (a list of linkable icons)

Time's Person of the Year: You ("...And for seizing the reins of the global media, for founding and framing the new digital democracy, for working for nothing and beating pros at their own game, TIME's Person of the Year for 2006 is you.") - Lev Grossman (Time, 13 Dec. 2006)

Web 2.0 ("videos and PPoints to help with the teaching and learning of Web 2.0") - Chris Smith

Web 2.0 ("A viral video about Web 2.0")

Web 2.0 (video) - Jeff Utecht (YouTube, 8 Mar.2006)

    The Machine is Us/ing Us (a video response to the video above) - Michael Wesch (YouTube, 31 Jan.2007)

Web 2.0 2007 Awards

Web 2.0 and future education - Carl Eneroth (8 Dec. 2005)

Web 2.0 and Language Learning - Graham Stanley (Nov. 2006) (video presentation on blogs, wikis, podcasts and Second Life)

Web 2.0: A New Wave of Innovation for Teaching and Learning? ("The term is audacious: Web 2.0. It assumes a certain interpretation of Web history, including enough progress in certain directions to trigger a succession. The label casts the reader back to Sir Tim Berners-Lee’s unleashing of the World Wide Web concept a little more than a decade ago, then asks: What forms of the Web have developed and become accepted enough that we can conceive of a transition to new ones? ") - Bryan Alexander (Educause Review, Mar/Apr 2006)

Web 2.0 Checklist 2.0 - Arnaud Leene (MicroContent Musings, 21 Jul. 2005)

Web 2.0 Framework (great image and explanations; 2007)

Web 2.0 for Designers - Richard MacManus and Joshua Porter (Digital Web, 4 May 2005)

Web 2.0 Has Arrived ("... At least in the two tech gurus' minds, "Web 2.0" stands for the idea that the Internet is evolving from a collection of static pages into a vehicle for software services, especially those that foster self-publishing, participation, and collaboration.") - Wade Roush (Technology Review, 7 Oct. 2005)

Web 2.0 in Education ("a collection of links") - Chris Smith

Web 2.0 Remixed (video with different views) (YouTube, 9 Aug. 2006)

Web 2.0 Resources - Terence Armentano

Web 2.0s Top 1,000 List

Web 2.0 Web: Spinning a New Thread - Ismail Fayed (11 Feb. 2007)

Web 2.0 terminology (a wiki)

What is Web 2.0 - Tim O'Reilly (30 Sep. 2005)

What is Web 2.0? (video) - Andi Gutmans (YouTube, 10 Sep. 2006)

What is Web 2.0? (a collection of links compiled by Vance Stevens)

What is Web 2.0 and how is it impacting on education? ("In this podcast, JISC's Lawrie Phipps and Dave White from the University of Oxford speak about the impact such technologies - commonly gathered under the umbrella term 'Web 2.0' - are having on education and research and how institutions can harness them meaningfully and effectively in support of their students")

Why WebTools? (Web 2.0) (a series of resources)

Working the Web ("Interactive Web 2.0 technologies may help improve teaching and learning, as well as staff productivity") - Chelan David (University Business, Apr. 2007)


  Social Networking, Social Software et al  

A privacy paradox: Social networking in the United States ("This article will discuss the uproar over privacy issues in social networks by describing a privacy paradox; private versus public space; and, social networking privacy issues. It will finally discuss proposed privacy solutions and steps that can be taken to help resolve the privacy paradox.") - Susan B. Barnes (First Monday, Sep. 2006)

A space on the web that we control ("Imagine an e-portfolio based on personal publishing and social networking that can automatically link you to others with similar interests ...") - Steve O'Hear (Guardian Unlimited, 7 Mar. 2006)

Delicious as a Network Beginning (21st Century Connections, Tip #1) for 2008-2009)

For some educators, tagging is 'it' ("New way to find and store information online has implications for schools") (eSchool News, 20 Feb. 2006)

Social Networking 3.0 ("The third generation of social-networking technology has hit the Web, and it's about content as much as contacts.") - Wade Roush (Technology Review, 18 Nov. 2005)

Social Networking in Plain English (a video) - Lee LeFever

Technologies of Cooperation ("Emerging digital technologies present new opportunities for developing complex cooperative strategies that change the way people work together to solve problems and generate wealth. Central to this class of cooperation-amplifying technologies are eight key clusters, each with distinctive contributions to cooperative strategy") - Andrea Saveri, Howard Rheingold, and Kathi Vian (Institute for the Future, Jan. 2005)









Miro (to save YouTube videos locally)


MITV Videos: Bringing the Site to Life ("a free resource to learn the basics of making videos")


Online Video Industru Index - Read/Write Web


ooVoo ("a new way to do cideo chats")


VideoJug ("life explained on film")




  M-LEARNING   A Phone Story: 12-Hour Student Challenge (ideas for lessons with cell phones)  


Last updated on 16Feb10

Created on 21 December 2002

Teresa Almeida d'Eça

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